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History

Grade 4

The origins of the main religions of the world

Module 15

More about judaism, islam and hinduism

Judaism

Origin: Judaism originated in Canaan, the Promised Land (now largely corresponding to the present Israel), in approximately 2000 B.C. It is practised right across the world.
What do they believe? Followers of Judaism are known as Jews. They believe in one God, who revealed the Law to his people. Their symbol is the Star of David.
Name of Founder: ABRAHAM Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch, was born round about 2000 B.C. In Ur in the country now known as Iraq. He settled in Canaan after God had commanded him to do so.
Truths: RULES AND RITUALS The following are some of the traditions upheld in the Jewish way of life:
  • Baby boys are circumcised eight days after birth.
  • The Sabbath (Saturday) is the holy day of rest.
  • Eating pork and shellfish is forbidden.
  • A Jewish boy celebrates his Bar Mitzvah (as a fully responsible member of the Jewish community) when he is thirteen years old.
Key Points:
  • God created the world and controls history.
  • The Jews descended from the Hebrews.
  • The Jews are God's chosen people, “a light for the nations.”
Holy Scriptures: TENAKH The Jewish Holy Scripture is known as the Tenakh . It tells the history of the Jewish people. The most important part of it is the Torah , the five books of Moses. They contain the laws, among which are the Ten Commandments that God had revealed to Moses.

Sacred practices

Holy Days:
Name Event
Hanukkah Festival to celebrate the rededication of the temple
The Passover (Pesach) Festival to celebrate the deliverance from slavery in Egypt
Yom Kippur The day of atonement
Holy Words: Diaspora: The dispersion of the Jews Exodus: The Israelites' departure from Egypt Kaddish: An ancient Jewish prayer used in the synagogue The uncircumcised : Non-Jews Rabbi: Teacher and leader of a congregation Sinagogue: Place of worship Tefillah: Square prayer cases containing passages from the Torah and tied to the arm and forehead Holy Places: WESTERN WALLThis wall in Jerusalem is also known as the Wailing Wall. It is the only remaining wall of Herod's Temple, which was destroyed in 70 A.D. Jews nowadays visit it for prayer and to insert written prayers and requests into the crevices between the large blocks of stone with which it was constructed.

Islam

Origin: ISLAM originated in Mecca ( Makkah ) in what is now known as Saudi-Arabia, in approximately 600 A.D. It is practised the world over and has hundreds of thousands of followers in South Africa.
What do they believe? ISLAMIC FAITH is based on the belief in one God, Allah. Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Their symbol is a star and the crescent moon.
Name of Founder: MOHAMMED Mohammed was the last and greatest of the 26 Islamic prophets. He was born in Mecca in 570 A.D. The shahadah (the daily declaration of faith) declares that Mohammed is Allah's messenger.
Truths: PILLARS OF ISLAM Muslims have to keep the following rules:
  • Shahadah : Allah is the only God and Mohammed is his messenger.
  • Salah : Pray five times daily.
  • Zakah : Give to charity.
  • Sawm : Keep the fast of Ramadan.
  • Hadj : Undertake the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.
Key Points:
  • Muslims promise to be obedient to the will of Allah.
  • Islam is the faith that Allah has chosen for the human race.
  • Mohammed is Allah's most important messenger.
  • The word Islam is derived from the Arabic word Salaam and means “peace”.
Holy Scriptures: QUR'AN. In this holy book of Islam, Allah revealed to Mohammed how humankind had to live on earth. Muslims handle this book with great respect. They keep it in a clean place and wash themselves before handling it.
Sacred Practices: PRAYER. Muslims frequently pray together in groups. They kneel down on clean surfaces or on a cloth, which may be a woven carpet, mat of straw or even a handkerchief.
Holy Days:
Name Event
Mawlid al-Nabi The day of Mohammed's birth
Layl’at al-Qadr Qur'an revealed to Mohammed
Id al-Fitr Celebration of the end of Ramadan
Id al-Adha End of the pilgrimage to Mecca
Holy Words: Hadith: Tales about Mohammed Hadji: Someone who has undertaken the pilgrimage (Hajj) Hafiz: Title for a Muslim who has memorised the Qur'an Jihad: The striving to spread the Islamic way of life Masjid: Place of worship in an Arab country Mullah: A learned man Shari’ah: Islamic laws Holy Places: MECCA (MAKKAH)This city in Saudi-Arabia is the holiest place in the Muslim world. There is a block-like sanctuary in the city, the Kaaba, which is reputed to have been built by Abraham and Ishmael, almost 4 000 years ago. Muslims travel to Mecca to gather around the Kaaba each year, particularly during the month for pilgrimage.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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