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Although we do not communicate by means of such sophisticated technology as that which was used on board the space station, we can also “link up” with our friends through the telephone and if we’re fortunate enough, through e-mail.

Role-play the following situations with one of your classmates:

  • Make a telephone call to your friend to ask him/her to explain how to get to a certain shopping mall. He/she must explain clearly, so that you can write down the directions. Unfortunately the line is rather bad, so he/she will have to repeat some of the directions.
  • You are in a restaurant with friends. Your friend phones you on your cellular phone. Bearing in mind the principles of telephone etiquette, act out what you would do in such circumstances. Have a conversation with your friend that lasts for about one minute.
  • Make a phone call to your father’s office. He is not available, so you have to leave a message with his secretary to ask whether he can fetch your bicycle from the repair shop.

What is the term is that is used for newly-created words ?

  1. What does “to coin a word/phrase/expression” mean?
  2. See how many such “new” words you can write down. To find them, read the newspapers, magazines and listen to the radio or even to your friends as they speak. Television programmes could also be useful.
LO 3.1 LO 3.4 LO 3.6
LO 3.8 LO 6.8


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
LISTENINGThe learner will be able to listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 listens for specific information;
1.4 listens actively in a discussion.
LO 2
SPEAKINGThe learner will be able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.
We know this when the learner:
2.1 translates;
2.2 interacts in additional language.
LO 3
READING AND VIEWINGThe learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 reads a text (fiction or non-fiction);
3.2 understands in a simple way some elements of poetry (e.g. simile, rhyme, alteration, personification), and understands some of the terms used to describe these elements (e.g. personification);
3.4 reads for information;
3.6 uses reading strategies;
3.8 shows some understanding of how refenece books work.
LO 4
WRITINGThe learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.
We know this when the learner:
4.5 designs media texts;
4.6 treats writing as a process;
4.7 uses developing knowledge of language structure and use.
LO 5
THINKING AND REASONINGThe learner is able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language and literacy across the curriculum;
5.2 uses language for thinking;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways.
LO 6
LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USEThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.1 revises the grammar learned in the earlier grades;
6.3 extends use of prepositions, determiners, adjectives and adverbs;
6.6 understnads and uses the first conditional (e.g. ‘If the lens is dirty, the camera won’t work.’);
6.7 uses some language to talk about language (metalanguage – terms such as verb, noun, adverb, adjective);
6.8 explains vocabulary (e.g. by working with word families: happy, unhappy, happiness, unhappiness, happily).


Activity 1

(a) a young unmarried man who is considered to be a good “catch” in terms of marriage

(b) a “young upwardly mobile professional person”, i.e. one who has a promising career and is making quite a lot of money

(c) see b.

(d) He / she has become arrogant or conceited about his / her success.

(e) Nerd: a dull and bookish person; usually a male.

(f) Cool: good, excellent. (Depending on context it could also mean mellow.)

(g) Dishy: very handsome

(h) Any five words of their own.

(i) Electronic trading, i.e. buy and selling via the Internet

(j) It sounds like “thought”, so the implication is that the intellect is involved.

(k) Any suitable adjective

Activity 3


(a) Role-play

(b) Conversation

(c) Message


(a) Astronaut and cosmonaut both mean “space traveller”, but

astronaut is American (eng.) and cosmonaut is used for Russian space travellers.

(b) Afronaut is a neologism meaning an astronaut or cosmonaut from Africa.

(c) As in b), but playfully suggesting the space traveller is a “Boer”.

3. neologism

4. own new words

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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