<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Natuurwetenskappe

Materie, meting en reaksies

Materie en meting

Opvoeder afdeling

Memorandum

Voorbeelde van fisiese verandering : ‘n pan wat verhit word; tee wat afkoel

Voorbeelde van chemiese verandering: vuurhoutjie wat brand; brood wat rooster

Malvalekkers

  • Ja, dit smaak anders, effens na brand
  • Ja, dit het swart en poeieragtig geword
  • Chemiese verandering : Dit is permanent, die chemiese reaksie het die suiker in koolstof verander.

Leerder afdeling

Inhoud

Aktiwiteit: om fisiese en chemiese veranderinge in stowwe to ondersoek en te kan bespreek [lu 2.3]

Mense gebruik verskillende natuurlike stowwe en verander dit in iets anders. Stowwe word met ander gemeng, verhit, geskei, opgelos of met elektrisiteit behandel ten einde die verandering teweeg te bring. Sommige veranderinge is egter nie blywend nie, maar ander is weer nie omkeerbaar nie. Ons onderskei tussen fisiese en chemiese verandering.

Fisiese Verandering

Wanneer versuikerde heuning in ‘n pot verhit word, raak dit weer vloeibaar. Sodra dit egter weer afkoel en blootgestel word aan lug, versuiker dit weer. Geen nuwe stowwe is gevorm nie, die eienskappe is nog presies dieselfde en ons noem hierdie verandering ‘n fisiese verandering. In die vorige eksperiment het die oranje kwikoksied weer swart geword nadat dit afgekoel het (fisiese verandering).

Chemiese Verandering

Wanneer rou pannekoekdeeg in warm olie gegooi word, gebeur daar iets. Die voorkoms van die deeg verander. Dit is nie meer loperig nie en word hard. Die verandering wat plaasgevind het, is permanent. Veranderings wat permanent is en wat iets nuuts voortbring, word chemiese veranderings genoem. Die nuwe stof se eienskappe verskil van die oorspronklike stof s’n. Die kwikoksied het ook ‘n chemiese verandering ondergaan toe dit ontbind het in kwik en suurstof.

Noem nog twee voorbeelde van fisiese en twee voorbeelde van chemiese veranderinge.

_____________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

Probeer die volgende:

Bring malvalekkers skool toe. Sit dit op die punt van ‘n vurk en hou dit oor ‘n vlam. Beantwoord dan die volgende vrae.

  • Het die smaak verander nadat dit verhit is? Wag totdat dit afkoel voordat jy proe.
  • Het die voorkoms verander? Beskryf die verandering.
  • Is dit ‘n chemiese of ‘n fisiese verandering? Motiveer jou bevinding.

_____________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

Assessering

Leeruitkomste 2: Die leerder ken, interpreteer en pas wetenskaplike, tegnologiese en omgewingskennis toe.

Assesseringstandaard 2.3: Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder inligting interpreteer: identifiseer kernidees in die teks, vind patrone in aangetekende data en maak gevolgtrekkings uit inligting in verskeie vorme (prente, diagramme, ens.).

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Natuurwetenskappe graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11078/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Natuurwetenskappe graad 7' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask