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AMOUNT

Because the post office was the only place in the town that still had electricity it served as a base for rescue workers. As Mr Hougaard received telephonic information about inhabitants severely affected by the earthquake, rescuers were sent out.“The lines were overloaded because everyone was phoning to hear what had happened and where they should go.”Shortly after this Mr Hougaard went to have a look at his own house, which he had just bought. Although he can’t remember the exact amount, the damage caused to his house cost more to repair than he paid for the house originally.His wife, who was expecting their second child, was cut on the head when a badminton trophy fell from the pelmet onto her head. For months after this she refused to sleep inside at night.Mr NC Krone, owner of Twee Jonge Gezellen and vice-chairman of the Boland Disaster Committee said that most inhabitants of Tulbagh were badly affected, yet the spirit of co-operation was a wonderful memory. “Emergency aid streamed into the disaster-struck towns and a comprehensive disaster relief programme was instituted on the night of the earthquake by the Defence Force with the assistance of the Police and local authorities.”The next day 400 tents were erected in Tulbagh, 250 in Wolseley, and 100 in Ceres. The Army erected a field hospital in Wolseley. Two days later the water shortage was relieved and new pipes were laid to the mountains to replace pipes damaged by falling rocks.

DONATIONS

Nearly all of the R13 million controlled by the Disaster Committee was spent. Almost R1.3 million was raised from public donations.

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group assessment: model
1. Prescribed length was maintained. Yes No
2. Main ideas have been identified. Yes No
3. Main ideas have been correctly put in paragraphs. Yes No
8. Complete sentences, good language usage and correct punctuation. Yes No

VOLCANOES

  • If the pressure under the mantle builds up the magma is forced through weak places and cracks in the crust. These weak places form volcanic pipes. When the magma reaches the surface of the earth it forms solid rock. This rock blocks the volcanic pipe and the pressure from below builds up. Eventually the pressure is sufficient to cause a huge explosion. The solid rock (the plug) is blown away and the magma erupts from the pipe. A volcanic explosion like this can sometimes destroy a whole town.
  • There are fewer than 500 active volcanoes on Earth. An active volcano is one that erupts from time to time. More than half of these volcanoes are in an area around the Pacific Ocean.
The inside of a volcano

TASK 3:

Use the map of the world below and show the area where volcanoes mainly occur. Use an atlas to show where the following volcanoes are.

  • Mount Etna
  • Hawaii
  • Mount Pinatubo

TASK 4:

Use the previous information on volcanoes and earthquakes and define the following terms:

Term Definitions
1. Richter scale ___________________________
2. Seismologist ___________________________
3. Epicentre ___________________________
4. Volcanic pipe ___________________________
5. Active volcano ___________________________
Self assessment 5 X 2 = (10)

Assessment

Learning Outcome 2: The learner will know and be able to interpret and apply scientific, technological and environmental knowledge.

Assessment Standard 2.1: We know this when the learner categorises information: compares features of different categories of objects, organisms and events;

Assessment Standard 2.3: We know this when the learner interprets information: interprets information by identifying key ideas in text, finding patterns in recorded data, and making inferences from information in various forms (e.g. pictures, diagrams, text).

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11077/1.1
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