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You will draw the RSSI received as a function of distance between sender and receiver. Because of the random nature of propagation, especially in a closed room, you will see that this relationship is not straightforword to predict. It should be clear that repeating these measurements under different conditions yields very different results.
For this section, you will need to have installed all the software. If not, please follow the Installation Instructions .

You will modify the code for the mote taken from 5.2. Creating a Spectrum Analyzer to Measure Noise in order to read 200 times the RSSI value from the same channel . A python script will then average those read values. To this end:

  • Use the code from 5.2. Creating a Spectrum Analyzer to Measure Noise , but comment out line mrfiSpiWriteReg(CHANNR,channel); . The mote will now read the RSSI 200 times on channel 0.
  • Reprogram the receiver board and visualize the values outputted on the COMx port using PuTTY (see 1.3. Read directly from COM Port ). We are interested in calculating the average value of each 200 point line.
  • Copy-paste the code presented below to a new file called txrx_rssi_dist.py Alternatively, this file is already present in the downloadable source code , in the directory source_code/c_files/ . ;
  • in Cygwin, run the python script cat /dev/comx | ./txrx_rssi_dist.py In Cygwin, you should first go to the folder containing txrx_rssi_dist.py , see 5.2. Creating a Spectrum Analyzer to Measure Noise . . This script outputs the average value of the RSSI 200 readings.
  • Reprogram a second board using the code described in 4.3. Continuous Tx/Rx , so that it continuously sends data, on channel 0 and with a transmission power of 0dBm.
  • Start the continuous sending and see how the RSSI decreases as the transmitter is moved away from the receiver.

#!/usr/bin/env python import sysif __name__ == '__main__': char = ''line = '' while 1:char = sys.stdin.read(1) if char == '\n':sline = line.split() sumsum = 0counter = 0 for i in range(len(sline)):try: sline[i]= int(sline[i])sumsum += sline[i] counter += 1except: sline[i]= 0 result = sumsum/counterprint result line = ''else: line = line + char

The figure below plots the evolution of RSSI as transmitter and receiver boards are parted away in three different directions. Because these measurements are not done in aninfinite open space, shadowing and fading effects introduce randomness into the relationship between RSSI and distance.

Evolution of RSSI with distance.

RSSI can not be predicted knowing the distance. This means that you can not know for sure two nodes are able to communicate by just the distance to one another. Similarly, distance can not be predicted knowing the RSSI.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
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a perfect square v²+2v+_
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algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
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J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
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I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
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what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
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what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ezwsn: experimenting with wireless sensor networks using the ez430-rf2500. OpenStax CNX. Apr 26, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10684/1.10
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