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This module will provide points for discussion on the steelband and its history. The targeted audience is teachers at both the primary and secondary levels in T&T . It will also provide an updated view of the pan and of the personalities who are associated with its development. The aim is to encourage teachers to consider using "texts" about this fantastic musical instrument in order to encourage the growth of Literacy in their students.

As we tell our story of the pan....

Let us not forget the pioneers of these remarkable instruments that have now become a global musical phenomenon. As the history unfolds follow it through our text and the links that are provided. Place yourselves in the scenarios and think positively of the contribution that "pan" can make to the Literacy of the at-risk students in our schools.

Where the pan was born

" There are not many working-class neighborhoods that can claim to have produced an original musical instrument recognized around the world. But Laventille, a hilly, low-income suburb just east of commercial Port of Spain, Trinidad, justly prides itself in being the birthplace of one of the most popular musical instruments created during the 20th century–the steel drum or "pan," as it is more correctly called. Laventille was settled in the mid-1800s by freed African slaves. There, the African tradition of drumming evolved over the years into rhythm bands of young, often rowdy men, who paraded the streets during Carnival and other celebrations pounding skin drums and, when those were outlawed, hollow bamboo drums. In the mid-1930s, these street bands began to use metal objects like garbage can lids, automobile parts, pots and pans, and biscuit tins because they were louder and stronger than bamboo, and they evolved into all-steel bands, or "steel bands" by the end of the 1930s."David Mangurian A short history of the shining drum (2001)

"Everybody wondering how the steel band start When you get to know, it will break your heartI tell you now, it was founded by one Winston Spree And this is how he started his first melody:Be do be dom, tom ping, tom ping." Calypso verse—Calypsonian Lord Kitchener, prolific writer of steel band music,in his 1975 "Tribute to Spree Simon", the "father" of pan.

But we cannot forget ellie mannette...narrative by norman darway

"But, we cannot forget 1947, Ellie Mannette sink the fifty-five oil drum, because, 1947 again, carnival, Ellie Mannette had a pan called "Barracuda" in "Invaders". The pan was sounding different to the rest of the band. Tokyo men who were bigger than dem at de time, because they were young fellas, come looking for "Invaders" with a chant 'we looking for Invaders we want to cut off Ellie Mannette hand', they invade the band and got the 'Barracuda pan' that Ellie Mannette cherished most at that time and took it to the hills. For about two weeks they hang the pan on a tree with a message to Ellie to come and get it. But Ellie did not go for it and this is how he went into the fifty-five oil drum and he sink the pan. There were people who brought in the forty-five drum, but he went into the fifty-five oil drum and he sink it for a competition that he wanted to play in an' in that competition in 1947, he came second again, to a guy from Elza Popin. Chick McGrew Springer defeated him. Chick McGrew came beating with two hands. In 1943/44, Ellie Mannette put rubber on the sticks. So, he sink the pan and he put rubber on the sticks. There was a competition at Point Cumana for St. Peters Day, and there is where the first time most of the band see rubber on the sticks, when Invaders came there, and this is how the rubber start appearing on the sticks. Ellie Mannette was very creative and he was a gifted turner and could have done ah lot ah things on dat machine, it was unbelievable an' dis help him a lot, because when you look at de iron they dos beat in de band, Ellie was the first person who people see tuning the iron to the pitch of the pan. He would put it down there and burn dat iron and burn it until he get dat sound. That is why "Invaders" had dat unique sound. But the man, who was rivaling him, is Sonny Roach from "Sun Valley". Sonny Roach was also a gifted tuner and this is where in 1949 "Invaders" played in a competition at the Savannah 'It's magic' and won the competition. Sonny Roach band "Sun Valley" came second and "Cross Fire", who split from "Tripoli", came third. Then there was another competition where "Invaders" won and "Sun Valley" came second down town and Sonny Roach went home with "Bajan" Cecil and penned a tune called "Sun Valley Coming Down."

Questions & Answers

why people suddenly bust into tears in nights or middle of the night?
N. Reply
did they laugh uncontrollably to?
Richard
how long have they been doing this?
Richard
Well people are more sensitive after dark, if they burst that means that what they gather (sentiments, ideas, feelings, etc...) are way to much for them and they need a realise... crying products endorphine that make you feel better...
Dani
people are more sensitive after dark? Who told you that?
