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Give an example of energy carried by an electromagnetic wave.

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In an MRI scan, a higher magnetic field requires higher frequency radio waves to resonate with the nuclear type whose density and location is being imaged. What effect does going to a larger magnetic field have on the most efficient antenna to broadcast those radio waves? Does it favor a smaller or larger antenna?

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Laser vision correction often uses an excimer laser that produces 193-nm electromagnetic radiation. This wavelength is extremely strongly absorbed by the cornea and ablates it in a manner that reshapes the cornea to correct vision defects. Explain how the strong absorption helps concentrate the energy in a thin layer and thus give greater accuracy in shaping the cornea. Also explain how this strong absorption limits damage to the lens and retina of the eye.

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Problems&Exercises

(a) Two microwave frequencies are authorized for use in microwave ovens: 900 and 2560 MHz. Calculate the wavelength of each. (b) Which frequency would produce smaller hot spots in foods due to interference effects?

(a) 33.3 cm (900 MHz) 11.7 cm (2560 MHz)

(b) The microwave oven with the smaller wavelength would produce smaller hot spots in foods, corresponding to the one with the frequency 2560 MHz.

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(a) Calculate the range of wavelengths for AM radio given its frequency range is 540 to 1600 kHz. (b) Do the same for the FM frequency range of 88.0 to 108 MHz.

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A radio station utilizes frequencies between commercial AM and FM. What is the frequency of a 11.12-m-wavelength channel?

26.96 MHz

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Find the frequency range of visible light, given that it encompasses wavelengths from 380 to 760 nm.

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Combing your hair leads to excess electrons on the comb. How fast would you have to move the comb up and down to produce red light?

5.0 × 10 14 Hz

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Electromagnetic radiation having a 15 . 0 μ m size 12{"15" "." 0-mm} {} wavelength is classified as infrared radiation. What is its frequency?

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Approximately what is the smallest detail observable with a microscope that uses ultraviolet light of frequency 1 . 20 × 10 15 Hz size 12{1 "." "20"´"10" rSup { size 8{"15"} } " Hz"} {} ?

λ = c f = 3 . 00 × 10 8 m/s 1 . 20 × 10 15 Hz = 2 . 50 × 10 7 m size 12{λ= { {c} over {f} } = { {3 "." "00"´"10" rSup { size 8{8} } " m/s"} over {1 "." "20"´"10" rSup { size 8{"15"} } " Hz"} } = {underline {2 "." "50"´"10" rSup { size 8{ +- 7} } " m"}} } {}

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A radar used to detect the presence of aircraft receives a pulse that has reflected off an object 6 × 10 5 s size 12{6´"10" rSup { size 8{-5} } " s"} {} after it was transmitted. What is the distance from the radar station to the reflecting object?

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Some radar systems detect the size and shape of objects such as aircraft and geological terrain. Approximately what is the smallest observable detail utilizing 500-MHz radar?

0.600 m

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Determine the amount of time it takes for X-rays of frequency 3 × 10 18 Hz size 12{3´"10" rSup { size 8{"18"} } " Hz"} {} to travel (a) 1 mm and (b) 1 cm.

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If you wish to detect details of the size of atoms (about 1 × 10 10 m size 12{1´"10" rSup { size 8{-"10"} } " m"} {} ) with electromagnetic radiation, it must have a wavelength of about this size. (a) What is its frequency? (b) What type of electromagnetic radiation might this be?

(a) f = c λ = 3 . 00 × 10 8 m/s 1 × 10 - 10 m = 3 × 10 18 Hz size 12{f= { {c} over {λ} } = { {3 "." "00"´"10" rSup { size 8{8} } " m/s"} over {1´"10" rSup { size 8{ +- "10"} } " m"} } = {underline {3´"10" rSup { size 8{"18"} } " Hz"}} } {}

(b) X-rays

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If the Sun suddenly turned off, we would not know it until its light stopped coming. How long would that be, given that the Sun is 1 . 50 × 10 11 m size 12{1 "." "50"´"10" rSup { size 8{"11"} } " m"} {} away?

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Distances in space are often quoted in units of light years, the distance light travels in one year. (a) How many meters is a light year? (b) How many meters is it to Andromeda, the nearest large galaxy, given that it is 2 . 00 × 10 6 size 12{2 "." "00"´"10" rSup { size 8{6} } } {} light years away? (c) The most distant galaxy yet discovered is 12 . 0 × 10 9 size 12{"12" "." 0´"10" rSup { size 8{9} } } {} light years away. How far is this in meters?

