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Thirdly, as shown in Table 4.7, for Question 3 option (a) has been selected by only 4 subjects, which means that the majority are able to realize the need to include more than one task or elicitation technique in a test of overall speaking ability as discussed in 2.3.2 (Chapter 2). However, in their selection of proper elicitation techniques or tasks for each level, they reveal their inability to recognize the difficulty level of the given elicitation techniques according to communicative stress (Figure 2.1 – Chapter 2), particularly the difficulty of the tasks themselves. To prove this, as shown in Table 4.8, only 2 out of 12 subjects have chosen (d) (the correct answer) for the first level and (c) (the correct answer) for the second level while 6 subjects have chosen (g) (the wrong answer) for the first level.

Besides, this failure is more strongly confirmed by the information gathered from Question 5. As shown in Table 4.9, only 2 out of 12 subjects have chosen (e) (the correct answer) for the first level, 3 have chosen (d) (the correct answer) for the second level, and 2 have chosen (h) (the correct answer) for the third level whereas up to 9 of them have chosen (c) (the wrong answer) for the second level, and 10 have chosen (d) (the wrong answer) for the third level. This result suggests that most of TNU English teaching staff are unable to recognize the difficulty level based on the relationship within each specified task as mentioned in 2.1 (Chapter 2).

Fourthly, as regards all the steps to be sufficiently considered in the development process of speaking tests as described in 2.4 (Chapter 2), only half of the subjects (6/12) have selected option (e) (Table 4.10), and the other options have not been chosen by all the subjects. This partly reveals the subjects’ incomplete grasp of language test development. As shown in Table 4.7 (Question 3), there is a great agreement on combining more than one kind of elicitation techniques in a test of overall speaking ability (8 subjects/12). However, in relation to the requirements in the development process of a speaking test, half of them have failed to recognize the importance of identifying the number of test tasks or elicitation techniques included in a speaking test.

Lastly, concerning the usefulness of the oral tests in use at TNU, 10 out of 12 subjects, as revealed in Table 4.11 (Question 7), do not entirely believe that their marks given on the students’ oral test performance could reveal the students’ actual speaking ability. These 10 teachers have all chosen option (a), as shown in Table 4.12, which implies that in most of the oral tests the students were informed of the topics or test questions during the class time, and they were well prepared for what they were going to speak before the real tests actually occurred. Such speaking tests can thus be said to lack authenticity, defined as ‘the degree of correspondence of the characteristics of a given language test task to a target language use task’ (Bachman&Palmer, 1996, p. 23), because they do not represent real life language use. Therefore, many of the teachers (7/10) think that the elicitation techniques commonly used in most of the tests are unable to elicit the students’ actual speaking ability (option c). In addition, half of them (5/10) have selected the other two reasons for their low confidence in their own given marks. For the first reason, perhaps they think the students could even guess and prepare what they could be asked about as in many cases the topics or test questions were given beforehand. For the second reason, they have had no specified assessment criteria or guideline to base their marking on as described in 4.1.1. As a result, they have had to ‘design’ their own criteria.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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