



Setting up the hypotheses:

Null Hypothesis:
${H}_{o}$ :
$\rho $ = 0

Alternate Hypothesis:
${H}_{a}$ :
$\rho $ ≠ 0
What the hypotheses mean in words:

Null Hypothesis
${H}_{o}$ : The population correlation coefficient IS NOT significantly different from 0.
There IS NOT a significant linear relationship(correlation) between
$x$ and
$y$ in the population.

Alternate Hypothesis
${H}_{a}$ : The population correlation coefficient IS significantly DIFFERENT FROM 0.
There IS A SIGNIFICANT LINEAR RELATIONSHIP (correlation) between
$x$ and
$y$ in the population.
Drawing a conclusion:
 There are two methods to make the decision. Both methods are equivalent and give the same result.

Method 1: Using the pvalue

Method 2: Using a table of critical values
 In this chapter of this textbook, we will always use a significance level of 5%,
$\alpha $ = 0.05
 Note: Using the pvalue method, you could choose any appropriate significance level you want; you are not limited to using
$\alpha $ = 0.05. But the table of critical values provided in this textbook assumes that we are using a significance level of 5%,
$\alpha $ = 0.05. (If we wanted to use a different significance level than 5% with the critical value method, we would need different tables of critical values that are not provided in this textbook.)
Method 1: using a pvalue to make a decision
 The linear regression
$t$ test LinRegTTEST on the TI83+ or TI84+ calculators calculates the pvalue.
 On the LinRegTTEST input screen, on the line prompt for
$\beta $ or
$\rho $ , highlight "
≠ 0 "
 The output screen shows the pvalue on the line that reads "p =".
 (Most computer statistical software can calculate the pvalue.)
If the pvalue is less than the significance level (α = 0.05):
 Decision: REJECT the null hypothesis.
 Conclusion: "There is sufficient evidence to conclude that there is a significant linear relationship between
$x$ and
$y$ because the correlation coefficient is significantly different from 0."
If the pvalue is not less than the significance level (α = 0.05)
 Decision: DO NOT REJECT the null hypothesis.
 Conclusion: "There is insufficient evidence to conclude that there is a significant linear relationship between
$x$ and
$y$ because the correlation coefficient is NOT significantly different from 0."
Calculation notes:
 You will use technology to calculate the pvalue. The following describe the calculations to compute the test statistics and the pvalue:
 The pvalue is calculated using a
$t$ distribution with
$\mathrm{n2}$ degrees of freedom.
 The formula for the test statistic is
t=\frac{r\sqrt{n2}}{\sqrt{1r^{2}}} . The value of the test statistic,
$t$ , is shown in the computer or calculator output along with the pvalue. The test statistic
$t$ has the same sign as the correlation coefficient
$r$ .
 The pvalue is the combined area in both tails.
 An alternative way to calculate the pvalue
(p) given by LinRegTTest is the command 2*tcdf(abs(t),10^99, n2) in 2nd DISTR.
Third exam vs final exam example: p value method
 Consider the
third exam/final exam example .
 The line of best fit is:
$\hat{y}=173.51+\text{4.83x}$ with
$r=0.6631$ and there are
$\mathrm{n\; =\; 11}$ data points.
 Can the regression line be used for prediction?
Given a third exam score (
$x$ value), can we
use the line to predict the final exam score (predicted
$y$ value)?
Questions & Answers
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials and their applications of sensors.
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field .
1Electronicsmanufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc
2Helth and MedicalNanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc
3 Atomobile MEMS, Coating on car etc.
and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change .
maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Source:
OpenStax, Principles of business statistics. OpenStax CNX. Aug 05, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10874/1.5
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.