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Although the power of STM imaging has been demonstrated, imaging of molecules themselves is still often a difficult task. The successful imaging of the IBM work was attributed to selection of a heavy atom. Other synthetic organic molecules without heavy atoms are much more difficult to be imaged under STM. Determinations of the mechanism of molecular motion is another. Besides imaging methods themselves, other auxiliary methods such as DFT calculations and imaging of properly designed molecules are required to determine the mechanism by which a particular molecule moves across a surface.

Herein, we are particularly interested in surface-rolling molecules, i.e., those that are designed to roll on a surface. It is straightforward to imagine that if we want to construct (and image) surface-rolling molecules, we must think of making highly symmetrical structures. In addition, the magnitudes of interactions between the molecules and the surfaces have to be adequate; otherwise the molecules will be more susceptible to slide/hop or stick on the surfaces, instead of rolling. As a result, only very few molecules are known can roll and be detected on surfaces.

Surface rolling of molecules under the manipulation of stm tips

As described above, rolling motions are most likely to be observed on molecules having high degree of symmetry and suitable interactions between themselves and the surface. C 60 is not only a highly symmetrical molecule but also readily imageable under STM due to its size. These properties together make C 60 and its derivatives highly suitable to study with regards to surface-rolling motion.

The STM imaging of C 60 was first carried out at At King College, London. Similar to the atom positioning experiment by IBM, STM tip manipulation was also utilized to achieve C 60 displacement. The tip trajectory suggested that a rolling motion took into account the displacement on the surface of C 60 . In order to confirm the hypothesis, the researchers also employed ab initio density function (DFT) calculations with rolling model boundary condition ( [link] ). The calculation result has supported their experimental result.

Proposed mechanism of C 60 translation showing the alteration of C 60 ... surface interactions during rolling. a) 2-point interaction. The left point interaction was dissociated during the interaction. b) 1-point interaction. C 60 can pivot on surface. c) 2-point interaction. A new interaction formed to complete part of the rolling motion. a) - c) The black spot on the C 60 is moved during the manipulation. The light blue Si balls represent the first layer of molecules the silicon surface, and the yellow balls are the second layer.

The results provided insights into the dynamical response of covalently bound molecules to manipulation. The sequential breaking and reforming of highly directional covalent bonds resulted in a dynamical molecular response in which bond breaking, rotation, and translation are intimately coupled in a rolling motion ( [link] ), but not performing sliding or hopping motion.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Chemistry of electronic materials. OpenStax CNX. Aug 09, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10719/1.9
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