Richard
is the relaxation Of The body that gets redy for sleep, you are been more relaxed
Dani
yeah ok!
Richard
Can one truly stop loving the person whom they are emotionally attached to?
Jaleesa Reply
listen to td Jakes emotionally abandoned on YouTube
Alexsus
How can someone be the best version of themself?
Fatmata Reply
Best for themselves doesn't guarantee best for other people, so just try be who we are and what best we consider to ourselves to do regardless what other people will say about it.
Hindun
The Golden Rule plus The Commandments.. Wake up & just be without any limitations
Monroe
act like the person you want to be. small steps. don't be fake.
Alexsus
to thy own self be true
Richard
the projection of your truth requires the full throttle of pure and authentique bravery " fortune favors the bold"
Zackaria
be making youre self better all the time.
non
don't forget the couragous
Richard
be without limitations... my old sensi loved that frase lol
Richard
wishes he thought it first lol
Richard
First realise what you are, the real you. Start researching on 'who am I' and when you realize the real you u achieved the real knowledge and you become confident and fearless more over u won't get bored on yourself. You can make better decisions in ur career and life when you realize yourself.
Arjun
already in a career 😊
Richard
psychology
Richard
continuous learning and experiement things and gain more experience. life is all about experiments and experiences.
Arjun
if a person is in same sex relationship, is it a psychological disorder or is it just okay to be in it?
Prasuta Reply
Homosexuality is not a disorder. It is a form of sexual orientation. Being in a same sex relationship is a completely normal and healthy form of sexual expression.
Himshikha
Thanks for the answer.
Prasuta
It is not a disorder... It is a biological feature n various other patterns of relationship come into account. The one must consult to a psychologist if in trouble with her\her own appearance. It would be helping!
Lakshika
Thanks
Prasuta
just ok
Richard
👍Thanks
Prasuta
where would the psychological disorder come into play?
Richard
Richard, what do you mean?
Himshikha
In this case?
Lakshika
Its the thing that the society thinks it to be a psychological problem.. so.. most of the people discriminate & misbehave with the homosexual people.
Prasuta
yes in this case
Richard
A lot of it has to do with misinterpretation of religious teachings.
Himshikha
A lot of people believed (and still continue to believe) that someone with schizophrenia, a real and tangible mental disorder, is possessed by a spirit. It takes time for scientific research to be accepted by the common people. And now a lot of people accept that homosexuality is natural
Himshikha
unfortunately Society still has a struggle with acceptance
Richard
Society thinks that we are born to give birth to our next generation ONLY. And one's happiness is of no value to them. They try to drag and put everyone in the way they see the world.
Prasuta
Homosexuality is not a disorder..first thing.. In this case., uncertainty come into play when misterpreted self image and acts done by the person himself other than the society itself. Bodily orientation should be known n accepted completely.
Lakshika
Still in many countries it is illegal.. I don't know when will it change!
Prasuta
Sadly, that's true. Although evolutionary theorists believe that straight people who procreate should be more accepting of homosexuals since the latter cannot reproduce and hence do not pose competition for the heterosexuals. Homosexuals are also seen as more caring and family oriented.
Himshikha
The person become victimized with his\her wrong guidance n apply all relationship pattern.. That's why for self concept, one must visit psychologist. In normal cases, it is not required. Just accept oneself completely
Lakshika
It will take a lot of time for people to completely accept homosexuality but a lot of progress has already been made in the area which gives hope!
Himshikha
It is the basic nature of universe, if it snach u, it'll bestow u something else.!!! Equality rules smh
Lakshika
True!
Himshikha
hmm... But once I have searched in google. it showed the result that how two girls can reproduce without any male partner using skin cell technology.. Can anyone tell me whether it is correct information or not?
Prasuta
Skin cell? Do you mean stem cells?
Himshikha
May be.
Prasuta
hope is a powerful force
Richard
H. O. P. E Hold on, pain ends.
Martyna
👌👌
Prasuta
nice @Martina
Prasuta
I like that 😉
Richard
Why would it be a psychological disorder?
Katie
Can anyone suggest me how to cope up with such a situation, where most of the people (including family members) around will go against if anytime they come to know about it? How to fight with the society?
Prasuta
you can cope with it by not letting Society dictate what you believe or what you feel you decide
Richard
it should temporary not permanent.
