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In a standard deck, there are 52 cards. Twelve cards are face cards ( F ) and 40 cards are not face cards ( N ). Draw two cards, one at a time, without replacement. The tree diagram is labeled with all possible probabilities.

This is a tree diagram with branches showing frequencies of each draw. The first branch shows 2 lines: F 12/52 and N 40/52. The second branch has a set of 2 lines (F 11/52 and N 40/51) for each line of the first branch. Multiply along each line to find FF 121/2652, FN 480/2652, NF 480/2652, and NN 1560/2652.
  1. Find P ( FN OR NF ).
  2. Find P ( N | F ).
  3. Find P (at most one face card).
    Hint: "At most one face card" means zero or one face card.
  4. Find P (at least on face card).
    Hint: "At least one face card" means one or two face cards.
  1. P ( FN OR NF ) = 480 2,652  +  480 2,652  =  960 2,652  =  80 221
  2. P ( N | F ) = 40 51
  3. P (at most one face card) = (480  +  480  +  1,560) 2,652 = 2 , 520 2 , 652
  4. P (at least one face card) = (132 + 480 + 480) 2,652 = 1,092 2,652
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A litter of kittens available for adoption at the Humane Society has four tabby kittens and five black kittens. A family comes in and randomly selects two kittens (without replacement) for adoption.

This is a tree diagram with branches showing probabilities of kitten choices. The first branch shows two lines: T 4/9 and B 5/9. The second branch has a set of 2 lines for each first branch line. Below T 4/9 are T 3/8 and B 5/8. Below B 5/9 are T 4/8 and B 4/8. Multiply along each line to find probabilities of possible combinations.

  1. What is the probability that both kittens are tabby?
    a. ( 1 2 ) ( 1 2 ) b. ( 4 9 ) ( 4 9 ) c. ( 4 9 ) ( 3 8 ) d. ( 4 9 ) ( 5 9 )
  2. What is the probability that one kitten of each coloring is selected?
    a. ( 4 9 ) ( 5 9 ) b. ( 4 9 ) ( 5 8 ) c. ( 4 9 ) ( 5 9 ) + ( 5 9 ) ( 4 9 ) d. ( 4 9 ) ( 5 8 ) + ( 5 9 ) ( 4 8 )
  3. What is the probability that a tabby is chosen as the second kitten when a black kitten was chosen as the first?
  4. What is the probability of choosing two kittens of the same color?

a. c, b. d, c. 4 8 , d. 32 72

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Suppose there are four red balls and three yellow balls in a box. Three balls are drawn from the box without replacement. What is the probability that one ball of each coloring is selected?

( 4 7 ) ( 3 6 ) + ( 3 7 ) ( 4 6 )

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Venn diagram

A Venn diagram is a picture that represents the outcomes of an experiment. It generally consists of a box that represents the sample space S together with circles or ovals. The circles or ovals represent events.

Suppose an experiment has the outcomes 1, 2, 3, ... , 12 where each outcome has an equal chance of occurring. Let event A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} and event B = {6, 7, 8, 9}. Then A AND B = {6} and A  OR  B = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}. The Venn diagram is as follows:

A Venn diagram. An oval representing set A contains the values 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. An oval representing set B also contains the 6, along with 7, 8, and 9. The values 10, 11, and 12 are present but not contained in either set.
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Suppose an experiment has outcomes black, white, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and purple, where each outcome has an equal chance of occurring. Let event C = {green, blue, purple} and event P = {red, yellow, blue}. Then C AND P = {blue} and C OR P = {green, blue, purple, red, yellow}. Draw a Venn diagram representing this situation.

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Flip two fair coins. Let A = tails on the first coin. Let B = tails on the second coin. Then A = { TT , TH } and B = { TT , HT }. Therefore, A AND B = { TT }. A OR B = { TH , TT , HT }.

