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  1. VOORVEREISTES VIR DINK EN LEER

BASIESE KOMPONENTE VAN

ONTWIKKELING EN ALGEMENE

AKTIWITEITE WAT ONTWIKKELING

STIMULEER

Integrasie vind plaas eers wanneer bogenoemde basiese komponente van ontwikkeling geïntegreerd saamwerk.

Die handpalm vorm die basis vir die hand. Die skets

daarvan hierbo Is ‘n voorstelling van die basiese

komponente van ontwikkeling. Dit is belangrik, aangesien

dit inligting verskaf oor die leerder se ontwikkeling.

Sensories-motoriese ontwikkeling :

Het die leerder sy motoriese mylpale op die verwagte

ouderdom bereik?

Is daar enige ontwikkelingsagterstande?

Fisiese en sosiale faktore

Het die leerder enige fisiese gebreke wat hom strem, byvoorbeeld doofheid?

Het die leerder enige sosiale ontwikkelingsagterstande, byvoorbeeld deprivasie of verskille ten opsigte van agtergrond?

  • MOTORIESE ONTWIKKELING

Die kind se motoriese ontwikkeling help hom om ‘n gesonde en gebalanseerde leefwyse te handhaaf. ‘n Agterstand in motoriese ontwikkeling kan lei tot moegheid, wat verder mag aanleiding gee tot rusteloosheid, afleibaarheid, swak konsentrasie en koördinasie-probleme. Sy houding op die mat of by sy lessenaar mag ook swak wees.

  • GROOT MOTORIESE VAARDIGHEDE (samewerking van groot spiere in die liggaam)

Voorbeelde van aktiwiteite:

  • Klim-en-klouteraktiwiteite
  • Springaktiwiteite (balspele en touspring)
  • Balanseeraktiwiteite (huppel, eenbeenstaan, eenbeentjiespring, loop op ‘n lyn)
  • FYN MOTORIESE VAARDIGHEDE (samewerking van die klein spiere in die liggaam)

Voorbeelde van aktiwiteite:

  • Frommel van papier
  • Skêrknipaktiwiteite en inkleur
  • Inryg van krale / wasgoedpennetjies vasknyp
  • Kleispel / veters bind
  • MOTORIESE BEPLANNING (dit is die sistematiese uitvoering van nie-gewoontevormende verbale opdragte of take).

Swak motoriese beplanning kan swak werkspoed en lompheid tot gevolg hê en kan daartoe lei dat die leerder langer neem om nuwe vaardighede aan te leer.

  • SPRAAK- EN TAALONTWIKKELING

Verbale taalontwikkeling begin op ‘n vroeë ouderdom, voor lees en skryf. Die jong kind dink in taal en druk sy gedagtes in taal uit. Dit is belangrik in sosiale verhoudings, sowel as in akademiese prestasies en maak ook deel uit van kognitiewe ontwikkeling.

Voorbeelde van aktiwiteite:

  • Oorvertel van stories / eie ondervindings
  • Ontwikkeling van ‘n woordeskat met behulp van uitstappies, gevolg deur toepaslike klasbesprekings
  • Bespreking van wêreldgebeure
  • Liedjies en rympies
  • Die korrekte gebruik van verbale vermoë in verskillende situasies, bv. om ‘n telefoon korrek te beantwoord of ‘n boodskap noukeurig oor te dra.

Graad R-leerders moet effektief kan kommunikeer deur taal, kuns, beweging, musiek en dramatisering van fantasie-ervarings.

  • EMOSIONELE EN SOSIALE ONTWIKKELING

Graad R-leerders moet ‘n duidelike gedragskode aangeleer word en het geleenthede nodig om suiwer waardes en houdings en ‘n sterk morele kode te ontwikkel om verhoudings in die gesin, familie en gemeenskap te bevorder. Hulle het ‘n verskeidenheid sosiale ervarings en geleenthede nodig om te leer om effektief in groepe saam te werk.

Leerders wat emosioneel en sosiaal nog onryp is, vind dit moeilik om in die klassituasie aan te pas en aktief deel te neem. Hulle sukkel om hulle emosies te hanteer, is dikwels bakleierig, onwillig om nuwe dinge aan te pak en in groepe te werk, en onttrek soms. Om selfvertroue te ontwikkel en effektief te kan leer, het hulle ‘n veilige, leerdergesentreerde en stimulerende omgewing nodig waar hulle uitgedaag word om te leer.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Graad r 'n leerprogram. OpenStax CNX. Oct 28, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11134/1.1
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