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Afrikaans huistaal

Graad 8

Module 3

Taal

AKTIWITEIT 1

Taal

Eerstens weer so ’n paar LEESTEKENS.

3.1 Skryf die paragraaf wat begin met: “Die groot rede waarom . . .” oor soos jy Len se woorde (en stemtoon/houding ens.) aan iemand anders sal oordra.

3.2 Skryf die sin wat begin met: “Volgens mnr. Len Bradford . . .” woord vir woord oor en voeg die korrekte leestekens in.

Afleidings

  • In die woordeskat van Afrikaans kom baie woorde voor wat van dieselfde woord afgelei is, maar ’n heel ander betekenis het. Julle is bv. leerders , ’n woord wat van LEER afgelei is. Maar ook leraar en verleer kom van dieselfde woord, wat ons die STAM noem, af. Meer nog: ’n leerder is iemand wat leer, en daarom sê ons dis ’n persoonsvorm.

3.3 Lees nou weer deur die leesstuk en skryf verskillende persoonsvorme sowel as die STAM van elkeen neer.

3.4 Water ander woorde kan jy maak met die STAM Me wat jy by 3.3 uitgehaal het?

Sinonieme en Antonieme

  • In die woordeskat van enige taal (en in ons geval Afrikaans) kan ons sekere woorde met mekaar vervang of byna vervang sonder dat ons werklik aan die betekenis verander. Woorde waarmee ons ander kan vervang, noem ons sinonieme.
  • Maar dis nie altyd so eenvoudig nie: woorde het betekenis, en ons heg sekere betekeniswaarde aan woorde, sodat ons baiekeer sê ’n woord is beledigend ens. bedoel. Jy gaan bv. nie baie daarvan hou as jou ma vir gaste sê: “Dis my oudste seun ; hy is ’n oulike vent” nie, want vent het in die meeste gevalle ’n negatiewe betekenis.
  • GAAN SOEK NOU IN DIE LEESSTUK SINONIEME VIR DIE VOLGENDE WOORDE (DIE LYS IS NIE IN VOLGORDE SOOS DIT IN DIE LEESSTUK VOORKOM NIE):

3.5 sukkel

3.6 groei

3.7 snelheid

3.8 nuwigheid

3.9 kerjakker

3.10 populariteit

3.11 moderne

  • KOM ONS KEER NOU DIE OEFENING OM! DIE VOLGENDE KLOMPIE WOORDE STAAN IN DIE LEESSTUK. JY MOET NOU (JOU EIE) SINONIEME DAARVOOR GAAN SOEK.

3.12 beslis (par. 1)

3.13 make (par. 7)

3.14 eenvoudig (par. 9)

3.15 handige (par. 10)

3.16 seker (par. 13)

  • Net so kry ons in alle tale woorde met ’n teenoorgestelde betekenis, wat ons ANTONIEME noem (anti- beteken mos TEEN). Antonieme werk op verskillende maniere: so bv. is MAN die enigste antoniem vir VROU, ROOI kan nie werklik ’n antoniem hê nie, maar wanneer ’n ding ROOI is, kan dit nie WIT of SWART of GEEL of enige ander kleur wees nie. As ek nie KWAAD is nie, kan ek VRIENDELIK wees, of TEVREDE of RUSTIG, of AFGEKOEL, wat almal ’n ander toestand uitdruk.
  • Maar kom ons werk vir eers net met een soort ANTONIEM.
  • GAAN WEER NA DIE LEESSTUK TOE EN GEE ANTONIEME VIR DIE VOLGENDE WOORDE (JY MOET NOU KYK IN WATTER BETEKENIS OF KONTEKS DIE BEPAALDE WOORD GEBRUIK WORD SODAT JY ‘N GOEIE ANTONIEM GEE):

3.17 nuwerwetse (par.1)

3.18 toeneem (par. 3)

3.19 veiliger (par. 4)

3.20 waaghalse (par. 5)

3.21 handige (par. 10)

3.22 gewoonlik (par. 11)

  • ’n Laaste opmerking oor woorde: Dit gebeur dikwels dat mense nie die presiese betekenis van ’n woord ken nie of dit met ’n ander woord verwar, met die gevolg dat hulle dan daardie woord verkeerd gebruik omdat hulle dink dit beteken iets anders as wat dit werklik beteken. Dink maar aan ’n woord soos OPGESKEEP sit (met iets wat jy nie wil hê nie), en OPGESAAL (word met iets – met ander woorde nog werk bykry). Mense gebruik dikwels die uitdrukking: Ek sit opgesaal met hierdie nuttelose geskenk.
  • Net so gebeur dit dat mense twee woorde ken wat byna dieselfde beteken, en dan daardie woorde saamvoeg asof dit korrek is so.

Questions & Answers

how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Afrikaans huistaal graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11037/1.1
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