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3.1 reads spontaneously and often for pleasure and information across the range of texts studied, discusses personal response and the kinds of texts enjoyed and recommends texts to others:

3.4 shows understanding of information texts;

  • 3.4.1 identifies main ideas and explains how the details support the main idea;

3.7 analyses techniques used to create particular effects in visual, written and multimedia texts such as:

  • 3.7.2 the impact of design elements (e.g. type and position of artwork, use of colour);
  • 3.7.3 the impact of camera and film techniques (e.g. close-ups, zoom shots, camera angles, flashbacks);

3.9 discusses socio-cultural, environmental and ethical issues contained in texts and identifies the aspects of texts which carry the values related to them (e.g. content, language, artwork, point of view and characterisation).

LO 4


The learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

We know this when the learner:

4.1 writes a range of imaginative texts:

  • 4.1.2 to explore the creative, critical and playful use of language by means of narrative and descriptive compositions, dialogues, poems, songs and letters;

4.2 produces a range of factual written and multi-modal texts (texts using print and images) for various purposes, using a range of visual, and design elements where appropriate by means of recounts of events, research project reports, pamphlets, posters and book reviews;

4.3 demonstrates basic skills in a range of features of writing appropriate to the text type (e.g. reveals character, establishes the setting and develops the plot in narrative writing, and uses simple imagery in poetry);

4.4 uses the writing process collaboratively and independently to generate texts:

  • 4.4.8 publishes final product, paying attention to creative presentation and varied elements of design.

LO 5

Thinking and Reasoning

The learner will be able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.

We know this when the learner:

5.1 uses language to think and reason.

  • 5.1.1 applies thinking and reasoning skills in a variety of contexts across the curriculum;
  • 5.1.5 recognises and explains why information can be considered “factual” or “objective”;
  • 5.1.7 questions and infers to solve problems and develop thinking about complex issues, ideas and emotions (e.g. human rights issues, environmental issues, personal dilemmas, cross-curricular topics).

5.3 processes information;

  • 5.3.3 extracts and synthesises information, using listening, reading, writing and viewing skills.

We know this when the learner:

LO 6

Language Structure and Use

The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.

We know this when the learner:

6.1 works with words:

  • 6.1.2 creates personal spelling list and dictionary of words across the curriculum and discusses which words give problems;
  • 6.1.6 uses prefixes and suffixes to work out meaning.

6.2 works with sentences:

  • 6.2.6 uses a range of punctuation appropriately (e.g. comma to separate an introductory phase or clause from the main part of a sentence, and to separate phrases and clauses in a series).



  • ‘Hello. Is that Mr Ploughman? This is Mrs I. C. Yu speaking, from The People Paper. I believe you are building a new housing complex on the river-bank of the Ezengi River. I would like to know whether you have received permission from the local council to build there
  • and also whether you know that this is the home of the endangered Blue-headed Zinc. This is its only habitat. You will definitely send it into extinction.’
  • ‘Madam, we are not interested in the Blue-headed Zinc and, after all, housing is needed!’

‘Are you prepared to talk about it or are you going ahead anyway?’

‘We are too far gone with our plans. This is an expensive exercise, you know. We cannot just stop now!’

‘We shall bring a court interdict against you to stop you from proceeding and am just notifying you, in advance, that you will be receiving such a notice.’

‘Well, do not speak to me. Send the notice to Mr G. Reed. He is in charge.’

‘Thank you. I will do that!’


Ithaba said that that day he had seen a very strange animal. It had a l-o-n-g tongue which it whipped out to eat insects and when he placed it on different plants it changed colour. He wanted to know from Sakhela what it was called. Sakhela believed its name was ‘a chameleon’ and that the changing of colours helped it to camouflage itself. He continued that it was a harmless animal and very friendly, so encouraged him to look after it. Ithaba wondered whether Sakhela knew that it could also swivel its eyes around. He exclaimed that it really was an amazing creature. He felt that it was a pity that it moved so slowly because very often it was squashed by traffic. Sakhela agreed and added that if a motorist saw a chameleon – or even a tortoise – that he should return it to the vegetation on the side of the road. He felt it was not fair to keep animals like those in captivity. People kept strange animals to boost their own ego’s and had no feelings for the animals or their needs. Of course he agreed that there were exceptions, such as taking animals away from a war-torn area or rescuing an injured animal. But as soon as an animal was healed, he believed that it should be returned to the wild.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11041/1.1
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