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Economic and management sciences

Grade 6

The economic cycle

Module 3

The law of our country and the economy

The country’s set of rules (laws) that has been compiled to define and protect the rights and duties of every citizen also includes a budget that sets out how the government generates money, and how this money will be spent.

Tax is one of a government’s main sources of income. There are two main categories of tax that our government recovers from its citizens.

Indirect tax

Here are some examples:

VAT - Value added tax is levied on almost all goods and services. For example, when you buy new clothes, you pay 14% more than the original price. This 14% goes to the government. It is usually included in the price, so that the buyer does not have to make the calculation himself.

Tax on fuel – a portion of the money you pay for fuel per litre, is given to the government.

Direct tax

People in the labour market who earn an income (in 2005 it amounts to R30 000 per year for persons under 65 and R59 990 per year for persons over 65) are liable to pay income tax according to the pay-as-you-earn system. The percentage depends on the income you earn and is calculated according to tax scales, and is deducted from your salary every month. Once a year everybody earning a certain income and higher, must complete a set of forms in which they have to declare all forms of income.


Calculate the VAT on the following items:

a bicycle of R860

a pencil of R4,95

a loaf of white bread of R5,25

Find out whether tax is paid on the following items and explain why:

  • brown bread;
  • bananas;
  • full cream milk.

[LO 1.4]

! We trust that you now know a little more about your specific role in the economic cycle and how the government is involved in the entire economic process. With this in mind, try to imagine yourself in 10 years’ time and write a brief paragraph on your possible choice of career and working conditions as you see yourself ten years from now.


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
THE ECONOMIC CYCLEThe learner is able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the economic cycle within the context of the economic problem.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 describes the roles of households, businesses and government in the economic cycle;
1.4 explains different types of taxes and how they influence consumers and businesses.
LO 2
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of sustainable growth, reconstruction and development, and to reflect on related processes.
We know this when the learner:
2.3 identifies steps that can be taken by the government to redress historic imbalances and poverty (e.g. redistribution of resources, gender equity, capacity building, restoring people’s dignity, creating opportunity and empowerment).

Questions & Answers

so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11013/1.1
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