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Exercise a

Introduction

As you have seen in the material above, justice can be at least partially derived from an imagined social contract where rationally self-interested individuals negotiate how society should distribute access to primary goods such as (1) liberties and rights, (2) opportunities and powers, and (3) wages and wealth. Social contract theory thus devises a negotiation whose end result generates principles and procedures of distributive justice. In this activities section, you will carry out two different versions of the social contract, one without what Rawls terms a veil of ignorance and the other under the veil of ignorance.

First, you will participate in a natural lottery. From a hat (or box) you will draw one of the following:

    The natural lottery

  • You (or your group) has been born as a woman
  • You (or your group) has been born as Michael Jordan. (You have talents that would make you an excellent basketball player if these are properly developed.
  • You (or your group) has been born as Albert Hirschmann, a German of Jewish dissent who comes of age in the 1930s in Nazi Germany. You have extraordinary mental talents and have a good preliminary education but are now living in a world where people of your descent are the objects of persecution.
  • You (or your group) has been born as a graduate from the Harvard MBA program.
  • You (or your group) has been born in a nation that occupies what is now called the "Global South." (Haiti would be a good example.)
  • You (or your group) has been born as a Black man who has always lived in Detroit, MI.

    Some key assumptions to guide you all through the negotiation process.

  • Your group has interests that need to be protected in this process. You can try to integrate interests, compromise interests, or tradeoff interests with one another.
  • You and the other parties to the contract are rationally self-interested. As such you are interested in maximizing access to Primary Goods such as rights and liberties, opportunities and powers, income and wealth.
  • You are willing to accept constraints to your primary goods but only if other groups also do so. In other words, you should not unilaterally give up your group’s access to any primary goods since these compose rational-self interest and are also essential to survival.
  • This contract is supposedly neutral as to different conceptions of the self, for example, whether the self is essentially or non-essentially related to any community. But it tends in the direction of what MacPherson terms “possessive individualism.” In this case, there is a human nature that is prior to an independent of any relation to other individuals or to a community. Hobbes reduces this human nature to acquisitiveness or unlimited desire. Locke and Rousseau see a “fellow feeling” as balancing or checking acquisitive desire.

Negotiate a new social contract with the other groups.

Negotiate a contract whose structure represents the best procedure for distributing goods, risks, and harms among the different stakeholders listed in one. Be prepared to defend your contract against claims that it privileges one of these groups over another.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection of ethics modules for civis. OpenStax CNX. Feb 26, 2013 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11493/1.1
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