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This module is from Fundamentals of Mathematics by Denny Burzynski and Wade Ellis, Jr. This module is an exercise supplement for the chapter "Introduction to Fractions and Multiplication and Division of Fractions" and contains many exercise problems. Odd problems are accompanied by solutions.

Exercise supplement

Fractions of whole numbers ( [link] )

For Problems 1 and 2, name the suggested fraction.

A circle divided into six equal parts. Two parts are shaded.

2 6 size 12{ { {2} over {6} } } {} or 1 3 size 12{ { {1} over {3} } } {}

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For problems 3-5, specify the numerator and denominator.

4 5 size 12{ { {4} over {5} } } {}

numerator, 4; denominator, 5

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5 12 size 12{ { {5} over {"12"} } } {}

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1 3 size 12{ { {1} over {3} } } {}

numerator, 1; denominator, 3

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For problems 6-10, write each fraction using digits.

Eight elevenths

8 11 size 12{ { {8} over {"11"} } } {}

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Two hundred six-thousandths

200 6, 000 size 12{ { {"200"} over {6,"000"} } } {}

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For problems 11-15, write each fraction using words.

10 17 size 12{ { {"10"} over {"17"} } } {}

ten seventeenths

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21 38 size 12{ { {"21"} over {"38"} } } {}

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606 1431 size 12{ { {"606"} over {"1431"} } } {}

six hundred six, one thousand four hundred thirty-firsts

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0 8 size 12{ { {0} over {8} } } {}

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1 16 size 12{ { {1} over {"16"} } } {}

one sixteenth

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For problems 16-18, state each numerator and denominator and write each fraction using digits.

One minute is one sixtieth of an hour.

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In a box that contains forty-five electronic components, eight are known to be defective. If three components are chosen at random from the box, the probability that all three are defective is fifty-six fourteen thousand one hundred ninetieths.

numerator, 56; denominator, 14,190

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About three fifths of the students in a college algebra class received a “B” in the course.

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For problems 19 and 20, shade the region corresponding to the given fraction.

1 4 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {}

A rectangle divided into four parts.

A rectangle divided into four parts. One part is shaded.

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3 7 size 12{ { {3} over {7} } } {}

A rectangle divided into seven parts.

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Proper fraction, improper fraction, and mixed numbers ( [link] )

For problems 21-29, convert each improper fraction to a mixed number.

11 4 size 12{ { {"11"} over {4} } } {}

2 3 4 size 12{2 { {3} over {4} } } {}

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15 2 size 12{ { {"15"} over {2} } } {}

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51 8 size 12{ { {"51"} over {8} } } {}

6 3 8 size 12{6 { {3} over {8} } } {}

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121 15 size 12{ { {"121"} over {"15"} } } {}

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356 3 size 12{ { {"356"} over {3} } } {}

118 2 3 size 12{"118" { {2} over {3} } } {}

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3 2 size 12{ { {3} over {2} } } {}

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5 4 size 12{ { {5} over {4} } } {}

1 1 4 size 12{1 { {1} over {4} } } {}

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20 5 size 12{ { {"20"} over {5} } } {}

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9 3 size 12{ { {9} over {3} } } {}

3

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For problems 30-40, convert each mixed number to an improper fraction.

5 2 3 size 12{5 { {2} over {3} } } {}

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16 1 8 size 12{"16" { {1} over {8} } } {}

129 8 size 12{ { {"129"} over {8} } } {}

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18 1 3 size 12{"18" { {1} over {3} } } {}

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3 1 5 size 12{3 { {1} over {5} } } {}

16 5 size 12{ { {"16"} over {5} } } {}

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2 9 16 size 12{2 { {9} over {"16"} } } {}

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17 20 21 size 12{"17" { {"20"} over {"21"} } } {}

377 21 size 12{ { {"377"} over {"21"} } } {}

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1 7 8 size 12{1 { {7} over {8} } } {}

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1 1 2 size 12{1 { {1} over {2} } } {}

3 2 size 12{ { {3} over {2} } } {}

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2 1 2 size 12{2 { {1} over {2} } } {}

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8 6 7 size 12{8 { {6} over {7} } } {}

62 7 size 12{ { {"62"} over {7} } } {}

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2 9 2 size 12{2 { {9} over {2} } } {}

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Why does 0 1 12 size 12{0 { {1} over {"12"} } } {} not qualify as a mixed number?

because the whole number part is zero

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Why does 8 qualify as a mixed number?

