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    Physics phds awarded in the u.s. over 28 years to minority women (1976 through 2003)

  • 35 African American Women earned PhDs
  • 57 Hispanic Women earned PhDs
  • Between 1997 and 2003, there was an average of fewer than three Hispanic women and fewer than three African American women earning PhDs in Physics in the U.S. each year –currently there are more than 1200 PhDs awarded in Physics each year

1994 letter to the APS from Anthony Johnson calling for increased minorities.

8th annual conference of black physics students (1994)

8th Annual Conference of Black Physics Students (1994)

“Cultivating a field of dreams among a minority at NJIT” by Caroline Brewer, Sunday Bergen Record April 30, 2000, Living Section, page 1-3.

Anthony Johnson explaining a laser setup with other African-American students surrounding him.

Highlighted quote: I see no reason for a committee on women in physics. There are only two women in physics and I know them both and they are both very happy.

Memorandum to the Board of Directors from the Ad Hoc Group on Women and Minorities.

A memorandum to Bell Laboratories in which Anthony Johnson urges recruitment of four black candidates.

Headline: OSA Past President Brings Lasers to Summer Camp. Pictures Anthony Johnson with middle schoolers around a laser setup.

From the President, OPN January 2002

I remember that first committee assignment very well because it had an ignominious beginning for me. At the time I was one of a very small number of African-American optics researchers. During my first committee meeting, another committee member assumed I was in the room to serve coffee! There are a number of ways I might have reacted to this, but the incidence gave me pause for thought. I came to realize that, ironically, I owed this individual a debt of gratitude because that incident made me resolve to be a strong contributing member of the optics community. I'm not saying I appreciated the very insulting remark, but it ignited in me a passion for excellent science and service (the scientific-community kind, not the coffee kind). Since then, the OSA has become a more inclusive and diverse organization, such that we are foremost among scientific societies in our efforts to reach out to women and minorities. Most recently, for example, I had the pleasure of attending a lively "Women in OSA" session at our Annual Meeting.

Physics career awards at new jersey institute of technology (njit)

  • Five CAREER Awards were granted to junior faculty during my 8-year term as Department Chair (1/95-1/03)
  • 14-years in the Research Division of AT&T Bell Laboratories, now Lucent (8/81-1/95)
  • Industrial research background with a natural tendency toward interdisciplinary research impacted departmental decisions
  • As Department Chair I made an attempt to create an environment in which junior faculty members could thrive and contribute to the research and scholarly activities of the department
  • I hired 5 faculty members during my 8-year tenure as Department Chair and 4 have gone on to receive NSF CAREER Awards –the 5this doing fine, and is now a Full Professor

Mentoring new faculty: advice to department chairs marjorie olmstead, univ. of washington (aug. 1993 cswp gazette)

  • Make the expectations and criteria for promotion clear
  • Facilitate the acquisition of resources to meet these expectations
    • the chair and other mentors should serve both as sources of information and as advocates
  • Give frequent and accurate feedback
  • Reduce the impediments to progress towards promotion
    • protect women and minority faculty from the demands of “tokenism”
    • be aware of dual-career issues
    • keep an eye on the faculty who opposed the initial appointment

Hiring philosophy

  • Only interested in faculty that will enhance the department and are clearly destined for promotion and tenure–otherwise a waist of time and effort
  • Faculty candidate would meet with both the Search Committee and the P&T Committee–I would not hire a candidate that didn’t have unanimous support from P&T
  • Each junior faculty member would be assigned a senior faculty member as a mentor– critical !
  • Full time teaching load is 12 hours
    • Junior faculty guaranteed ½time load for first two years–typically 2-sections of introductory physics
  • Protect junior faculty from onerous committee assignments
  • At P&T Committee meetings the progress of junior faculty would be discussed
    • expectations and criteria for promotion and tenure conveyed
  • Research and teaching collaboration is encouraged –team teaching in some instances
  • Senior faculty and the Chair work closely with the junior faculty to help prepare CAREER nomination
  • The Chair can help set the tone for the Department
    • attempting to set a collaborative tone among the faculty can be attributed to my Bell Labs “upbringing”
  • Perhaps the comradery and consensus that I observed at NJIT is made possible because a relatively small Physics faculty of 20

Career highlights

  • 1974 Bell Labs Summer Research Program for Minorities&Women
  • 1975 Bell Labs Cooperative Research Fellowship to pursue a PhD in Physics
    • Course work at CCNY
    • Thesis work at Bell Labs, Murray Hill, NJ
  • 1981 PhD in Physics -- CCNY/Bell Labs
    • 1 of 4 African-Americans to receive a PhD in Physics in 1981
  • 1981 Member of Technical Staff, Bell Labs, Holmdel, NJ
  • 1988 Distinguished Member of Technical Staff, Bell Labs
  • 1989-1995 Ultrafast Optical Phenomena Topical Editor of Optics Letters
  • 1995-2001 Editor-in-Chief of Optics Letters
  • 2003 Director, Center for Advanced Studies in Photonics Research (CASPR), University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC)
    • Professor of Physics
    • Professor of Computer Science&Electrical Engineering (CSEE)
  • Fellow
    • OSA (1991)
    • NSBP (1992)
    • APS (1995)
    • AAAS (1996)
    • IEEE (2000)
  • Member, NAS Committee on AMO2010–Decadal Assessment and Outlook Report on Atomic, Molecular and Optical (AMO) Science (05-06)
  • 1988 Program Co-Chair, Conference on Lasers&Electro-Optics (CLEO)
  • 1989 Chair/Host of the 12th Annual Meeting of the National Society of Black Physicists at Bell Labs in Holmdel, NJ
    • Conference costs covered by Bell Labs Vice President for Research Arno Penzias, ONR and LLNL
  • 1990 Conference Co-Chair of CLEO
  • 1992-1993 Chair, APS Committee on Minorities in Physics
  • 1995-2003 Chair and Professor of Physics, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT)
  • 2002 President of the 15,000 member Optical Society of America (OSA)

1986 ultrafast phenomena conference, denver, co

White-water rafting

Sunday ny times, march 6, 1994

A white business man asks 'So how come you people are still so angry?' of a black man at a desk who's nameplate says 'Our Black Person'.

Sunday ny times, june 22, 1997

Black man sits at a booth that says 'The Black Man Is In' and offers talks about race for $10.

Anthony Johnson and his two children

Anthony Johnson protests the OSA holding its meeting in South Carolina, which refused at the time to remove the Confederate flag from the capitol building.

Journal of engineering education, january 2005

Percentages of women and minority faculty members, 2001-2003: women range between 9-10%; African-American 2%; Hispanic 3%; Asian 15-20%

At&T bell laboratories cooperative research fellowship program (1972-1992)

A Twenty Year Review conducted by the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME) CRFP Fellows compared to U.S. total minority degrees. Electrical Engineering 22:154, Physics 16:150, Chemistry 8:643, Chemical Engineering 4:88, Total 50:1135

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, 2007 nsf advance workshop: negotiating the ideal faculty position. OpenStax CNX. Feb 01, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10637/1.1
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