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The TI TMS320C54x microprocessor provides a number of ways to specify the location of data to be used in calculations. Immediate addressing, direct addressing, and indirect addressing are the three main types. Knowing the basic addressing modes of a microprocessor is important because they map directly into assembly language syntax and because the need to use a particular addressing mode often dictates which instruction one picks for a given task.

Microprocessors provide a number of ways to specify the location of data to be used in calculations. For example, one of thedata values to be used in an add instruction may be encoded as part of that instruction's opcode , the raw machine language produced by the assembler as it parses yourassembly language program. This is known as immediate addressing . Alternatively, perhaps the opcode will instead contain a memory address which holds the data( direct addressing ). More commonly, the instruction will specify that an auxiliary register holds the memory addresswhich in turn holds the data ( indirect addressing ). The processor knows which addressing mode is being used byexamining special bit fields in the instruction opcode.

Knowing the basic addressing modes of your microprocessor is important because they map directly into assembly languagesyntax. Many annoying and sometimes hard-to-find bugs are caused by inadvertently using the wrong addressing mode in aninstruction. Also, in any assembly language, the need to use a particular addressing mode often dictates which instruction onepicks for a given task.

Chapter five, Data Addressing , in the CPU and Peripherals reference contains extended descriptions of most of the addressing modes described below.

Accumulators: src, dst

Whenever the abbreviations src or dst are used in the assembly language syntax description for an instruction, it means that only theaccumulators A and B may be used for that particular operand. These are seen everywhere, but twoclassic examples are ld , which always loads data into an accumulator from somewhere else, and sth/stl , which always store data from an accumulator to somewhere else.


ld *AR5,A ; sets A = (contents of memory location pointed to by AR5) sth B,*AR7+ ; sets (contents of memory location pointed to be AR7) = B, ; and then increments AR7 by one

Memory-mapped registers: mmr, mmrx, mmry

Many of the TMS320C54x registers are memory-mapped, meaning that they occupy real addresses at the low end of data memoryspace. The most commonly used of these are the auxiliary registers AR0 through AR7 . Whenever the abbreviation MMR is used in the assembly language syntax description for an instruction, it means thatany memory-mapped register may be used for that particular operand. Only eight instructions use memory-mapped registeraddressing: ldm , mvdm , mvmd , mvmm , popm , pshm , stlm , and stm . With mvmm , since the instruction accepts two memory-mapped register operands, MMRx and MMRy , only AR0 - AR7 and SP may be used.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Dsp laboratory with ti tms320c54x. OpenStax CNX. Jan 22, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10078/1.2
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