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    Capacity responsibility (conditions for imputing or assigning responsibility)

  • Self-sameness (Identity): The agent caused the action and the agent's identity persists or continues from the moment of act to the moment of accountability. F.H. Bradley: "I must be throughout one identical person. We do not say, 'He is not the same man that he was,' but always in another sense, to signify that the character or disposition of the person is altered." Ethical Studies , 5
  • Moral Sense : The agent has skills pertinent to honing in on moral relevance and collecting thought, emotion, and will into responsive action. As Bradley puts it, "Responsibility implies a moral agent. No one is accountable, who is not capable of knowing (not, who does not know) the moral quality of his acts. Wherever we can not presume upon a capacity for apprehending (not, an actual apprehension of) moral distinctions, in such cases, for example, as those of young children and some madmen, there is, and there can be, no responsibility because there exists no moral will." Ethical Studies 7
  • Ownership : Minimally, this condition requires the absence of ignorance and compulsion. As Bradley puts it, "it [the act] must have belonged to me--it must have been mine....The deed must issue from my will; in Aristotle's language, the arche must be in myself. ["Arche" is the Greek workd for beginning or principle.]Where I am forced, there I do nothing....Not only must the deed be an act, and come from the man without compulsion, but, in the second place, the doer must be supposed intelligent; he must know the particular circumstances of the case;;;;If the man is ignorant, and if it was not his duty to know...then the deed is not his act." Ethical Studies , 5-6.
  • Ignorance and compulsion are not excusable if the they result from past, negligent actions. For example, if my failure to find crucial information in the past--"I don't want to know..."--caused my present ignorance it is not excusable. If my past actions and choices got me into the present compelling situation, then I am also responsible.
  • Bradley's definition of compulsion is, roughly, the production in an individual of a state of mind or body that is contrary to his or her actual will. Holding a loaded gun to my head and telling me to sign the contract, is compulsion because the fear it produces in my mind leads me to an action that, absent the gun, I would not do. Tripping me produces a state of body--falling--that is contrary to my actual will of standing straight.

    More on strawson

  • Participant reactive attitudes : "What I have called the participant reactive attitudes are essentially natural human reactions to the good or ill will or indifferences of others towards us, as displayed in their attitudes and actions" Strawson, "Freedom and Resentment," 10-11. For Strawson, responsibility arises when we hold one another responsible for living up to certain standards and when we respond with "reactive attitudes" when there is a failure to live up to these standards.
  • Objective attitude : "on the other hand, [the objective attitude] withholds subjecting oneself and others to reactive attitudes. In cases of insanity, childhood, or some other relevant deficiency, the individual does ot fit in the network of relations supported by reactive attitudes." "Freedom and Resentment" 18-19.
  • Examples : Resentment, Indignation, Shame.
  • Positive Correlates : Gratitude, Admiration, Pride

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Statement of values. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11467/1.4
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