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English first additional language

Grade 7

Module 4

Silent reading and written work

1. SILENT READING

(a) Read the following extract carefully, and answer the questions .

TRAINING YOUR CAT

Contrary to popular belief, cats can be trained - although it does take a little patience. The most important rule to remember is that rewards are much more effective than punishment. Your punishing her for misbehaviour can easily damage the delicate relationship between you and your kitten. A stern "No!" can be effective, but more physical expressions of disapproval are almost invariably counter-productive. You should approach training by taking a step at a time, continually rewarding desired actions and offering no encouragement for bad behaviour.

No kitten will come to an owner if she expects to be punished. Only love and reward can persuade your kitten to come when you call her name. Use your kitten's name regularly at mealtimes and play sessions. Once she begins to associate her name with pleasant experiences, try adding the word "come" just after it. Use this technique just before you set down her feeding dish. Once she has begun to grasp the meaning of the new command, reinforce her behaviour with a reward and affection.

Once a kitten learns to use furniture and curtains to sharpen her claws, it will be hard to convince her to stop. Start training her as soon as possible on a scratching post. As with litter tray training, the secret is to show the kitten what to do. Hold her near the post and scratch her claws on the surface. She'll soon form an attachment to her new exercise toy.

Although cats, unlike dogs, do not take naturally to walking on a lead, they can be trained to do so - provided you start while your cat is still a kitten. For this purpose, you'll need a lead and a harness (collars are too easily slipped off). Begin with short walks in you kitten's familiar surroundings before venturing out of doors. Let your kitten wander where she likes - provided she stays out of danger. Don't try to make her heel like a dog; let her follow along in your footsteps if she likes. With a few training sessions a week, you'll find that your cat will look forward to brief outings with you on a regular basis.

(b) Answer the following questions by underlining the correct answer.

(i) To train your cat takes

  • a lot of hard work
  • a little patience
  • little time
  • a long time

(ii) To punish a cat can

  • help her to behave
  • help her with effective training
  • upset her
  • easily damage your relationship

(iii) When you want to persuade your kitten to come to you

  • reward and love her
  • shout at her
  • call her different names
  • give her some snacks

(iv) To prevent your kitten from sharpening her claws on your curtains and furniture

  • cut her nails
  • punish her
  • train her to use a scratching post
  • keep her outside

(v) If you want to take your cat on regular outings

  • use a collar
  • train her with a lead and a harness
  • put her in a basket
  • try to make her heel like a dog

(vi) Find words in the extract with the same meaning as

  • coaching
  • destroyed
  • vulnerable
  • well-known
  • taking a risk

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how to synthesize TiO2 nanoparticles by chemical methods
Zubear
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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