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Some social insects communicate when collecting food or looking for new nest sites in variety of different ways. Recruitment tactics are crucial for scouts to communicate the location of new potential resources and nest sites to their nest mates. The forms of communication necessary depend on distance from the nest to the resource, the type of resource, and the recognizable landmarks along the trajectory. Stingless bees employ a method of pilot flights in which they guide recruits to the newly found resources and use pheromones to either discourage or encourage exploitation of a certain site based on its profitability. In certain ant species, tandem runs and pheromone signals are employed to show recruits directly how to arrive at resources. The most complex communication system is employed by Apis mellifera (the honeybee), which employs a combination of a waggle dance on the comb surface to indicate distance and direction of a new site, a piping signal, a tremble dance, pheromones, and carried scent that are all used in recruitment and to communicating the quality and type of resource and its location. Path integration is used for greater accuracy in communication. The quorum rule is employed by both ants and bees in order to end recruitment and to ensure division of labor as well as the efficient exploitation of food resources. When communication methods are imprecise or insufficient, individuals in many insect species ignore nest mate signals and defer to previously acquired field knowledge and personal information on resource profitability and location to decide a course of action. Complex social communication has made eusocial insects some of the best exploiters of natural resources in the animal kingdom.

Author: Leo B. Carter

Abstract

Some social insects communicate when collecting food or looking for new nest sites in variety of different ways. Recruitment tactics are crucial for scouts to communicate the location of new potential resources and nest sites to their nest mates. The forms of communication necessary depend on distance from the nest to the resource, the type of resource, and the recognizable landmarks along the trajectory. Stingless bees employ a method of pilot flights in which they guide recruits to the newly found resources and use pheromones to either discourage or encourage exploitation of a certain site based on its profitability. In certain ant species, tandem runs and pheromone signals are employed to show recruits directly how to arrive at resources. The most complex communication system is employed by Apis mellifera (the honeybee), which employs a combination of a waggle dance on the comb surface to indicate distance and direction of a new site, a piping signal, a tremble dance, pheromones, and carried scent that are all used in recruitment and to communicating the quality and type of resource and its location. Path integration is used for greater accuracy in communication. The quorum rule is employed by both ants and bees in order to end recruitment and to ensure division of labor as well as the efficient exploitation of food resources. When communication methods are imprecise or insufficient, individuals in many insect species ignore nest mate signals and defer to previously acquired field knowledge and personal information on resource profitability and location to decide a course of action. Complex social communication has made eusocial insects some of the best exploiters of natural resources in the animal kingdom.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Mockingbird tales: readings in animal behavior. OpenStax CNX. Jan 12, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11211/1.5
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