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Graad 9


Grafiese voorstellings




Module 18

Om data te ontleed vir betekenisvolle patrone en maatstawwe


Om data te ontleed vir betekenisvolle patrone en maatstawwe

[LU 5.3]

  • Nou gaan ons inligting insamel oor die lengtes van leerders in die klas. Maak ’n maatband langs die deur vas sodat dit perfek vertikaal is. As ’n maatband nie beskikbaar is nie, maak gerus ’n ander plan; dalk kan jy elke sentimeter ’n merkie maak met behulp van ’n liniaal.
  • Elke leerder trek haar skoene uit en staan met haar hakskene en rug styf teen die muur. Iemand wat lank genoeg is, hou ’n liniaal of stuk karton plat op haar kop om af te lees presies hoe lank sy is. Die beste is om die lesing in sentimeter te neem. Skryf die waarde op haar hand, of op ’n stukkie papier.

Die eerste berekening doen ons op ’n interessante wyse. As al die leerlinge gemeet is, staan almal in ’n ry volgens lengte.

  • Vanuit hierdie ry kry ons die eerste maatstaf van die gemiddelde van die leer­ders se lengtes. Skryf die lengte neer van die persoon wat presies in die middel van die ry is (ewe ver van die begin as van die einde). Hierdie waarde is die mediaan . Daar is net soveel korter as langer leerders as sy. Let op: As daar ’n ewe getal leerders is, sal daar natuurlik nie ’n middelste wees nie. In daardie geval neem ons die twee middelstes, tel hulle lengtes bymekaar en deel die antwoord deur twee.
  • Skryf die mediaanlengte van die klas neer. Werk die mediaan vir seuns en meisies apart uit as daar beide seuns en meisies in die klas is.

Nou moet daar ’n frekwensietabel vir die lengtes opgestel word – gebruik telmerkies om te tel hoeveel van elke lengte daar in die klas is.

Gebruik die tabel met ouder­dom­me van susters en broers en werk die mediaan­ouderdom­me apart uit.

Jou tabel gaan dalk groot wees, maar hier is ’n kleiner voorbeeld:

  • Stem jy saam dat die mediaanlengte vir hierdie groep 162 cm is?
  • Bestudeer die getalle in die laaste ry (dis die frekwensies van die verskillende lengtes). Dit is duidelik dat 164 cm die lengte is wat die meeste voorkom, want daar is ses leerders wat 164 cm lank is. Hierdie waarde word die modus genoem. Ons kan dit sien as die mees “gewilde” lengte.
  • Vervolgens bereken ons dié waarde wat gewoonlik as die gemiddelde bekend staan. Die regte naam is die rekenkundige gemiddelde . Jy weet dalk alreeds hoe om dit te bereken: Tel al die waardes bymekaar en deel deur die aantal waardes. Vir die bostaande tabel deel jy 6 156 deur 38 om ’n rekenkundige gemiddelde lengte van 162 cm vir die klas te kry.

Ons kan die waardes tabelleer:

Mediaan 162 cm
Modus 164 cm
Gemiddelde 162 cm

Gebruik die tabel met ouderdomme van susters en broers en werk die modus en gemiddelde vir susters en broers apart uit. Maak ’n tabel daarvan soos langsaan.

  • Ons noem hierdie drie waardes (modus, mediaan en rekenkundige gemiddelde) saam die middelwaardes . Hulle is al drie verskillende soorte gemiddeldes . Daarom moet ons versigtig wees met die woord gemiddelde , en seker maak dat die rekenkundige gemiddelde bedoel word en nie dalk die modus of mediaan nie.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Wiskunde graad 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11055/1.1
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