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Learners who are emotionally and socially immature have difficulty with adjusting to the classroom situation and with participating actively. They struggle to control their emotions, are often quarrelsome, are unwilling to take on new things and work in groups, and may withdraw. To develop self-confidence and to be able to learn effectively, they need a secure learner-centred and stimulating environment where they will be challenged to learn.

Examples of activities:

  • Provide the child with an example by showing that you respect the feelings, beliefs and culture of others.
  • Accentuate the child’s positive character traits and help him / her to deal with aggression and negative feelings and develop self-assurance.
  • Therefore: let the child realise that, although wrong actions / behaviour is not acceptable, he / she will still be accepted as a person.
  • Encourage group games and participation in such games.
  • COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT problem solving skills

(Cognitive skills are thinking skills that enable effective learning.)

Problem solving skills

Guide the child to identify problems and to find solutions to problems through creative and critical thinking. Grade R educators offer challenges to their learners to motivate them to realise their full potential and develop into people that think critically and creatively as problem solvers.

  • PERCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT (Perception is the accurate observation, organisation and interpretation of information transmitted from the senses to the brain.)

The stimulation of visual and auditory perceptual skills is important in the case of the preschool child, because these skills form the prerequisites for effective learning.

  • VISUAL PERCEPTION (the accurate observation, organisation and interpretation of information transmitted from the eyes to the brain.)
  • Body image (a person’s awareness and experience of his or her own body)

Examples of activities:

  • Instructions, e.g. place your hand on your knee, etc.
  • Identifying parts of the body with regard to a doll
  • Tracing the hands on paper and cutting out the images
  • Puzzles representing the body (children could create these themselves by cutting out pictures)
  • Visual discrimination (the ability to discriminate between similarities and differences)

Examples of activities:

  • Old magazines – let the child, for instance, circle all the s’s and r’s
  • Bingo / Lotto games (finding the corresponding number)
  • Visual memory (the ability to remember stimuli perceived with the eyes)

Examples of activities:

  • Arrange 6 objects on a tray – let the child observe them for about 3 seconds – cover the objects – ask the child to name what was seen – remove 1 object – ask what is missing.
  • Flash picture – ask child to tell what was seen.
  • Audibloks visual cards
  • Visual constancy (the ability to recognise that the consistency of shapes in space remains the same, despite their orientation, size, colour, texture, etc.)

Examples of activities:

  • Games involving shapes, e.g. Lotto
  • Selecting and naming corresponding shapes
  • Associating shapes with objects, e.g. O (watch),  (matchbox)
  • Position in space (the perception of the relationship of an object with regard to the viewer)

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how to synthesize TiO2 nanoparticles by chemical methods
Zubear
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Grade r - a learning programme. OpenStax CNX. Nov 03, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11135/1.1
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