Sandeep
Don't fight with anyone.!! Make peace inside n so outside... Basically.., accept urself n make an aroma at home to shw them tht homosexual one are very normal.. Like let them watch documentary on tht.. N society, nvr care abt it. Jst b urself!!!!!
Lakshika
Thanks
Prasuta
if you ever feel like you really need someone to talk to you can always call the crisis hotline 24/7
Richard
What is that? I did not get it. plz explain. @Richard
Prasuta
it's a hotline that anyone can call from everything from A to Z whether it's just needing someone to talk to or anything is there 24/7 there's nothing that you can talk about that we can't deal with
Richard
ok.. how to get in touch with that?
Prasuta
if it's not in your phone book and you can go online and look up the national crisis hotline from there it'll probably give you a location in your area to call it's a free number
Richard
if you go on the internet you can probably find them there they'll give you an 800 number to call and from there this should be a local number
Richard
ok...
Prasuta
They really can help you. I've been struggling in the last few years, and it helped.
Martyna
It'll be fine!!!! Dear.. Alwys accept n appreciate wht u r...
Lakshika
Yes...
Prasuta
not what you are..who you are 😀
Richard
yes... I hv got it. Thanks a lot
Prasuta
yes.. it should be the thing that I'm a human being and I can love anyone I want. This is what society needs to understand.
Prasuta
amen
Richard
Love and support to you, Prasuta xx
Himshikha
Thanks to all
Prasuta
I see people here they agree that it okay to have sex with a person from the same sex. Dear friends God created Adam and Eva how and the truth will stand strong forever that the same sex marriage is not allowed and it against nature. Be blessed all of you..
WILLIAM
Can your prove that there's a God and if you get to that, do let me know what he/she thinks about Two Adams or Two Eves getting together because honestly I'm dying to hear from this imaginary creature
Himshikha
a human existing, natural proof. such a complex being that creation is known. there needs to be a higher being to have created it
Braulio
Why did it take so long for this higher being to create Homo Sapiens when we know that Big Bang happened 3.5 billion years ago? What was the higher being doing in all the time in between? I suggest you to question the nature of reality and not take other people's word for it
Himshikha
don't go around raining on anyone's parade. God loves all its children, no matter who they have sex or who they decide to get married. Love is for everyone, even for people who decide to hurt others
Sofia
Don't give up on what u want @prasuta. I'm sure you will find ur place and some peace with it. don't give up so we make a world where the next generation doesn't have to worry about their sexuality like is a society problem.
Sofia
13.5 billion*
Himshikha
Sofia, it's honestly so refreshing to see people like you who do not use God to defend their own biases. Hope other people can understand that religion and acceptance of homosexuality can co- exist.
Himshikha
God, or known as Jehovah, has his own plans and has no one to report to. has no beginning and no end from when existed. could have been doing celestial or who knows what. the desire to have created could have came until when it did. when he decided to create it that was his desired time
Braulio
Seems like you're really confident about what you're talking about with your liberal use of the words "could have"
Himshikha
yes I am have strong faith in the Bible :). use the words "could have" since we do not have the full extent knowledge of his higher being thoughts or reasons
Braulio
of course, if God loves me with all my flaws, why would He/She love everyone else? why care about who am I sleeping with? I think there are more important things to focus in life. I really dislike people using God's name to preach hate. Everyone should be comfortable with who they love.
Sofia
And you have full proof of his existence? I respect your position but I can only consider your argument so long as you base them on facts and not a carefully orchestrated book.
Himshikha
because God is about Love, first and always
Sofia
Agreed, Sofia!
Himshikha
There are bigger things to worry about
Himshikha
Religion is about faith and never about facts. it will always draw out what is already in ur mind.
Sofia
I was asking that question to Braulio since he seems so convinced that God does not approve of homosexuality
Himshikha
So u can have hundred of different conversations with religious people because it always about their personality and their principles. Not God.
Sofia
yes true it is about faith. i base my beliefs on the Bible and that's how I have formed my principles and beliefs. The book was written over many years and it's just amazing how it is written all in harmony with the same thoughts. showing how God was the one inspiring the writers to give his msg
Braulio
I think is a self perspective feeling, if it is OK with you... go Whit it, if is not... just don't. somebody else's opinion it does not matter, you are the one who is living your life.