The sample space when you flip two fair coins is X = { HH , HT , TH , TT }. The outcome HH is in NEITHER A NOR B . The Venn diagram is as follows:

This is a venn diagram. An oval representing set A contains Tails + Heads and Tails + Tails. An oval representing set B also contains Tails + Tails, along with Heads + Tails. The universe S contains Heads + Heads, but this value is not contained in either set A or B.
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Roll a fair, six-sided die. Let A = a prime number of dots is rolled. Let B = an odd number of dots is rolled. Then A = {2, 3, 5} and B = {1, 3, 5}. Therefore, A AND B = {3, 5}. A OR B = {1, 2, 3, 5}. The sample space for rolling a fair die is S = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}. Draw a Venn diagram representing this situation.

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Forty percent of the students at a local college belong to a club and 50% work part time. Five percent of the students work part time and belong to a club. Draw a Venn diagram showing the relationships. Let C = student belongs to a club and PT = student works part time.

This is a venn diagram with one set containing students in clubs and another set containing students working  part-time. Both sets share students who are members of clubs and also work part-time. The universe is labeled S.

If a student is selected at random, find

  • the probability that the student belongs to a club. P ( C ) = 0.40
  • the probability that the student works part time. P ( PT ) = 0.50
  • the probability that the student belongs to a club AND works part time. P ( C AND PT ) = 0.05
  • the probability that the student belongs to a club given that the student works part time. P ( C | P T )   =   P ( C  AND  P T ) P ( P T )   =   0.05 0.50   =   0.1
  • the probability that the student belongs to a club OR works part time. P ( C OR PT ) = P ( C ) + P ( PT ) - P ( C AND PT ) = 0.40 + 0.50 - 0.05 = 0.85
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Questions & Answers

