<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

c) Music in the classical period

At the time of the Dutch occupation of the Cape (during the seventeenth century), military music was played at ceremonial occasions, and drums, trumpets and other wind instruments were used. Slave orchestras performed at the homes of wealthier families, or the children of the family entertained guests with music played on the violin, flute and harp. In Europe, the Germany of that time could boast with Johann Sebastian Bach and Georg Friederich Handel, who are counted among the world's greatest composers of all time.

During the eighteenth century particularly, the British relied on soldiers to provide public entertainment. Operas, ballet performances and operettas were frequently performed at the garrison theatre on Riebeeck square. The first Music Academy was established in Cape Town in 1826. Music masters like Pabst, Schrumpf and Letoming, particularly, performed there and played music by Mozart, Haydn and Viotti, amongst others. In Europe, composers like Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig von Beethoven were becoming known and gained worldwide fame.

d) Afrikaans folk music

You might have to refer to oral sources to underline the correct option from those in brackets:

  1. South African country music (Boeremusiek) came into being during (barn dances, cocktail parties, hunting trips).
  2. The musical instruments mainly comprised the accordion, the concertina, guitar and (banjo, piano, drums).
  3. The (toyi-toyi, swing, "vastrap") was the most popular dance of the 1940s.
  4. The "tiekiedraai" was a (slow dance, fast dance, waltz) in which couples made their turns in the space of a "tickey" (small coin the size of a current one-cent piece).

e) Modern music

Make use of oral sources again and then conduct a class discussion on the following assertions:

A person who has no music is like a chicken that has no feathers!

Music brings people together.

Change, also as far as music is concerned, cannot be halted.

What is the music of the new generation?

Let us take a look at the contribution that the different musical styles in South Africa have made to modern music.

Try to fit the different musical styles to the descriptions:

Marabi 1. It is a characteristic style of music that was developed by urban blacks during the twenties. It is a combination of Black and Western music. Cape Coloured musicians even included African-American melodies in it.
Kwela 2. African male choir music is a mixture of Zulu, Swazi, Western, Afrikaans and American sounds. It was made famous by Miriam Makeba.
Umbaqanga 3. This is the first South African musical style that has received international recognition. It is an urban musical style dating from the 1940s and played on flutes by groups of young boys particularly. More recently guitars and contrabass were added. (Mango Groove)
Mbuke 4. This is a mixture of local music and African jazz. It was influenced by Kwela, older traditional music and American jive music. It is played on electric guitars, accordions, drums and violins.

Now see whether you are able to link the descriptions in Column B with the artists/ groups in Column A:

A B
Ladysmith Black Mambazo 1. The name of this group is Savuka. They perform a mixture of Zulu songs, mbaqanga, rock ‘n roll and dances.
Johnny Clegg 2. They sing some of the cuts on the Paul Simon Graceland album. They received a Grammy award in 1985.
Mango Groove 3. These are Malay choirs. They sing lively folk songs like: “Daar kom die Alabama!”
Cape Coons 4. This is an international group with Claire Johnson as the lead singer. Their interpretation of kwela music is world famous.

Make use of a questionnaire to determine what the learners in your class indicate as their favourite music and compile a “TOP 10” list for the class.

Role-play the development of music in South Africa. Use as many musical instruments as possible (tape recordings are welcome!). You could even make your own recordings!

Remember that you will have to consider everyone's feelings and taste and use the whole group to the advantage of all!

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY- The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present

1.1 Access the sources

Start asking additional questions on events, artefacts, places, people. They vary in degree of difficulty.

1.2 Use the sources

Able to use page references

Know which sources (books) on specific topics contain information for an assignment / exhibition.

1.3 Communicate information from sources (reporting)

Able to explain information on a diagram, map, chart, sketch

Able to explain an event from the past orally or in writing.

Memorandum

a) String-: violin, banjo, guitar

b)

d) 1. barn dances

2. banjo

3. folk-dance “vastrap”

4. fast

f) Marabi (1)

Umbaquanga (4)

Kwela (3)

Mbukei (2)

g) Ladysmith Black Mambazo (2)

Mango Groove (4)

Johny Clegg (1)

Cape Coons (3)

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Social sciences: history grade 5' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask