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2.4.1 level scale

The explicit classification of test takers’ language knowledge levels helps to grade test tasks according to the communicative stress. It is displayed on a formal document including established ‘criterion levels of oral language proficiency based on the goals and objectives of classroom instruction’ (O’Malley&Pierce, 1996, p.65). This document, called a level scale or rating scale by Underhill (1987), is a series of short descriptions of different levels of language ability in terms of test takers’ or students’ language knowledge. It describes in brief what a typical learner at each level can do so that teachers and assessors can analytically select or grade test tasks that best fit each level, and can easily decide on the score to give each student in a test.

The following is an example of a level scale with four major levels (Table 2.1 on page 17) based on the level scale introduced in ‘Hệ thống Định chuẩn Trình độ Ngoại ngữ’ của Hội đồng Châu Âu by Vũ Thị Phương Anh and Nguyễn Thị Kim Thư (2003).

Elementary Pre-intermediate Intermediate Upper-intermediate
-introduce oneself and others.-ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.-interact in a simple way provided that the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.-use very simple expressions related to areas of the most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic family information, shopping, local geography, employment). -communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.-dsecribe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.-simply talk about familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. -use the language in most situations likely to arise when travelling in an area where the language is spoken.-make a simple connected presentation on topics which are familiar or of personal interest.-describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions.-briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. -interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers without strain for either party.-make a clear and detailed presentation on a wide range of subjects.-give opinions on topical issues and explain the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Table 2.1: Level Scale of Language Proficiency Based on the Global Scale by Council of Europe

2.4.2 oral test types and elicitation techniques

When test takers’ proficiency level is explicitly identified on the level scale, adequate oral test types and proper elicitation techniques must be critically selected to fit the test takers’ level and the testing situation. This sub-section reviews types of oral test in combination with elicitation techniques of this kind of testing, for these two aspects have an interrelated relationship. An elicitation technique involves the procedures of performance for each test task, and a test task itself represents a test type.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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