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CHILDREN

Every child has the right –

  • to a name and a nationality from birth;
  • to family care or parental care, or to appropriate alternative care when removed from the family environment;
  • to basic nutrition, shelter, basic health care services and social services;
    1. to be protected from maltreatment, neglect, abuse or degradation;
    2. to be protected from exploitative labour practices;
    3. not to be required or permitted to perform work or provide services that –
      1. are inappropriate for a person of that child’s age; or
      2. place at risk the child’s well-being, education, physical or mental health or spiritual, moral or social development;
    4. not to be detained except as a measure of last resort, in which case, in addition tot he rights a child enjoys under sections 12 and 35, the child may be detained only for the shortest appropriate period of time, and has the right to be –
      1. kept separately from detained persons over the age of 18 years; and
      2. treated in a manner, and kept in conditions, that take account of the child’s age.
    5. to have a legal practitioner assigned to the child by the state, and at state expense, in civil proceedings affecting the child, if substantial injustice would otherwise result; and
    6. not to be used directly in armed conflict, and to be protected in times of a armed conflict.
  • A child’s best interests are of paramount importance in every matter concerning the child.
  • In this section “child” means a person under the age of 18 years.

EDUCATION

  1. Everyone has the right –
    1. to a basic education, including adult basic education; and
    2. to further education, which the state, through reasonable measures, must make progressively available and accessible.
  2. Everyone has the right to receive education in the official language or languages of their choice in public educational institutions where that education is reasonably practicable. In order to ensure the effective access to, and implementation of, this right, the state must consider all reasonable educational alternatives, including single medium institutions, taking into account –
    1. equity;
    2. practicability; and
    3. the need to redress the results of part racially discriminatory laws and practices.
  3. Everyone has the right to establish and maintain, at their own expense, independent educational institutions that –
    1. do not discriminate on the basis of race;
    2. are registered with the state; and
    3. maintain standards that are not inferior to standards at comparable public educational institutions.
  4. Subsection (c) does not preclude state subsidies for independent educational institutions.

LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

a) Everyone has the right to use the language and to participate in the cultural life of their choice, but no one exercising these rights may do so in a manner inconsistent with any provision of the Bill of Rights.

CULTURAL, RELIGIOUS AND LINGUISTIC COMMUNITIES

  1. Persons belonging to a cultural, religious or linguistic community may not be denied the right, with other members of that community –
    1. to enjoy their culture, practise their religion and use their language; and
    2. to form, join and maintain cultural, religious and linguistic associations and other organs of civil society.
  2. The rights in subsection (a) may not be exercised in a manner inconsistent with any provision of the Bill of Rights.

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Lewensorientering graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11047/1.1
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