Is rotational kinetic energy a vector? Justify your answer.
No, energy is always scalar whether motion is involved or not. No form of energy has a direction in space and you can see that rotational kinetic energy does not depend on the direction of motion just as linear kinetic energy is independent of the direction of motion.
Section summary
Angular momentum
$L$ is analogous to linear momentum and is given by
$L=\mathrm{I\omega}$ .
Angular momentum is changed by torque, following the relationship
$\text{net}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\tau =\frac{\text{\Delta}L}{\text{\Delta}t}.$
Angular momentum is conserved if the net torque is zero
$L=\text{constant}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\left(\text{net}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\tau =\text{0}\right)$ or
$L=L\prime \phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\left(\text{net}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\tau =0\right)$ . This equation is known as the law of conservation of angular momentum, which may be conserved in collisions.
Conceptual questions
Describe two different collisions—one in which angular momentum is conserved, and the other in which it is not. Which condition determines whether or not angular momentum is conserved in a collision?
Suppose an ice hockey puck strikes a hockey stick that lies flat on the ice and is free to move in any direction. Which quantities are likely to be conserved: angular momentum, linear momentum, or kinetic energy (assuming the puck and stick are very resilient)?
While driving his motorcycle at highway speed, a physics student notices that pulling back lightly on the right handlebar tips the cycle to the left and produces a left turn. Explain why this happens.
Problems&Exercises
Repeat
[link] in which the disk strikes and adheres to the stick 0.100 m from the nail.
Repeat
[link] in which the disk originally spins clockwise at 1000 rpm and has a radius of 1.50 cm.
Twin skaters approach one another as shown in
[link] and lock hands. (a) Calculate their final angular velocity, given each had an initial speed of 2.50 m/s relative to the ice. Each has a mass of 70.0 kg, and each has a center of mass located 0.800 m from their locked hands. You may approximate their moments of inertia to be that of point masses at this radius. (b) Compare the initial kinetic energy and final kinetic energy.
(a) 3.13 rad/s
(b) Initial KE = 438 J, final KE = 438 J
Suppose a 0.250-kg ball is thrown at 15.0 m/s to a motionless person standing on ice who catches it with an outstretched arm as shown in
[link] .
(a) Calculate the final linear velocity of the person, given his mass is 70.0 kg.
(b) What is his angular velocity if each arm is 5.00 kg? You may treat the ball as a point mass and treat the person's arms as uniform rods (each has a length of 0.900 m) and the rest of his body as a uniform cylinder of radius 0.180 m. Neglect the effect of the ball on his center of mass so that his center of mass remains in his geometrical center.
(c) Compare the initial and final total kinetic energies.
Repeat
[link] in which the stick is free to have translational motion as well as rotational motion.
(a) 1.70 rad/s
(b) Initial KE = 22.5 J, final KE = 2.04 J
(c)
$1\text{.}\text{50 kg}\cdot \text{m/s}$
Questions & Answers
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field .
1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc
2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc
3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc.
and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change .
maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.