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Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe

Graad 8

Die ekonomiese siklus

Module 4

Vakbonde

Wat is ‘n vakbond?

  • ‘n Vakbond is ‘n “vereniging van werknemers met gemeenskaplike belange wat hulself in ‘n organisasie saamvoeg ten einde hul belange deur gesamentlike onderhandelings met hul werkgewers, te beskerm en te bevorder”. Die proses van onderhandeling tussen ‘n vakbond en ‘n werkgewer, of ‘n werkgewersorganisasie, staan bekend as BEDINGING. Om lid van ‘n vakbond te kan word, moet elke lid ledegeld betaal. Die bedrag van die ledegeld hang af van die voorskrifte van die vakbond, asook die grootte van die salaris of loon van die werknemer.

Die lede van ‘n vakbond wat in dieselfde werkplek werk of in dieselfde omgewing woon, vorm ‘n plaaslike tak van die vakbond. Elke tak verkies sy eie vakbondverteenwoordiger, wat dan as hul segsman optree. Die persoon wat sodanig verkies is, staan bekend as ‘n verteenwoordiger (of “shop steward”). Die lede van groot vakbonde verkies ook streeksverteenwoordigers en ‘n nasionale bestuurskomitee - ‘n komitee wat namens sy lede optree. Die nasionale bestuurskomitee word gewoonlik op die jaarlikse konferensie van die vakbond, waar die afgevaardigdes van alle takke teenwoordig is, verkies.

Vakbonde is daarop ingestel om die belange van die werker te beskerm. In enige werksituasie kan probleme van tyd tot tyd ontstaan. Onder sulke omstandighede soek die werknemer iemand om sy belange te behartig of sy saak te stel. ‘n Vakbond bied aan sy lede regsadvies, sowel as iemand wat die werknemer se saak kan stel, namens alle werkers kan optree en wie die steun het van ‘n nasionale organisasie.

Wat kan die werknemer van sy vakbond verwag?

  • Om onderhandelinge met die werkgewer te voer oor vergoeding, werksure en vakansiedae, oor die wyse van vergoeding, oor toelaes, oortydbetalings en oor aftrede en pensioenvoordele.
  • Om die werknemer te verteenwoordig in onderhandelinge wanneer daar ernstige probleme by die werk ontstaan. Byvoorbeeld wanneer die werknemer meen dat hy onregverdig behandel is, onregverdig gedissiplineer is of wanneer daar nie behoorlik aan sy klagtes aandag gegee word nie.
  • Om te onderhandel ten einde die werksomstandighede te verbeter. Byvoorbeeld wanneer die werknemer blootgestel word aan gesondheids- en veiligheidsrisiko’s, soos skadelike gasse of gevaarlike masjinerie, of selfs wanneer die was- en toiletgeriewe nie na wense is nie.
  • Om vir die beskerming van die werknemer te onderhandel wanneer hy gedreig word met afdanking of oorbodigheid.
  • Om behulpsaam te wees met sake rakende werkloosheidsversekering.
  • Om te verseker dat deeltydse werknemers eerlike behandeling kry.
  • As lid van die vakbond is die werknemer ook geregtig op ander voordele, soos regsadvies en regsverteenwoordiging, sekere kontantvoordele en ander dienste, sowel as die geleentheid om opleidingskursusse van die vakbond by te woon.

Vakbondorganisasies kan hoofsaaklik in vier soorte verdeel word:

  • Vakbond vir ALGEMENE WERKERS, wat alle soorte werknemers oor die breë front van geskoolde en ongeskoolde werknemers verteenwoordig, byvoorbeeld die Vervoer en Algemene Werknemersunie .
  • Vakbond vir vakmanne, wat werknemers met bepaalde vaardighede verteenwoordig, byvoorbeeld skrynwerkers, ens.
  • Vakbond vir industriële werknemers, wat geskoolde en ongeskoolde werknemers in ‘n bepaalde nywerheid verteenwoordig, byvoorbeeld werknemers in die papier- en pulp- vervaardigingsindustrie.
  • Vakbond vir witboordjiewerknemers, wat werknemers in die nie-handvaardigheids- beroepe verteenwoordig, byvoorbeeld onderwysers, ens.

Aktiwiteit 1

LU 1.4

VAKBONDE

Maak ‘n lys van VYF voordele en VYF nadele van vakbonde. Bespreek elkeen van die voordele en nadele breedvoerig. Dink julle dat dit die moeite werd is om aan ‘n vakbond te behoort? Verskaf redes vir die standpunt. Sal julle lid word van ‘n vakbond wanneer jul begin werk? Elke groep moet hul standpunte aan die klas stel.

Aktiwiteit 2

LU 1.4

VAKBONDE

‘n Vriend van jou gaan nou met ‘n nuwe werk begin. Hy kan nie besluit of hy aan ‘n vakbond wil behoort of nie. Skryf vir hom ‘n brief waarin jy jou mening oor die saak gee.

A3-PLAKKAAT en TWEE GETIKTE VELLE

  • Kies enige vakbond en vind alles omtrent hulle uit. Byvoorbeeld: Hoe goed is hulle georganiseerd? Ondersteun hulle ‘n politieke party? As dit so is, hoe doen hulle dit? Was hulle al in enige optogte of stakings betrokke en wanneer?
  • NOTA: Gebruik ook koerantberigte op jul plakkate.

Assessering

Leeruitkomstes(LUs)
LU 1
DIE EKONOMIESE KRINGLOOPDie leerder sal in staat wees om kennis en begrip van die ekonomiese siklus binne die konteks van ‘die ekonomiese’ probleem te toon.
Assesseringstandaarde(ASe)
Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder:
  • 1.1 die historiese ontwikkeling van geld en die rol daarvan in samelewings en hul ekonomieë kan beskryf;
  • 1.2 die wyse kan bespreek waarop handel (invoer en uitvoer) die ekonomiese probleem (keuse- en geleentheidskoste) aanspreek, asook die rol van banke in belegging in die ekonomie;
  • 1.3 kan verduidelik hoe verskillende ekonomiese sisteme die ekonomiese probleem aanspreek (bv beplande, mark- en gemengde ekonomieë);
  • 1.4 die rol, regte en verantwoordelikhede van vakbonde kan bespreek; (en)
  • 1.5 kan verduidelik wat inflasie is en redes vir veranderinge in die inflasiekoerse kan bespreek.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11039/1.1
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