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Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe

Graad 9

Bestuurs-, verbruikers- en finansiële kennis en vaardighede

Module 24

Finansiële state: ontleding en gebruik vir besluitneming

AKTIWITEIT 1:

Om finansiële state te ontleed

[LU 3.5]

Die finansiële state word gebruik as maatstawwe om die finansiële toestand en die finansiële resultate van ’n onderneming te bepaal.

Finansiële syfers, soos vervat in die finansiële state, sê vir buitestaanders gewoonlik nie veel nie. Om dit nuttig te gebruik moet dit vergelyk word met die resultate van vorige jare of met die resultate van ander ondernemings wat dieselfde bedryf beoefen.

Verder is dit gerig op die bepaling van verhoudings en tendense.

Die volgende verhoudings kan gebruik word by besluitneming:

1. Likiditeit:

Dit is die vermoë van die onderneming om sy verpligtinge te kan nakom en word uitgedruk as die verhouding bedryfsbates teenoor bedryfslaste.

Bedryfsbates : Bedryfslaste

40 000 : 16 000

2,5 : 1

Dit dui ’n goeie likiditeit aan aangesien die norm 2:1 is.

2. Rentabiliteit:

Dit dui die winsgewendheid van die onderneming se fondse wat in hom belê is aan en word soos volg bereken.

NettoWins Kapitaal size 12{ { { size 11{"NettoWins"}} over { size 11{"Kapitaal"}} } } {} × 100 1 size 12{ { {"100"} over {1} } } {} 20 000 200 000 size 12{ { { size 11{"20"`"000"}} over { size 11{"200"`"000"}} } } {} × 100 1 size 12{ { {"100"} over {1} } } {} = 10%

Indien die persentasie beduidend hoër is as die huidige bankkoers van ±15% is die rentabiliteit goed.

3. Solvabiliteit:

Dit dui die mate aan waarin die onderneming se totale bates sy totale laste oorskry. Dit word as volg bereken.

Totale Bates : Totale Laste

50 000 : 20 000

2,5 : 1

Die solvabiliteit is goed aangesien die norm waaraan dit gemeet word gelyk is aan 2:1.

OPDRAG:

  • Maak gebruik van die inligting wat hieronder gegee word om die volgende te bepaal :

(a) Rentabiliteit

(b) Solvabiliteit

(c) Likiditeit

Lewer kommentaar op elkeen se antwoord en gee redes waarom dit goed of swak is.

  • Die Netto Wins van die onderneming is R35 000
  • Die kapitaal is R100 000
  • Vaste Bates is R90 000
  • Bedryfsbates is R30 000
  • Bedryfslaste is R10 000

Assessering

Leeruitkomstes(LUs)
LU 3
Bestuurs-, Verbruiker- en Finansiële Kennis en VaardighedeDie leerder is in staat om kennis en die vermoë te toon om verskeie bestuurs-, verbruikers- en finansiële vaardighede toe te pas.
Assesseringstandaarde(ASe)
Ons weet dit as die leerder:
3.1 ‘n basiese inkomstestaat en balansstaat vir ‘n diensverskaffings- en kleinhandelbesigheid opstel;
3.2 verskillende sakeondernemings se strategieë en optrede ondersoek ten opsigte van openbare betrekkinge, sosiale verantwoordelikheid en omgewingsverantwoordelikheid;
3.3 kontant- en krediettransaksies in die boeke van diens- en kleinhandelondernemings doen;
3.4 toetsbordvaardighede en funksietoetse gebruik om sakedokumente te ontwikkel, te bewaar, te herwin en te redigeer;
3.5 finansiële state ontleed vir besluitneming op ‘n basiese vlak;
3.6 tussen verskeie vorms van kredietaankope en metodes van betaling kan onderskei.

Memorandum

AKTIWITEIT 1

(a) Rentabiliteit :

NW Kapitaal size 12{ { { ital "NW"} over { ital "Kapitaal"} } } {} × 100 1 size 12{ { {"100"} over {1} } } {}

35000 100000 size 12{ { {"35000"} over {"100000"} } } {} × 100 1 size 12{ { {"100"} over {1} } } {}

= 35%

Baie goeie rentabiliteit gemeet aan ‘n bankkoers van 15%.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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watter drie vakbonde is betrokke by die onderhandelings
ferdi Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11073/1.1
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