# 1.17 Machine learning lecture 18  (Page 9/11)

Student:

Is there a recess [inaudible] function in this setup?

Instructor (Andrew Ng) :Oh, yes. An MDP comprises SA, the state transition probabilities G and R and so for continuous state spaces, S would be like R4 for the inverted pendulum or something. Actions with discretized state transitions probabilities with specifying with the model or the simulator, G is just a real number like .99 and the real function is usually a function that’s given to you.

And so the reward function is some function of your 4-dimensional state, and for example, you might choose a reward function to be minus – I don’t know. Just for an example of simple reward function, if we want a -1 if the pole has fallen and there it depends on you choose your reward function to be -1 if the inverted pendulum falls over and to find that its angle is greater than 30° or something and zero otherwise. So that would be an example of a reward function that you can choose for the inverted pendulum, but yes, assuming a reward function is given to you so that you can compute R(s)I for any state. Are there other questions?

Actually, let me try asking a question, so everything I did here assume that we have a stochastic simulator. So it turns out I can simply this algorithm if I have a deterministic simulator, but deterministic simulator is given a stated action, my next state is always exactly determined. So let me ask you, if I have a deterministic simulator, how would I change this algorithm? How would I simplify this algorithm?

Student: Lower your samples that you’re drawing [inaudible].

Instructor (Andrew Ng) :Right, so Justin’s going right. If I have a deterministic simulator, all my samples from those would be exactly the same, and so if I have a deterministic simulator, I can set K to be equal to 1, so I don’t need to draw K different samples. I really only need one sample if I have a deterministic simulator, so you can simplify this by setting K=1 if you have a deterministic simulator. Yeah?

Student: I guess I’m really confused about the, yeah, we sorta turned this [inaudible] into something that looks like linear state regression or some’ you know the data transpose times something that we’re used to but I guess I’m a little. I don’t know really know what question to ask but like when we did this before we had like discrete states and everything. We were determined with finding this optimal policy and I guess it doesn’t look like we haven’t said the word policy in a while so kinda difficult.

Instructor (Andrew Ng) :Okay, yeah, so [inaudible] matters back to policy but maybe I should just say a couple words so let me actually try to get at some of what maybe what you’re saying. Our strategy for finding optimal policy has been to find some way to find V*, find some way to find the optimal value function and then use that to compute ?* and some of approximations of ?*. So far everything I’ve been doing has been focused on how to find V*. I just want to say one more word. It actually turns out that for linear regression it’s often very easy. It’s often not terribly difficult to choose some resource of the features.

how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
a perfect square v²+2v+_
kkk nice
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
is it 3×y ?
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
China
Cied
types of nano material
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
what is nano technology
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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