Dani
I am a woman who is married to a woman. We needed a fertility center to help us get pregnant. In the process, they found I had uterine cancer. I got my eggs out, formed embryos and then got cancer surgery. My wife was able to carry one of my frozen embryos and we have a 2 year old now.
Tara
My decision to marry my wife had nothing to do with me having a mental instability
Tara
William- without my wife, I would've never had the chance to meet or have my own children. My wife is a blessing
Tara
Prasuta- You should make some friends or make some small talk with people interested or involved in same sex relationships. I promise. we won't bite. We are humans with feelings, emotions and ambition. There is depression, anxiety and other mental illnesses in the "lgbt" community.
Tara
Just as there is in any other "community". . where there is struggle, there is pain and suffering. Where there is depression, there is happiness and enlightenment.
Tara
Where there are people, there are people in love. Human beings are vast in their desires, there life plans and adventures. Some choose to look at the light and see darkness surrounding the lgbt community out of hatred or disgust.
Tara
I assure you that we all have the same general wants to be successful, desired and feel accomplished.
Tara
The only struggle we struggle with is facing those who are against us. The vendetta inside those who hate and discriminate, were not born that way. This behavior is taught/learned at a later age. my daughter has 0 hate in her heart and I plan to keep it that way.
Tara
** One major struggle we have is the struggle with facing those who are against us**
Tara
Nice to see my discussion was dismissed. Prasuta- I hope you have found your answer.
Tara
good question. I'll try to answer. whatever reduces the amount of stress in your life would be a good thing. I hope that helps.
Menum724
hey so my bf suffers from anxiety and I guess depression too and he talks about death most of the time ..what am I supposed to say or do when he says he wants to die or will do something to hurt himself ( we can only text)
Imane
Tara your discussion is not dimissed.
Ronald
is your boyfriend seeing a therapist at all?
Richard
Imane- The sad part is that even if you encourage him or work your best to try to remove him from the place he is in, it may not help him. I would call a hotline to speak with a specialist on this matter. Is he willing to see a therapist/psychiatrist?
Tara
What form of self-destructive behavior is he involved in, if you know?
Tara
You don't have to share personal info. If you believe he is in great danger, you might have to explain to him that You're very concerned and worried about him and would advise him to seek some help if he hasn't.
Tara
Thanks @Sofia and @Himshikha for your support.
Prasuta
differences between general anxiety disorder and phobia
evans Reply
refer to D.S.M.
Rick
huge differences I would say between phobias vs a disorder
Rick
coming from someone who suffers from PTSD. i would say anxiety is different then phobias. although my phobia is snakes with causes a huge panic attack.
Betty
hi im.from Colombia i install this program but i dont underdtand this... is kind of a chat?
Gabriela
i just wanna learn psychology in english coz im psychologist already but is very interesting ... i just seee all this time this conversations and i dont understand
Gabriela
u can find people who know both Spanish n English
Anmol
phobia is a type of anxiety. It's an irrational, unreasonable fear of an object or situation. Common phobias may be fear of the heights, dark, fear of certain animals such as snakes or spiders, or fear of blood -- some people get frightened of having their blood drawn when they go to see their docto
Betty
Anmol Joy, thank you so much, and Betty thanks for your post.. blesses bye
Gabriela
np
Betty
Hello what causes over thinking pls ?
Binta
Anxiety and overthinking tend to be evil partners. One of the horrible hallmarks of any type of anxiety disorder is the tendency to overthink everything. The anxious brain is hypervigilant, always on the lookout for anything it perceives to be dangerous or worrisome. ... Because anxiety causes me to
Betty
hello what are the things to do or to learn to make mind controlled and powerful
hari
I agree
Richard
I saw the posting about phobias being irrational and unreasonable, I don't completely agree with that
Richard
unless you're referring to learned phobia
Richard
overthinking causes bad consequences in brain
Abid
the problem with the world is that the intelligent people are full of doubts, while the stupid people are full of confidence.
Captain
how can web help someone who fears spiders?
evans Reply
ummm..(?) place a decoy spider on it and expose ur self.. until you can endure the sight of real spider.
Princeed
How does selection relate to population divergence
Dixille Reply
Is this the only app edition? If so does it contain recent studies such as from 2015?
MsGTG Reply
I am going to look for it right now.
Melissa
lookbit up at google play store just time in i mind or whatever the series would be considerd.
Melissa
did you find anything out?
Zed
i have a question for you dear humans. What is the purpose of your life ?
