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The questionnaire consists of 10 questions, 8 of which are used to elicit the teaching staff’s perceptions of oral testing. These 8 questions are developed based on the theory in oral language testing reviewed in Chapter 2. The other two concern the staff’s working experience, and their qualifications in language testing. The questions are as follows:

Questions 1 and 2 relate to the functions of spoken language and the communicative approach to measuring speaking skill.

Questions 3 and 4 relate to oral test types and elicitation techniques used in a test of speaking ability.

Question 5 relates to grading test tasks and validity.

Question 6 relates to the design and operationalization process of oral tests, and reliability.

Questions 7 and 8 relate to reliability of a test.

In general, questions 1 to 8 are close questions, and questions 9&10 are open-ended.

For questions 1 and 2, the respondents are required to arrange the options according to their level of priority. Question 3 requires 1 out of 4 options. Questions 4 and 5 require the respondents to tick the level(s) of language proficiency that the elicitation techniques and particular questions fit. Question 6 and question 8 allow more than one choice. For question 7, the respondents are required to choose 1 out of 3 options.

Questions 9 and 10 are meant to investigate possible sources of the differences in the subjects’ perceptions of oral language testing.

3.3 procedures

The study meant to investigate TNU current oral language testing practices involves two steps. Firstly, the reseacher analysed the development process of speaking tests at this institution from School Year 1998-1999 (,when the researcher started working at this institution,) up to now. The current practices are evaluated in order to point out the strengths and weaknesses based on Bachman and Palmer’s theoretical framework for test development reviewed in 2.3 (Chapter 2).

To ensure the reliability of the information from the analysis, one end-of-term speaking test was observed and tape-recorded. The information from this observation is particularly meant to confirm the evaluation of the test operationalization and administration stages. The test under observation was used for the second-year students at the end of Term 2 - School Year 2002-2003 (See Appendix 2). This test was administered in the morning on June 25th, 2003 at TNU. 10 students were chosen at random to be audio-recorded. Their performance was recorded in a tape and then transcribed (See the tapescript in Appendix 3).

There were 60 test takers altogether, and they were divided into 3 groups of 20 in 3 separate rooms. However, because of the time limitation and the simultaneity of the 3 groups, only 10 of them were chosen at random for recording. Each group was conducted by 2 assessors. The students drew lots for the test task or topic to prepare for 5 to 10 minutes before performing it. The test consisted of 8 topics altogether (See Appendix 2). Both the assessors and the students were unaware of being recorded.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
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I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
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I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
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oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
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what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
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a perfect square v²+2v+_
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algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
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No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
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J, combine like terms 7x-4y
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how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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types of nano material
abeetha Reply
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what is system testing?
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
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can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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