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Questions & Answers

what is the formula of displacement
Mohammed Reply
d=vt displacement= velocity×time
bilal
can some one tell me how v=RW is dimensionally correct?
YAGNAK Reply
ms-1 = m X Hz
babar
What is displacement
Megha Reply
shortest distance b/w two points
bilal
distance+direction
A.d
explain distanace+direction
bilal
the change of postion from one point to another with direction
A.d
if we change thrle direction then displacement is destroy?
bilal
change the direction then?
bilal
what do u mean by i didnt understand bro
A.d
displacement is one dimension...?
bilal
displacement is the total length an object cover from initial to the final with respect to direction as Well as time.
mohammed
thanks
bilal
displacement is the ratio of speed with respect to particular time
Bhautik
shortest distance travel from initial point to final point
ankit
is straight shortest line that connect initial pt with final pt.
Zeleke
what are the differences between vector and scalar quantity
Kabba Reply
vector is assigned to those physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude! example velocity ,scalar just has magnitude example Mass of an object. hope it helps
Mudang
velocity is produce in fan...?
bilal Reply
how many electrons are there in 5 microcouloumb
Obed Reply
can a given total amount of mechanical energy be totally converted into heat energy..if so give example
Muhammad Reply
human running
Emmanuel
what is the fumula for calculating specific heat capacity, fusion,fission and vaporization?
Dohn Reply
Q=cm(∆t)
Emmanuel
Q=cm∆T
Muhammad
what is difference b/w vaporization and evaporation
Muhammad
evaporation is the process of extracting moisture while vaporization is process of becoming a vapor or gas
Emmanuel
From a molecular standpoint they are both cooling processes. Also, you may want to explore states of matter😊 #myTwoCents ~Shi~
Shii
cooling is a similarlity in both process I am confused in difference
Muhammad
1- Evaporation is a process where a liquid change to gas without reaching its boiling point. 2- Vaporization is a process where a liquid change to gas after reaching its boiling point. 3- Sublimation is a process where a solid changes into vapour without passing through a liquid state
Victor
I see. Evaporation is a type of vaporization, that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point. hope that aids
Shii
vaporisation is cooling process while vaporization is heating process
Emmanuel
I mean to write evaporation is an heating process while vaporization is cooling process
Emmanuel
Yea here are two applications. 1- your wet washed clothes dry under the sun, the water EVAPORATES 2- when u are cooking, it reaches a point where u need to add more water because the water you added previously is getting dried. this is VAPORIZATION. Am not sure which is a cooling or heating process
Victor
vaporization occur only when the evaporation get to level where the above cloud is been (saturated) so cooling take place and started to change to liquid (eg rain fall)
Emmanuel
They are both properties of the same process so they're both cooling
Shii
what about sublimation? cooling or heating process?
Victor
exact
Muhammad
evaporation is the increase in kinetic energy of the liquid which can be gone by adding heat
Emmanuel
so its an heating process
Emmanuel
sublimation is when a solid change to gas
Emmanuel
evaporation is very definitely a cooling process. respectfully@Emmanuel when liquid turns to gas it requires more energy from its surroundings, this energy is in the form of heat, and when heat energy leaves the evaporating liquid it leaves it cooler. Thus, cooling process.
Shii
.
Shii
evaporation is very definitely a cooling process. respectfully@Emmanuel
Shii
kk
Emmanuel
You're right @Shi. I get your point
Victor
eascape velocity on the surface of Earth is 11.2 kms-1 the escape velocity on the surface of another planet of same mass as that of Earth but of 1/4 times of radius of Earth is a5.6kms-1 b11.2 kms-1 c22.4kms-1 d5.6ms-1
Muhammad
Emm.. is that a question? or..
Victor
it is McQ
Muhammad
a)5.6km/s
Alvis
c= Q/cm◇T
A.d
it's answer is 22.4
Muhammad
units...
Shii
vital
Shii
the time period of the artificial satellite is given by ?
raza
Why is there no 2nd harmonic in the classical electron orbit?
Shree Reply
how to reform magnet after been demagneted
Inuwa Reply
A petrol engine has a output of 20 kilowatts and uses 4.5 kg of fuel for each hour of running. The energy given out when 1 kg of petrol is burnt is 4.8 × 10 to the power of 7 Joules. a) What is the energy output of the engine every hour? b) What is the energy input of the engine every hour?
Morris Reply
Issac Newton devised a genius way to calculate changing quantities...
Shii
what is the error during taking work done of a body..
Aliyu Reply
what kind of error do you think? and work is held by which force?
Daniela
I am now in this group
smart
theory,laws,principles and what-a-view are not defined. why? you
Douglas Reply
A simple pendulum is used in a physics laboratory experiment to obtain an experimental value for the gravitational acceleration, g . A student measures the length of the pendulum to be 0.510 meters, displaces it 10 o from the equilibrium position, and releases it. Using a s
Emmanuel Reply
so what question are you passing across... sir?
Olalekan
Two masses of 2 kg and 4 kg are held with a compressed spring between them. If the masses are released, the spring will push them away from each other. If the smaller mass moves off with a velocity of 6m/s, what is the stored energy in the spring when it is compressed?
Emmanuel Reply
54 joule
babar
how?
rakesh
Reduce that two body problem into one body problem. Apply potential and k. E formula to get total energy of the system
rakesh
i dont think dere is any potential energy... by d virtue of no height present
Olalekan
there is compressed energy,dats only potential energy na?
rakesh
yes.. but... how will u approach that question without The Height in the question?
Olalekan
Can you explain how you get 54J?
Emmanuel
Because mine is 36J
Emmanuel
got 36J too
Douglas
OK the answer is 54J Babar is correct
Emmanuel
Conservation of Momentum
Emmanuel
woow i see.. can you give the formula for this
joshua

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Source:  OpenStax, College physics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9
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