Akando
Akando Evans are u not human
hari
or u dont know
hari
You're absolutely right.
Akando
I'm sorry but I am more than human. My life's purpose is to teach and lightworker
Rebecca
Only app edition of the one we are currently on if I'm not mistaken
Rebecca
Rebecca ? If you assume to be more than human, then i simply ask you. What is it like being just human ?
Akando
we are multi dementional beings having human experiences
Rebecca
ooooooo my life purpose is to learn and gain knowlege and gain something too
hari
multidimensional ? Interesting. Do elaborate and exemplify please.
Akando
can i ask u one thing Rebecca Lopez
hari
Rebecca ? If you assume to be more than human, then i simply ask you. What is it like being human ?
Akando
Humans do have lot of responsibilities and some productive work to do Alien Akando... They can't spend whole time for some useless explanations..
sunny
Take a minute, and observe the ironical paradox in your message. I will wait.
Akando
do any one believe that humans are stronger and powerfull than any creature in the all dimensions i do . do any one believe?
hari
Yes I do believe humans possess immeasurable power within, I'm Len Allen
Len
is this edition good for graduate study?
MsGTG
nice tomeet u len allen do u believe humans have some natural powrrs
hari
i want yo know is it posdiable ot not
hari
possible
hari
I believe we all possess natural powers that are in fact supernatural supported by theory that infanete power can be dirived from the unknown
Captain
does telekinesis possible to learn or not
hari
telekinesis is possible to learn with a clear mind and being zen with the planet orbital sun and the third eye
Captain
what is meant by being zen with the planet orbital sun and the third eye
hari
in reality you must focus on the object for 10 mins and try to focus how you want to shape it and bend it with your mind
Captain
and tai chi hpnoticesv tele kinesis is these are possible to human being and controlling others mind is posdible if possible.' what things should we get mastry before learning these please say
hari
where are you from?
Captain
y u asked that
hari
india
hari
because the knowledge is out there if you seek it, it is there
Captain
I only ask because India is a country that knows alot of the mysteries you seek
Captain
reallly what u said i did not understand once say again please i want to know about it
hari
where arr u from
hari
please help me in getting knowledge
hari
share ur knowledge
hari
I'm in the United States
Captain
ok what r the bacis we need to learn before to learn telekiness etc
hari
ok please share knowledge captain nemo
hari
Guys, can anyone please suggest books to read statistics and research methodology for psychology? These are tricky topics for me so kindly share books which are easy to understand, thanks!
Himshikha
hi sharma did u get any philosophy book
hari
Nope!
Himshikha
are u a ug student ?
vishav
Yes!
Himshikha
I need it for preparation of entrance of MA Applied Psychology
Himshikha
oooo nice group all the best if u got please share me
hari
ohh! I thought u need it for ug exams ..still i'll ask my professor for the book.
vishav
Thanks so much! Are you an undergraduate student?
Himshikha
sss how u know
hari
I was asking Vishav. Are you too?
Himshikha
sss
hari
i m also looking for admission in MA PSYCHOLOGY but in our state there is no subjective test for enterance..there is common aptitude test
vishav
Oh I see, you could share the books you read in your UG
Himshikha
yeah ! himshikha just completed my last semester
vishav
Oh great! What did you refer to for stats?
Himshikha
honesty ! I studied from YouTube
vishav
That's even better! Could you share the channel?
Himshikha
I just need to clear my concepts
Himshikha
would you tell your topics
vishav
All the basic statistical methods used in Psychology
Himshikha
mean ,median mode .. correlation
vishav
?
vishav
Yeah, standard deviation, variance, ANOVA, F test, T test etc
Himshikha
wait a sec
vishav
okay
Himshikha
I used to love statistics n i really want to help you with it
vishav
I'll ask my professor tomorrow for the book
vishav
Thank you so much! I'll wait for your message :)
Himshikha
here stats mean maths or psychology
hari
I think I know what what Sharma is referring to. Refer to this book "Statistics in Psychology and Education" by Henry E. Garrett It covers everything. Standard deviation, ANOVA, Z and T tests, Chi Square, Yates Correction and NDC.
Pranav
Thanks Pranav! Is it easy to understand? I have no background in Statistics and didn't have Mathematics in my 11th-12th and Graduation
Himshikha
That's my only concern 😅
Himshikha
I'm a Psychology student. That's basically what we have in stats.
