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Grade 4

Map work

Module 7

Large scale maps

1. The World

From this picture we can deduct that the earth is round. A round map of the earth is called a globe.

Have you ever tried to cut open and flatten a deflated ball? That is why most world maps portray the earth as “flat”.

2. Africa (my continent)

  • The continent on which you live, is called ……………………………………….
  • Africa is the second largest continent on earth. Africa consists of 49 countries. A country is a large piece of earth within fixed borders. The borders separate one country from the other.

Activity 1

To read a map of the world [lo 1.5]

Study the map of the world on the previous page and answer the questions.

1. How many continents are there? …………………………………………

2. Which continent is the largest? ……………………………………………

3. Which continent is the smallest?……….……………………………………

4. Which ocean is found between Africa and South America?…………………

Which ocean is found between South America and Australia?

Activity 2

Map work: africa [lo 1.5]

Colour in all the countries on the African continent beginning with an “N” in brown.

1. Colour your country (South Africa) red.

2. Write down the names of the countries that border on South Africa.

A country that borders on another country is called a neighbouring country .

3. South Africa (My land)

  • South Africa lies at the southern tip of the African continent. Like other countries a government that also makes the laws of the country rules South Africa.
  • Look carefully at the map of South Africa.

Within the borders of a country there are other borders that divide the country into provinces.

  • How many provinces are there in South Africa? ..............................
  • Borders are determined by people and can therefore be changed. Until 1994 there were only four provinces.

Activity 3

To answer questions on map work [lo 1.5]

Look carefully at the map key of South Africa and answer the following questions:

1. Which big mountain range do we find in Kwazulu-Natal?

2. Name three minerals that are mined in the Northern Cape.

3. Which province is the farthest north?

4. Which river on the northern border of the Northern Cape flows into the Atlantic Ocean?

5. In which ocean will you be swimming when holidaying in Durban?

6. Which province is the smallest?

7. In which province are you when you are on a holiday in Port Elizabeth?

  1. True / False? The coal mined in Mpumalanga can be exported to other countries by boat

Activity 4

To use information from sources to answer questions about people and places [lo 1.5]

Your educator will hang a wall map of the world in the classroom. Listen to the world news every day and read newspapers. Bring geography articles to class and let your educator indicate with a pin on the wall map on which continent the events occurred. Discuss them and give your own opinion.



Learning outcome 1: geographical enquiry

The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and

environmental concepts and processes.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.5 identifies important political boundaries and key human and physical features on large-scale maps [works with sources].


  • Africa
  1. 7
  2. Asia
  3. Europe

4. Atlantic

  • Pacific

2. Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique

  • 9
  1. Drakensberg Mountains
  2. Copper, diamonds, iron
  3. Limpopo
  4. Orange
  5. Indian
  6. Gauteng
  7. Eastern Cape

8. E – no harbour

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
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