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But the application of thought to textual criticism is an action which ought to be within the power of anyone who canapply thought to anything. It is not, like the talent for textual criticism, a gift of nature, but it is a habit; and, like otherhabits, it can be formed. And, when formed, although it cannot fill the place of an absent talent, it can modify and minimise theill effects of the talent's absence. Because a man is not a born critic, he need not therefore act like a born fool; but when heengages in textual criticism he often does. There are reasons for everything, and there are reasons for this; and I will now setforth the chief of them. The fact that thought is not sufficiently applied to the subject I shall showhereafter by examples; but at present I consider the causes which bring that result about.

First, then, not only is a natural aptitude for the study rare, but so also is a genuine interest in it. Most people,and many scholars among them, find it rather dry and rather dull. Now if a subject bores us, we are apt to avoid the troubleof thinking about it; but if we do that, we had better go further and avoid also the trouble of writing about it. And that is whatEnglish scholars often did in the middle of the nineteenth century, when nobody in England wanted to hear about textualcriticism. This was not an ideal condition of affairs, but it had its compensation. The less one says about a subject which one doesnot understand, the less one will say about it which is foolish; and on this subject editors were allowed by public opinion to besilent if they chose. But public opinion is now aware that textual criticism, however repulsive, is nevertheless indispensable, andeditors find that some presence of dealing with the subject is obligatory; and in these circumstances they apply, not thought,but words, to textual criticism. They get rules by rote without grasping the realities of which those [71]rules are merely emblems, and recite them on inappropriate occasions instead ofseriously thinking out each problem it arises.

Secondly, it is only a minority of those who engage in this study who are sincerely bent upon the discovery oftruth. We all know that the discovery of truth is seldom the sole object of political writers; and the world believes, justly orunjustly, that it is not always the sole object of theologians: but the amount of sub-conscious dishonesty which pervades thetextual criticism of the Greek and Latin classics is little suspected except by those who have had occasion to analyseit. People come upon this field bringing with them prepossessions and preferences; they are not willing to look all facts in theface, nor to draw the most probable conclusion unless it is also the most agreeable conclusion. Most men are rather stupid, andmost of those who are not stupid are, consequently, rather vain; and it hardly possible to step aside from the pursuit of truthwithout falling a victim either to your stupidity or else to your vanity. Stupidity will then attach you to received opinions, andyou will stick in the mud; or vanity will set you hunting for novelty, and you will find mare's-nests. Added to these snares andhindrances there are the various forms of partisanship: sectarianism, which handcuffs you to your own school and teachersand associates, and patriotism, which handcuffs you to your own country. Patriotism has a great name as a virtue, and in civicmatters, at the present stage of the world's history, it possibly still does more good than harm; but in the sphere of intellect itis an unmitigated nuisance. I do not know which cuts the worse figure: a German scholar encouraging his countrymen to believethat"wir Deutsche"have nothing to learn from foreigners, or an Englishman demonstrating the unity of Homer by sneers at"Teutonic professors,"who are supposed by his audience to have goggle eyes behind large spectacles, and ragged moustaches saturated in lagerbeer, and consequently to be incapable of forming literary judgments.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Text as property/property as text. OpenStax CNX. Feb 10, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10217/1.7
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