<< Chapter < Page | Chapter >> Page > |
Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.
Every linear equation has a unique line that represents all the solutions of the equation. When graphing a line by plotting points, each person who graphs the line can choose any three points, so two people graphing the line might use different sets of points.
At first glance, their two lines might appear different since they would have different points labeled. But if all the work was done correctly, the lines will be exactly the same line. One way to recognize that they are indeed the same line is to focus on where the line crosses the axes. Each of these points is called an intercept of the line .
Each of the points at which a line crosses the $x\text{-axis}$ and the $y\text{-axis}$ is called an intercept of the line.
Let’s look at the graph of the lines shown in [link] .
First, notice where each of these lines crosses the x - axis:
Figure: | The line crosses the x-axis at: | Ordered pair of this point |
---|---|---|
42 | 3 | (3,0) |
43 | 4 | (4,0) |
44 | 5 | (5,0) |
45 | 0 | (0,0) |
Do you see a pattern?
For each row, the y- coordinate of the point where the line crosses the x- axis is zero. The point where the line crosses the x- axis has the form $(a,0)$ ; and is called the x-intercept of the line. The x- intercept occurs when y is zero.
Now, let's look at the points where these lines cross the y-axis.
Figure: | The line crosses the y-axis at: | Ordered pair for this point |
---|---|---|
42 | 6 | (0,6) |
43 | -3 | (0,-3) |
44 | -5 | (0,-5) |
45 | 0 | (0,0) |
The $x\text{-intercept}$ is the point, $(a,0),$ where the graph crosses the $x\text{-axis}.$ The $x\text{-intercept}$ occurs when $\text{y}$ is zero.
The $y\text{-intercept}$ is the point, $(0,b),$ where the graph crosses the $y\text{-axis}.$
The $y\text{-intercept}$ occurs when $\text{x}$ is zero.
Find the $x\text{- and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}y\text{-intercepts}$ of each line:
ⓐ $\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}x+2y=4$
ⓑ $\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}3x-y=6$
ⓒ $\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}x+y=\mathrm{-5}$
ⓐ | |
The graph crosses the x -axis at the point (4, 0). | The x -intercept is (4, 0). |
The graph crosses the y -axis at the point (0, 2). | The x -intercept is (0, 2). |
ⓑ | |
The graph crosses the x -axis at the point (2, 0). | The x -intercept is (2, 0) |
The graph crosses the y -axis at the point (0, −6). | The y -intercept is (0, −6). |
ⓒ | |
The graph crosses the x -axis at the point (−5, 0). | The x -intercept is (−5, 0). |
The graph crosses the y -axis at the point (0, −5). | The y -intercept is (0, −5). |
Find the $x\text{-}$ and $y\text{-intercepts}$ of the graph: $x-y=2.$
x -intercept (2,0): y -intercept (0,−2)
Find the $x\text{-}$ and $y\text{-intercepts}$ of the graph: $2x+3y=6.$
x -intercept (3,0); y -intercept (0,2)
Notification Switch
Would you like to follow the 'Prealgebra' conversation and receive update notifications?