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The findings of the study also help to make suggestions for further research. The fact is that no specified syllabus is designed for speaking ability teaching at TNU and the same circumstance for the other three subjects – listening, reading and writing. Therefore, testing of the other abilities is really problematic, and this kind of research is necessary to increase the quality of the training program of the English Section as well as of the institution as a whole. Areas of research should be concerned with development of tests of the other abilities or skills, and development of syllabuses for teaching of all the four skills or abilities.

In conclusion, the study will hopefully be taken in account during the process of oral test development of TNU staff – test designers or teachers, assessors or examiners as well as test administrators. However, one limitation of this thesis is that the researcher has been unable to find out the method of quantifying the results gathered from the survey of the staff’s perceptions of oral language testing.

References

Alderson, J. C., Clapham, C.&Wall, C. (1995). Language test construction and evaluation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bachman, L. F. (1990). Fundamental considerations in language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bachman, L. F&Palmer, A. S. (1996). Language testing in practice: Designing and developing useful language tests. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

BEC – Business English Certificates Handbook (Revised syllabus). University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.

Brown, H. D. (1994). Principles of language learning and teaching. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents.

Brown, H. D.&Gonzo, S. (1995). Readings on second language acquisition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Brown, G.&Yule, G. (1983). Teaching the spoken language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Butler, F. A. et al (2000). TOEFL 2000 speaking framework: A working paper. (TOEFL Monograph Series Report No. 20). Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

Catt, C. (2003). IELTS Speaking: Preparation and practice. London: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M.&Olshtain, E. (2000). Discourse and context in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, A. D. (1996). Assessing language ability in the classroom. Massachusetts: Heinle&Heinle Publishers.

Davies, P. (2000). Success in English teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gillham, B. (2000). Developing a questionnaire. London and New York: Continuum.

Heaton, J. B. (1988). Writing English language tests. New York: Longman.

Heaton, J. B. (1990). Classroom testing. New York: Longman.

Hughes, A. (1989). Testing for language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Madsen, H. S. (1983). Techniques in testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Metre, D. V. (2003). Let’s talk – Testing packet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McNamara, T. (2000). Language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nachmias, C. F.&Nachmias, D. (1996). Research methods in social sciences. New York: Oxford University Press.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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