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Equivalent fractions, reducing fractions to lowest terms, and raising fractions to higher term ( [link] )

For problems 43-47, determine if the pairs of fractions are equivalent.

1 2 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} , 15 30 size 12{ { {"15"} over {"30"} } } {}

equivalent

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8 9 size 12{ { {8} over {9} } } {} , 32 36 size 12{ { {"32"} over {"36"} } } {}

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3 14 size 12{ { {3} over {"14"} } } {} , 24 110 size 12{ { {"24"} over {"110"} } } {}

not equivalent

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2 3 8 size 12{2 { {3} over {8} } } {} , 38 16 size 12{ { {"38"} over {"16"} } } {}

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108 77 size 12{ { {"108"} over {"77"} } } {} , 1 5 13 size 12{1 { {5} over {"13"} } } {}

not equivalent

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For problems 48-60, reduce, if possible, each fraction.

10 25 size 12{ { {"10"} over {"25"} } } {}

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32 44 size 12{ { {"32"} over {"44"} } } {}

8 11 size 12{ { {8} over {"11"} } } {}

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102 266 size 12{ { {"102"} over {"266"} } } {}

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15 33 size 12{ { {"15"} over {"33"} } } {}

5 11 size 12{ { {5} over {"11"} } } {}

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18 25 size 12{ { {"18"} over {"25"} } } {}

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21 35 size 12{ { {"21"} over {"35"} } } {}

3 5 size 12{ { {3} over {5} } } {}

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9 16 size 12{ { {9} over {"16"} } } {}

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45 85 size 12{ { {"45"} over {"85"} } } {}

9 17 size 12{ { {9} over {"17"} } } {}

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24 42 size 12{ { {"24"} over {"42"} } } {}

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70 136 size 12{ { {"70"} over {"136"} } } {}

35 68 size 12{ { {"35"} over {"68"} } } {}

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182 580 size 12{ { {"182"} over {"580"} } } {}

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325 810 size 12{ { {"325"} over {"810"} } } {}

65 162 size 12{ { {"65"} over {"162"} } } {}

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250 1000 size 12{ { {"250"} over {"1000"} } } {}

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For problems 61-72, determine the missing numerator or denominator.

3 7 = ? 35 size 12{ { {3} over {7} } = { {?} over {"35"} } } {}

15

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4 11 = ? 99 size 12{ { {4} over {"11"} } = { {?} over {"99"} } } {}

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1 12 = ? 72 size 12{ { {1} over {"12"} } = { {?} over {"72"} } } {}

6

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5 8 = 25 ? size 12{ { {5} over {8} } = { {"25"} over {?} } } {}

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11 9 = 33 ? size 12{ { {"11"} over {9} } = { {"33"} over {?} } } {}

27

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4 15 = 24 ? size 12{ { {4} over {"15"} } = { {"24"} over {?} } } {}

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14 15 = ? 45 size 12{ { {"14"} over {"15"} } = { {?} over {"45"} } } {}

42

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12 21 = 96 ? size 12{ { {"12"} over {"21"} } = { {"96"} over {?} } } {}

168

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14 23 = ? 253 size 12{ { {"14"} over {"23"} } = { {?} over {"253"} } } {}

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15 16 = 180 ? size 12{ { {"15"} over {"16"} } = { {"180"} over {?} } } {}

192

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21 22 = 336 ? size 12{ { {"21"} over {"22"} } = { {"336"} over {?} } } {}

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Multiplication and division of fractions ( [link] , [link] )

For problems 73-95, perform each multiplication and division.

4 5 15 16 size 12{ { {4} over {5} } cdot { {"15"} over {"16"} } } {}

3 4 size 12{ { {3} over {4} } } {}

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8 9 3 24 size 12{ { {8} over {9} } cdot { {3} over {"24"} } } {}

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1 10 5 12 size 12{ { {1} over {"10"} } cdot { {5} over {"12"} } } {}

1 24 size 12{ { {1} over {"24"} } } {}

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14 15 7 5 size 12{ { {"14"} over {"15"} } cdot { {7} over {5} } } {}

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5 6 13 22 11 39 size 12{ { {5} over {6} } cdot { {"13"} over {"22"} } cdot { {"11"} over {"39"} } } {}

