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We know this when the learner:

3.1 reads a text:

3.1.1 identifies purpose, audience and context;

3.2 understands some elements of poetry and of the terms used to describe this language:

3.4 reads for information:

3.4.1 reads information texts;

3.4.2 reads diagrams, graphs and charts of increasing complexity;

3.4.4 summarises information.

LO 4


The learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

We know this when the learner:

4.1 writes to communicate information:

4.1.1 writes longer texts of several paragraphs, describing processes and procedures, giving explanations, advantages, disadvantages, arguing for and against;

4.1.3 does a survey and writes it up (e.g. as a report);

4.4 writes creatively:

4.4.2 shows development in the ability to write stories, poems and play-scripts (e.g. by working with design);

4.6 treats writing as a process:

4.6.1 drafts, reads and discusses own writing critically;

4.6.3 uses knowledge of grammar, spelling, etc., to edit.

LO 5
Thinking and Reasoning The learner will be able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language and literacy across the curriculum:
5.1.1 understands some concepts from other Learning Areas and uses the vocabulary associated with them in the additional language (e.g. “xenophobia” in Social Sciences);5.1.2 writes texts required in other Learning Areas (e.g. reports and explanations in Natural Sciences);
5.2 uses language for thinking:
5.2.1 asks and answers more complex questions;
5.2.5 draws conclusions;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways:
5.3.1 selects relevant information and takes notes (organises key ideas under headings and sub-headings, uses layout such as capital letters and underlining).



The idea is that they do the first summary in order to learn for the second and it is the second that will be marked. Let them understand this.

  • You might like to play them some Bach or Vivaldi and show them pictures so that they can picture the period in which they lived. They might also like to consider what was happening in History during their life-time and to tell the class what they found out?


This is a research project and should be done thoroughly – so they need to understand their parameters and also the full detail of the assignment. This is something that can be presented at a parent evening with proceeds of the food sold going to a charity of the class is choice. Go through exactly what it is they should research and exactly how they should present it.


They have been working in groups but do need to rate their success and to assess where the difficulties lay and see if they can correct them – otherwise we are consolidating mistakes, see? If there is a difficult learner, call him/her aside and explain the value of group work privately.


National pride can be chauvinistic and blind – it can be fervent and zealous. It can mislead and scam. The learner must perhaps look at examples of national pride around the world, and question it and commit somehow. After all, we want South Africans to be proud.

  • However, it is the work that is done on the rough draft that is significant. Here is where you can stress the value of editing.


It is generally not easy for learners to talk about their feelings but here is a chance for them to open up. Allow them space but also explain that tolerance of the rest of he group is healthy and vital to the success of this ACTIVITY. Perhaps it is a good idea if you explain that everybody has to talk in a quiet tone. Then you will create the right atmosphere for this personal ACTIVITY.


Once learners have identified musical instruments (and added others), perhaps they might like to make an instrument of their own. This could be so creative, innovative and if you add that they should re-cycle something in the process it has added value, see?

  • Perhaps you can find an example of all the instruments and play them so that they HEAR the different sounds. It is also a good idea to show them how an orchestra works and to TAKE them to hear an orchestra playing?


Impromptu’s are valuable but scary for learners so they need much reassurance. Turn this into a fun exercise by allowing them to laugh but explaining that the laughter comes from compassion for the speaker and not laughing at the speaker!

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11061/1.1
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