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The height of a trapezoid is 7 centimeters and the bases are 4.6 and 7.4 centimeters. What is the area?

42 sq. cm

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The height of a trapezoid is 9 meters and the bases are 6.2 and 7.8 meters. What is the area?

63 sq. m

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Vinny has a garden that is shaped like a trapezoid. The trapezoid has a height of 3.4 yards and the bases are 8.2 and 5.6 yards. How many square yards will be available to plant?


Step 1. Read the problem. Draw the figure and label it with the given information. .
Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. the area of a trapezoid
Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. Let A = the area
Step 4. Translate.
Write the appropriate formula.

Step 5. Solve the equation. .
Step 6. Check: Is this answer reasonable?
Yes. The area of the trapezoid is less than the area of a rectangle with a base of 8.2 yd and height 3.4 yd, but more than the area of a rectangle with base 5.6 yd and height 3.4 yd.
This image is a table with two rows. the first row is split into three columns. The first column is the formula Area of a rectangle equals base times height. On the next line under this it has numbers plugged into the formula; the base, 8.2 in parentheses times the height 3.4 in parentheses. Under this is it has “equals 27.88 yards squared”. The center column includes the formula of a trapezoid and says Area of a trapezoid equals one half times 3.5 yards in parentheses times 5.8 plus 8.2 in parentheses. Under this it has “equals 23.46 yards squared”. In the third column it it has the formula the area of a rectangle equals base times height. Under this it has equals 5.6 in parentheses times 3.4 in parentheses. Under this it has “equals 19.04 yards squared.” In the second row, centered from left to right it has “Area of a rectangle” and a “greater than” sign, “Area of a trapezoid” and a greater than sign and “area of a rectangle”. Under Area of a rectangle it has 27.88, then 23.46 under “area of a trapezoid”, then 19.04 under “area of a rectangle”.
Step 7. Answer the question. Vinny has 23.46 square yards in which he can plant.
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Lin wants to sod his lawn, which is shaped like a trapezoid. The bases are 10.8 yards and 6.7 yards, and the height is 4.6 yards. How many square yards of sod does he need?

40.25 sq. yd

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Kira wants cover his patio with concrete pavers. If the patio is shaped like a trapezoid whose bases are 18 feet and 14 feet and whose height is 15 feet, how many square feet of pavers will he need?

240 sq. ft

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Key concepts

  • Properties of Rectangles
    • Rectangles have four sides and four right (90°) angles.
    • The lengths of opposite sides are equal.
    • The perimeter, P , of a rectangle is the sum of twice the length and twice the width.
      • P = 2 L + 2 W
    • The area, A , of a rectangle is the length times the width.
      • A = L W
  • Triangle Properties
    • For any triangle Δ A B C , the sum of the measures of the angles is 180°.
      • m A + m B + m C = 180°
    • The perimeter of a triangle is the sum of the lengths of the sides.
      • P = a + b + c
    • The area of a triangle is one-half the base, b, times the height, h.
      • A = 1 2 b h

Practice makes perfect

Understand Linear, Square, and Cubic Measure

In the following exercises, determine whether you would measure each item using linear, square, or cubic units.

amount of water in a fish tank


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living area of an apartment


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floor space of a bathroom tile

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height of a doorway


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capacity of a truck trailer

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In the following exercises, find the perimeter and area of each figure. Assume each side of the square is 1 cm.

Use the Properties of Rectangles

In the following exercises, find the perimeter and area of each rectangle.

The length of a rectangle is 85 feet and the width is 45 feet.

  1. 260 ft
  2. 3825 sq. ft

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The length of a rectangle is 26 inches and the width is 58 inches.

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A rectangular room is 15 feet wide by 14 feet long.

  1. 58 ft
  2. 210 sq. ft

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Questions & Answers

how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Prealgebra. OpenStax CNX. Jul 15, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11756/1.9
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