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To move an entire school system along the three paths identified above, change leaders need a whole-systemtransformation protocol that will help them locate and navigate the three nonlinear paths to higher student, teacher and staff, andwhole-district learning.

Three Paths to Improvement

Over the past 50 years a lot has been learned about how to improve entire systems. One of the core principles ofwhole-system change is that three sets of key organizational variables must be improved simultaneously (e.g., see Pasmore,1988). These three sets of variables are characterized as change-paths in the protocol presented below. Let us examine thetopography of each of these change-paths before exploring the change protocol.

Path 1: Improve a District’s Relationship with Its External Environment

A school district is an open system. An open system is one that interacts with its environment by exchanging avalued product or service in return for needed resources. If change leaders want their district to become a high performing schoolsystem they need to have a positive and supporting relationship with stakeholders in their district’s external environment. But they can not wait until they transform their district to startworking on these relationships. They need positive and supporting relationships shortly before they begin making important changeswithin their district. So, they have to improve their district’s relationships with key external stakeholders as they prepare theirschool system to begin its transformation journey.

Path 2: Improve a District’s Core and Supporting Work Processes

Core work is the most important work of any organization. In school districts, the core work is a sequencedinstructional program (e.g., often a preK-12th grade instructional program) conjoined with classroom teaching and learning (Duffy,2002; Duffy, 2003). Core work is maintained and enriched by supporting work. In school districts, supporting work roles includeadministrators, supervisors, education specialists, librarians, cafeteria workers, janitors, bus drivers, and others. Supportingwork is important to the success of a school district, but it is not the most important work. Classroom teaching and learning is themost important work and it must be elevated to that status if a school system wants to increase its overall effectiveness.

When trying to improve a school system, both the core and supporting work processes must be improved. Further,the entire work process (e.g., preK-12th grade) must be examined and improved, not just parts of it (e.g., not just the middleschool, not just the language arts curriculum, or not just the high school). One of the reasons the entire work process must beimproved is because of a systems improvement principle expressed as“upstream errors flow downstream”(Pasmore, 1988). This principle reflects the fact that mistakes made early in a work process flowdownstream, are compounded, and create more problems later on in the process; for example, consider a comment made by a high schoolprincipal when he first heard a description of this principle. He said,“Yes, I understand. And, I see that happening in our district. Our middle school program is being‘dumbed-down’and those students are entering our high school program unprepared forour more rigorous curriculum. And, there is nothing we can do about it.”Upstream errors always flow downstream.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Organizational change in the field of education administration. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10402/1.2
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