<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Arts and culture

Grade 9

Expression and communication

Module 5

How technology has influenced the distribution of music


Activity 1

To explain how technology has influenced the distribution of music

  • While listening to Eine Kleine Nachtmusik imagine the following: You are living in Europe in the 18th century. The wonder child Mozart’s (13) music is creating a stir. He composes and performs his own work. Would it be possible for you to listen to his music? If so, how would you do it?
  • Compare it to the current situation. Name the technological inventions that make it possible to listen to any music today.

How has music been distributed since the beginning of the 20th century?

The influence of technology on the development of instruments

  • Since the very first musical instrument there has been an important connection between music and technology. Listen to the following extracts to experience the difference in sound:
  • Harpsichord music from the 17th century (Baroque Period) by JS BACH
  • Piano music by F CHOPIN

The piano developed from the harpsichord. Of the most important technological developments with regard to the piano is that the instrument could produce crescendo and diminuendo (gradually louder and softer) and sustain notes by using the damper pedal (the pedal to the right).

  • Poème Électronique by EDGAR VARÈSE

Since 1950 electronic instruments, especially amplified instruments like the electrical guitar and piano have become more prominent. With the development of electronic and computer technology the composer can be both composer and performer. Recordings are made in studios that have recorders, synthesizers, computers and other equipment to mix and filter sounds. This enables the composer to make use of a very wide spectrum of sound.

  • Try to recognise the following:




Machine noises


Animal sounds

Electronic sounds

Activity 2 (group)

To debate the following quotation:

  • One of the most experimental classical composers of the 20th century is without a doubt John Cage. His famous (or is it notorious?) composition is 4’33” (1952).

Let’s perform this composition!

  • One learner is responsible for the tape recorder.
  • One learner must time the performance – the recording must be exactly 4’33”.
  • One learner seats himself in front of a piano (or other musical instrument) without playing! He is the performer.
  • The rest of the learners form the audience!
  • The educator is the conductor who shows exactly when to begin and when to stop.

Good: 1.....2......3......begin!

1 second, 2 seconds_________4 minutes 30 seconds, 4 minutes 31 seconds,4 minutes 32 seconds, 4 minutes 33 seconds STOP!

Now listen to the recording!

No music? Only sounds!

What is the aim of this composition?

According to the composer he tries to arrange the composition means in such a way that he doesn’t have any idea of what is going to happen! His purpose is to eliminate purpose. He wants people to learn to listen; not only to music, but to everyday sounds as well.

The unintentional sounds that the audience might produce are the music! Cage explains: “I try to arrange my composing means so that I will not have any knowledge of what might happen. My purpose is to eliminate purpose. The purpose would be achieved if people learned to listen.” This type of music is beneficial for better communication between composer and listener.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11067/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Arts and culture grade 9' conversation and receive update notifications?