5 36 size 12{ { {5} over {"36"} } } {}

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2 3 ÷ 15 7 5 6 size 12{ { {2} over {3} } div { {"15"} over {7} } cdot { {5} over {6} } } {}

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3 1 2 ÷ 7 2 size 12{3 { {1} over {2} } div { {7} over {2} } } {}

1

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2 4 9 ÷ 11 45 size 12{2 { {4} over {9} } div { {"11"} over {"45"} } } {}

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8 15 3 16 5 24 size 12{ { {8} over {"15"} } cdot { {3} over {"16"} } cdot { {5} over {"24"} } } {}

1 48 size 12{ { {1} over {"48"} } } {}

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8 15 ÷ 3 3 5 9 16 size 12{ { {8} over {"15"} } div 3 { {3} over {5} } cdot { {9} over {"16"} } } {}

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14 15 ÷ 3 8 9 10 21 size 12{ { {"14"} over {"15"} } div 3 { {8} over {9} } cdot { {"10"} over {"21"} } } {}

4 35 size 12{ { {4} over {"35"} } } {}

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18 5 3 4 size 12{"18" cdot 5 { {3} over {4} } } {}

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3 3 7 2 1 12 size 12{3 { {3} over {7} } cdot 2 { {1} over {"12"} } } {}

50 7 = 7 1 7 size 12{ { {"50"} over {7} } =7 { {1} over {7} } } {}

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4 1 2 ÷ 2 4 7 size 12{4 { {1} over {2} } div 2 { {4} over {7} } } {}

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6 1 2 ÷ 3 1 4 size 12{6 { {1} over {2} } div 3 { {1} over {4} } } {}

2

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3 5 16 ÷ 2 7 18 size 12{3 { {5} over {"16"} } div 2 { {7} over {"18"} } } {}

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7 ÷ 2 1 3 size 12{7 div 2 { {1} over {3} } } {}

3

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17 ÷ 4 1 4 size 12{"17" div 4 { {1} over {4} } } {}

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5 8 ÷ 1 1 4 size 12{ { {5} over {8} } div 1 { {1} over {4} } } {}

1 2 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {}

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2 2 3 3 3 4 size 12{2 { {2} over {3} } cdot 3 { {3} over {4} } } {}

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20 18 4 size 12{"20" cdot { {"18"} over {4} } } {}

90

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0 ÷ 4 1 8 size 12{0 div 4 { {1} over {8} } } {}

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1 ÷ 6 1 4 25 4 size 12{1 div 6 { {1} over {4} } cdot { {"25"} over {4} } } {}

1

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Applications involving fractions ( [link] )

Find 8 9 size 12{ { {8} over {9} } } {} of 27 2 size 12{ { {"27"} over {2} } } {} .

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What part of 3 8 size 12{ { {3} over {8} } } {} is 21 16 size 12{ { {"21"} over {"16"} } } {} ?

7 2 size 12{ { {7} over {2} } } {} or 3 1 2 size 12{3 { {1} over {2} } } {}

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What part of 3 1 5 size 12{3 { {1} over {5} } } {} is 1 7 25 size 12{1 { {7} over {"25"} } } {} ?

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Find 6 2 3 size 12{6 { {2} over {3} } } {} of 9 15 size 12{ { {9} over {"15"} } } {} .

4

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7 20 size 12{ { {7} over {"20"} } } {} of what number is 14 35 size 12{ { {"14"} over {"35"} } } {} ?

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What part of 4 1 16 size 12{4 { {1} over {"16"} } } {} is 3 3 4 size 12{3 { {3} over {4} } } {} ?

12 13 size 12{ { {"12"} over {"13"} } } {}

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Find 8 3 10 size 12{8 { {3} over {"10"} } } {} of 16 2 3 size 12{"16" { {2} over {3} } } {} .

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3 20 size 12{ { {3} over {"20"} } } {} of what number is 18 30 size 12{ { {"18"} over {"30"} } } {} ?

4

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Find 1 3 size 12{ { {1} over {3} } } {} of 0.

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Find 11 12 size 12{ { {"11"} over {"12"} } } {} of 1.

11 12 size 12{ { {"11"} over {"12"} } } {}

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Source:  OpenStax, Fundamentals of mathematics. OpenStax CNX. Aug 18, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10615/1.4
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