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Wiskunde

Pret met die sakrekenaar en negatiewe getalle

Opvoeders afdeling

Memorandum

5. a) 108

b) 9

c) 13

d) 68

e) 14

f) 4

g) 48

h 72

i) 200

j) 18 000

k) 20

l) 9

m) R238

n) R6 080

o) 54

Leerders afdeling

Inhoud

Aktiwiteit: pret met die sakrekenaar [lu 1.9.2]

Pret met die sakrekenaar

1. Het jy geweet dat sakrekenaars ook kan “praat”? Sleutel die volgende op jou sakrekenaar in: 0,65 + 0,1234 =

Draai nou jou sakrekenaar onderstebo. Wat lees jy?

___________________________________________________________

In hierdie module gaan ons leer hoe om die sakrekenaar effektief te gebruik om berekeninge maklik te doen.

2. HET JY GEWEET?

5 000 jaar gelede het die Babiloniërs ’n optelmasjien ontwerp wat hulle ’n abakus genoem het. Die Chinese gebruik vandag steeds ’n variasie hiervan. Hulle abakus bestaan uit krale wat jy op ’n telraam op en af moet skuif.

In 1642 het Blaise Pascal van Frankryk ’n optelmasjien ontwerp wat met draaiknoppe gewerk het. Dit was egter te duur om te bou.

’n Britse wiskundige, Charles Babbage, het in 1830 begin werk aan ’n analitiese enjin wat deur stoom aangedryf is. Hy het vir 37 jaar probeer om hierdie enjin , wat verskillende berekeninge kon doen, te bou, maar is oorlede voordat hy dit kon voltooi.

3. KOM ONS HERSIEN

Werk saam met ’n maat en soek die volgende sleutels op jou sakrekenaar:

AC = wis alles, insluitende die geheue, uit
C = maak die vertoonvenster skoon
CE / CM = maak die geheue skoon
Min / M / M+ ____________________________________
STO = bêre in die geheue / tel op
M- = trek van die geheue af
RCL / x M ____________________________________
MR / RM = roep die geheue op
O m / O m = jy het nie die geheue skoongemaak nie

Het jou sakrekenaar ’n ander sleutel wat jy moet druk om bogenoemde te doen? Skryf dit hieronder neer:

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

4. ONTHOU JY NOG?

Ons kry ’n gewone sakrekenaar en ’n wetenskaplike sakrekenaar. Laasgenoemde kan meer ingewikkelde berekeninge doen. Vergelyk jou sakrekenaar met dié van jou klasmaats en kyk hoe hul ooreenstem / verskil.

5. Voordat ons verder met die sakrekenaar gaan werk, moet jy eers jou eie breinkrag inspan. Voltooi die volgende hoofrekentoets so vinnig en akkuraat moontlik.

a) 12 × 9 = __________

b) __________ × 7 = 63

c) 48 + __________ = 61

d) __________ - 18 = 50

e) 63 - __________ = 49

f) (12 × 8) + __________ = 100

g) 8 × 3 × 3 = __________

h) __________ ÷ 8 = 9

i) 80 × 40 = __________

j) 300 × 60 __________

k) 500 ÷ 25 = __________

l) one third of 27 = __________

m) R2,38 × 100 = __________

n) R6,08 × 1 000 = __________

o) __________ ÷ 6 = 9

15

Voltooi deur die toepaslike blokkie in te kleur:

Ek het GOED GEMIDDELD SWAK Gevaar.

Assessering

Leeruitkomste 1: Die leerder is in staat om getalle en die verwantskappe daarvan te herken, te beskryf en voor te stel, en om tydens probleemoplossing bevoeg en met selfvertroue te tel, te skat, te bereken en te kontroleer.

Assesseringstandaard 1.9: Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder ‘n verskeidenheid tegnieke gebruik om berekeninge te doen, insluitend:

1.9.2: die gebruik van ‘n sakrekenaar.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
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Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
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Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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Source:  OpenStax, Wiskunde graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Oct 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11076/1.2
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