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Field Logics

Field logics, the next analytic device include the“. . . belief systems and related practices that predominate in an organizational field”(Scott, 2001, p. 139). Friedland and Alford (in Scott, 2001, p. 139) have noted that these logics provide the“organizing principles”that organizational participants use to carry out their work. Field logics vary across four dimensions–content, penetration, linkage, and exclusiveness.

Content is the meaning and interpretation field participants give to belief systems. Penetration is the vertical depth and strength with which particular belief systems are held by participants. Linkages refer to the horizontal connections participants make between different belief systems. For example the linkage between belief in the outcomes of cohorts and beliefs about the Ed.D. degree as a practice-oriented, professional degree. Exclusiveness is the extent to which one field logic predominates or competing logics vie for acceptance (Scott, 2001, pp. 139-140).

Sources of Influence

The final analytic device draws our attention to the sources from which institutionalization springs. Scott (1987) has highlighted seven different sources:

  • Imposition of organizational structure. In this case agents impose common structure either by virtue of their authority or through their use of coercive power. This form of influence is comparable to the mechanism of coercion (DiMaggio&Powell, 1983).
  • Authorization of organizational structure. In this situation a subordinate unit voluntarily complies with the wishes of an agent in order to obtain approval of that agent (as in choosing to be accredited when accreditation is not required to operate a program).
  • Inducement of organizational structure. Another agent induces change by requiring the change as a condition of funding the organization.
  • Acquisition of organizational structure. In this situation organizational actors deliberately choose to acquire structural models and employ mimetic and/or normative mechanisms to do so.
  • Imprinting of organizational structure. An organization takes on particular structural characteristics for an organizational field at the time of its founding. For example, as new doctoral programs are established, a cohort structure is chosen because that structure is characteristic of the field.
  • Incorporation of organizational structure. Through incremental environmental adaptation, organizations over time incorporate environmental structures into their own structure.
  • Bypassing organizational structure. Within the context of strong cultural institutional structures, organizational structures may not need to be as complex and elaborate as in cases where the cultural structures are weak (Meyer&Rowan, 1977). In this case“cultural controls can substitute for structural controls”(Scott, 1987, p. 507).

Taken together the analytic devices of mechanisms, carriers, field logics, and sources of institutionalism provide a framework for critically examining how and why the field of educational leadership has chosen to use cohorts.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
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I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
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a perfect square v²+2v+_
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The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
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Kristine 2*2*2=8
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Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
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No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
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J, combine like terms 7x-4y
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
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In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
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Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
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Source:  OpenStax, The handbook of doctoral programs: issues and challenges. OpenStax CNX. Dec 10, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10427/1.3
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