conceptual approach to limits
lameck Reply
how are limits derived?
lameck
an entire section of calculus is devoted to that explanation.
Pitior
what is statistics?
Martin Reply
statistics :- can be defined as the branches of mathematics that deals with the summarizing, analysing,organization and interpretation of data.
Usman
well said
Venkat
can we find Z value on calculator with out using Z table
Maham Reply
no
Pitior
why
Maham
can another way is possible ?
Maham
Well you could make a table. And as the function you use the one used at the z table
Luca
The normal function is only one way, so you can only try using different numbers until you get the probability that you have. So that is easier if you have a table
Luca
me don't know nothing about z table and don't know how to see the z value on table can you tell me please how see the value on table
Maham
The z table is the table of the standard normal distribution
Luca
You can look it up on internet, its easier than writing down the normal distribution function (with an integral) and doing a table in the calculator
Luca
OK thanks luca
Maham
yes use pnorm in r
Venkat
pnorm(2.3,mean=0,sd=1)
Venkat
pnorm?
Maham
do u have r software
Venkat
no
Maham
its with tht u will get
Venkat
or type in google
Venkat
z mathportal calculator
Venkat
calculator
Venkat
OK venkat thanks
Maham
welcome
Venkat
have calculator but don't know how find z value
Maham
ti83
Venkat
hey guys I'm from computer background so what are the concepts I supposed to prepare for interview in statistics
Alwin
descriptive stats
Venkat
inferential stats
Venkat
outlier treatment
Venkat
boxplot
Venkat
ok
Alwin
assumption of linear regression
Venkat
logistic regression
Venkat
k means clustering
Venkat
exact syllabus?
Alwin
type. analytics vidya interview questions statistics
Venkat
listen. data also
Venkat
like this forum
Jameel
My question is "is it only stats?"
Jameel
wer is the problem
Venkat
how find straight line equation in regression
Maham Reply
u can find using excel
Venkat
or r studio
Venkat
for regression
Venkat
shall i help
Venkat
im an expert
Venkat
by giving a value to x,y
Ibrokhim
first provide data
Venkat
ill solve and guve
Venkat
ive
Venkat
yeah please
Maham
maham you posted data
Venkat
please post data
Venkat
ok
Maham
x:1,2,3,4,5 y:2,5,6,8,9
Maham
regredsion equation is
Venkat
y=0.9+1.7x
Venkat
reg eq is y=0.9+1.7x
Venkat
slope = 1.7
Venkat
yintercept = 0.9
Venkat
answered
Venkat
thanx venkat naveen😊
Maham
welcome
Venkat
the tenth percentile for land selling at jabi is 35,000 and the nineteenth percentile for the land price in the same area is 225,what is the 10_90 percentile range
sodiq Reply
what is statistics
Bhavani Reply
statistics is the beach of mathematics which deals with collection ,organisation, presentation, analysis and interpretation of numerical data
Saeed
oh but interpretation of data, like what and how? 🤔
Bhavani
interpretation: Think in a way that you have given a company year turnover and you have a record of 100years and data set is like (Year,Turnover). Now with that data you can interpret many thing how was the company growth, when were the losses and other things
Akash
interpretation: it is a process in which we make a decision about a population on the basis of sample data . example: if we want to interpret the average income of employees for upcoming year so we have to interpret the income of employees on the basis of previous year's income of those employees
Saeed
thank you saeed, Akash. I understood.
Bhavani
how to remember all this formulas easy ly
Madanapalle
no easy way
Pitior
best way is to do as many problems as possible
Pitior
Oh
Bhavani
is this the only one room? or separate room for separate users? 🤔
Bhavani
Threads*
Bhavani
Finding correlation and regression
Langat Reply
explain statistics whether it is a science or arts or both
ratnapriya Reply
I would say art is a creation. A chef is an artist. They create new dishes just like the painters. I believe one who creates something new, is an artist. So, Statistics is also an art, if you know it, you can create some new formula, theory, law, etcetera. It is also Science. So yes, it is both.
Rohan
how do you use the normal distribution table when testing the hypothesis
Davia
I am sorry Davia, I cannot help you with that.
Rohan
percentages of all the possible outcomes are measured. This is so simple and bases on the questionnaire or interview schedule. It's just measuring the probability chances of high %age of the either part of the hypothesis ... dependent ..independent. data is classified on the basis of respondents
saifuddin
how find CV(x) and CV(y) if X: 3,7,5,4,6,9 &Y:4,9,6,4,7,8 please tell
Maham
what percent of the students would be expected to score above 95?
Peachy Reply
inferential statistics is what?
Seyi Reply
in which we make infrences (hypothsis)
asad
surpose a data set of 2,3,5,6,1,4 are given find median
lucy Reply
fastest finger please
lucy
Mean (average) 4... Median (middle term) 3.5.. Mode (frequency) every element in a set has 1 frequrncy
Akash
i arrange the data set in ascending order. that is, 1,2,3,4,5,6. then find the data set that falls in the middle. in this case, 3 & 4 fall in the middle. you then sum and obtain the average. that is, (3+4)/2=3.5. therefore, 3.5 is the median.
Gbenga
both of you are correct.
Joseph
hello guys
Abasikponke
thanks
lucy
great to be here
King
how does a line graph look
King
hi
Davia
hello
lucy
pls who knows how line graph look like
King
line graph usually have a straight line running through axis
Dike
am new here anyone willing to orient me?
Timothy
find the media of the following numbers 61,64,67,70,73
lucy Reply
my body pls
lucy
67
Benmike
what happen to your body@hana
Benmike
what is the percentile for the set of data in the class C and frequency F(c,f)given by (9.3-9.7,2) (9.8-10.2,5) (10.3-10.7,12) (10.8-11.2,17) (11.3-11.7,14) (11.8-12.2,6) (12.3-12.7,3) (12.8-13.2,1)
Chinwendu Reply
how to find median
Hrishe Reply
arrange ascending and desending order than the mid value is Median
rajendra
ok
Hrishe
what if it is a group data
Oloyede
mean/ medium/ mode
Michelle
n\2 and n+1\2
asad
An operational manager at a manufacturing company is interested in the level of satisfaction of computer buyers. The manager has developed a satisfaction scale of 1-10 to mark their level of understanding with the company.What is the population of the interest?
thomas Reply
Any clues
Virtual

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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