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Learners who are emotionally and socially immature have difficulty with adjusting to the classroom situation and with participating actively. They struggle to control their emotions, are often quarrelsome, are unwilling to take on new things and work in groups, and may withdraw. To develop self-confidence and to be able to learn effectively, they need a secure learner-centred and stimulating environment where they will be challenged to learn.

Examples of activities:

  • Provide the child with an example by showing that you respect the feelings, beliefs and culture of others.
  • Accentuate the child’s positive character traits and help him / her to deal with aggression and negative feelings and develop self-assurance.
  • Therefore: let the child realise that, although wrong actions / behaviour is not acceptable, he / she will still be accepted as a person.
  • Encourage group games and participation in such games.
  • COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT problem solving skills

(Cognitive skills are thinking skills that enable effective learning.)

Problem solving skills

Guide the child to identify problems and to find solutions to problems through creative and critical thinking. Grade R educators offer challenges to their learners to motivate them to realise their full potential and develop into people that think critically and creatively as problem solvers.

  • PERCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT (Perception is the accurate observation, organisation and interpretation of information transmitted from the senses to the brain.)

The stimulation of visual and auditory perceptual skills is important in the case of the preschool child, because these skills form the prerequisites for effective learning.

  • VISUAL PERCEPTION (the accurate observation, organisation and interpretation of information transmitted from the eyes to the brain.)
  • Body image (a person’s awareness and experience of his or her own body)

Examples of activities:

  • Instructions, e.g. place your hand on your knee, etc.
  • Identifying parts of the body with regard to a doll
  • Tracing the hands on paper and cutting out the images
  • Puzzles representing the body (children could create these themselves by cutting out pictures)
  • Visual discrimination (the ability to discriminate between similarities and differences)

Examples of activities:

  • Old magazines – let the child, for instance, circle all the s’s and r’s
  • Bingo / Lotto games (finding the corresponding number)
  • Visual memory (the ability to remember stimuli perceived with the eyes)

Examples of activities:

  • Arrange 6 objects on a tray – let the child observe them for about 3 seconds – cover the objects – ask the child to name what was seen – remove 1 object – ask what is missing.
  • Flash picture – ask child to tell what was seen.
  • Audibloks visual cards
  • Visual constancy (the ability to recognise that the consistency of shapes in space remains the same, despite their orientation, size, colour, texture, etc.)

Examples of activities:

  • Games involving shapes, e.g. Lotto
  • Selecting and naming corresponding shapes
  • Associating shapes with objects, e.g. O (watch),  (matchbox)
  • Position in space (the perception of the relationship of an object with regard to the viewer)

Questions & Answers

how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Grade r - a learning programme. OpenStax CNX. Nov 03, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11135/1.1
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