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The questionnaire consists of 10 questions, 8 of which are used to elicit the teaching staff’s perceptions of oral testing. These 8 questions are developed based on the theory in oral language testing reviewed in Chapter 2. The other two concern the staff’s working experience, and their qualifications in language testing. The questions are as follows:

Questions 1 and 2 relate to the functions of spoken language and the communicative approach to measuring speaking skill.

Questions 3 and 4 relate to oral test types and elicitation techniques used in a test of speaking ability.

Question 5 relates to grading test tasks and validity.

Question 6 relates to the design and operationalization process of oral tests, and reliability.

Questions 7 and 8 relate to reliability of a test.

In general, questions 1 to 8 are close questions, and questions 9&10 are open-ended.

For questions 1 and 2, the respondents are required to arrange the options according to their level of priority. Question 3 requires 1 out of 4 options. Questions 4 and 5 require the respondents to tick the level(s) of language proficiency that the elicitation techniques and particular questions fit. Question 6 and question 8 allow more than one choice. For question 7, the respondents are required to choose 1 out of 3 options.

Questions 9 and 10 are meant to investigate possible sources of the differences in the subjects’ perceptions of oral language testing.

3.3 procedures

The study meant to investigate TNU current oral language testing practices involves two steps. Firstly, the reseacher analysed the development process of speaking tests at this institution from School Year 1998-1999 (,when the researcher started working at this institution,) up to now. The current practices are evaluated in order to point out the strengths and weaknesses based on Bachman and Palmer’s theoretical framework for test development reviewed in 2.3 (Chapter 2).

To ensure the reliability of the information from the analysis, one end-of-term speaking test was observed and tape-recorded. The information from this observation is particularly meant to confirm the evaluation of the test operationalization and administration stages. The test under observation was used for the second-year students at the end of Term 2 - School Year 2002-2003 (See Appendix 2). This test was administered in the morning on June 25th, 2003 at TNU. 10 students were chosen at random to be audio-recorded. Their performance was recorded in a tape and then transcribed (See the tapescript in Appendix 3).

There were 60 test takers altogether, and they were divided into 3 groups of 20 in 3 separate rooms. However, because of the time limitation and the simultaneity of the 3 groups, only 10 of them were chosen at random for recording. Each group was conducted by 2 assessors. The students drew lots for the test task or topic to prepare for 5 to 10 minutes before performing it. The test consisted of 8 topics altogether (See Appendix 2). Both the assessors and the students were unaware of being recorded.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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