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SSPD_Chapter 6_Part 7_Introduction to ATHENA6_Process Simulator describes the need for multiple models for each process, choosing appropriate model with method statement,method statements during process flow,switching guidelines, modeling the correct substrate depth, simulating ion implantation, simulating ion implantation damage, simulating diffusion, simulating rapid thermal anneal and simulating oxidation.

SSPD_Chapter 6_Part 7_Introduction to ATHENA 6_Process Simulator.

7.7. Background of ATHENA.

7.7.3. Choosing Models In SSUPREM4

This section describes how to simulate process steps (e.g., implantation, diffusion/oxidation, epitaxy, and silicidation) specific to the SSUPREM4 module of ATHENA. Also discussed, are the SSUPREM4 model statements, such as METHOD, OXIDE, MATERIAL, and IMPURITY.

When simulating any process involving dopant or its diffusion or both, it is absolutely critical for simulation accuracy to use the appropriate model. Process steps where correct choice of models are vital include implantation, diffusion, rapid thermal annealing, oxidation, and epitaxy . This section provides specific advice on which models should be used for each process step.

7.7.3.1: The Reason for Multiple Models for Each Process

The key to simulating any dopant related process is to accurately account for damage in the semiconductor. For example, in silicon processing, typical implantation doses can cause sufficient damage to the substrate to enhance dopant diffusion rates by three orders of magnitude or more, so choosing the wrong model in this instance will result in inaccurate results.

Well known device anomalies such as the Reverse Short Channel Effect in MOS processing or the emitter push effect in bipolar processing are wholly the result of such damage enhanced diffusion.

Other processes that consume the semiconductor, such as oxidation and silicidation also inject damage into the substrate. This must be accounted for if accurate dopant profiles are a requirement.

This section aims to provide you with a set of rules outlined, indicating the correct model that can be used most of the time without you having a detailed knowledge of the physics involved. The usual rules of model selection apply here. The more complicated the model, the greater the simulation time. There is always a compromise between simulation accuracy and simulation time. The following sections describe when to use the hierarchy of models so that the most complicated models are only used when you make a significant difference to the result.

7.7.3.2.: Choosing an Appropriate Model Using the Method Statement

The hierarchy of diffusion and damage models available is broadly related to the maximum level of damage already in the semiconductor or the maximum level of damage that the next process step is likely to introduce at any particular time during the process flow. The level of damage in the semiconductor at any one time is not a static quantity but will depend on when and how much damage was induced by a process step and how much annealing has occurred in subsequent thermal steps. The range of models available to you can account for all of the above effects and allows accurate simulation of dopant diffusion if appropriate models have been chosen.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Solid state physics and devices-the harbinger of third wave of civilization. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11170/1.89
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