Pranav
It's easy, yes!
Pranav
AUTHOR'S T.R JAIN AND V.K OHRI BOOK NAME IS STATISTICS FOR ECONOMICS
vishav
It's a scoring subject. Quite useful for research purposes.
Pranav
Thank you so much, Pranav!
Himshikha
Can you suggest one for research methodology as well?
Himshikha
Thank you so much, Vishav! I'll check that out as well!
Himshikha
I'm not into research but I will check and get back to you.
Pranav
Oh no, just the basics! I'm talking about experimentation, observation method, quasi experiment and the like that we study in psychology. I know what these are and just looking for a book that'll provide me with a little bit of depth.
Himshikha
wait till tomorrow.. bye 🙏
vishav
Okay, bye!
Himshikha
hey
janneth
Hi
Colay
wow
Mike
guys can u plz tell me the pros and cons of taking psychiatry as a career plz
mubii
hey
Patrick
the pros you would be helping people mentally. the con do not do it if you do not like intriverts
Captain
captain nemo help me in getting my mind sharp
hari
I'm too afraid of things and I over think about them too much ,which lags me behind and suppresses my confidence level how to overcome this
Rajesh Reply
face your fears
Binta
I started giving time for myself and learning not to give a Crap
Dana
You should live the moment and just do it pretty much. Your fears will just hold u back
Dana
does meditating helps me
Rajesh
be confident with yourself. you are beautiful and perfect.
janneth
yes. at least, take some quiet time and enjoy yourself. believe that you can do anything.
janneth
Meditating can help too :)
Dana
3,9,6 Tesla
Keith
find the origin of problem...why you get scared..
Muhammad
confidence level just doesn't increase on its own. first you have to accomplish something, anything big or small doesn't matter. after that your confidence increases, then try doing things that gives you fear, not everything together, in small parts.
Akarui
it may take time but this confidence is alot more true than the confidence some people fake to hide their insecurity.
Akarui
people in glass houses shouldn't throw stones, sure it's an old proverb
Keith
remember the great fllood
Keith
?
Keith
truth will set you free, don't quote me ... somebody else far wiser knew the power of voice & voices
Keith
check out Niney the observer ... Mix up song
Keith
is there anyone addicted to mast.?
Su Reply
Do anyone have solution to get rid of it?
Su
Mast?
Dana
anyone watched Dr Jordan Peterson lectures?
Keith Reply
no, what are they about
Himshikha
there's many , search a short clip of his interview on channel 4 uk
Keith
okay
Himshikha
jordan Peterson is fab! I'm in the middle of putting together a comparative models presentation and we chose the subject of fairy tales to demonstrate this .. in particular carl jungs analytical theory and petersons lectures have been invaluable ... Peterson is well worth watching! .. love him!!
Kimmie
Hello, this is the first time I join this, please give me some advice for this. Thank yiu very much!
O.P.S.S Reply
throw it out there
Keith
music expression of truth tales
Keith
***youtu.be/uYpgsPB-Bkw
Keith
I'm new and I have no idea how these chats work 😂
Dana
start with the being or beginning? no pressure ... I've not clue either
Keith
I still haven't used this app yet to be honest
Dana
😉
Vanessa
haha
Keith
ok are people waking up?
Keith
same here but am still learning
sekele
overcoming anxiety, is it possible?
Dawn Reply
Definitely!
Shuaijun
quelling your caring to social issues
Keith
emotional intelligence
Keith
think it's David Coleman book
Keith
social change without going to far left & equally too far right
Keith
anxiety is a feeling causse to us it problem to co trol it but if u controled u r mind u can do it
hari
increasing your levels of confidence by different means like trying out small tasks n completing it nicely....making friends and joining social gatherings can reduce ua anxiety level
Anmol
please translate in Hindi
Kanchan Reply
what you need to translate in hindi
Ravi
😂
Anmol
what this all about
Fahad
idk. i don't need 2 translate anything.
Vanessa
can someone tell me what is extremes of intelligence
Pralay
why?.. you don't know the answer it what 😂
Pralay
hormones and vitamin levels can affect our thoughts and behavior though. Right?
Kenan Reply
yes
Himshikha
everything we ate affects us.
Whatever
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Source:  OpenStax, "pan" and literacy for trinidad and tobago teachers. OpenStax CNX. Mar 09, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10460/1.14
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