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People also make casual attributions about the results of their evaluations - such as whether poorperformance is due to one's limited ability or to insufficient effort.Self-satisfaction involves perceptions of satisfaction or dissatisfaction and associated affect regardingone's performance, which is important because people pursue courses of action that result in satisfactionand positive affect, and avoid those courses that produce dissatisfaction and negative affect, such asanxiety.

Adaptive or defensive inferences are conclusions about how one needs to alter his or her self-regulatoryapproach during subsequent efforts to learn or perform. Adaptive inferences are important becausethey direct people to new and potentially better forms of performance self-regulation, such as by shiftingthe goals hierarchically or choosing a more effective strategy (Zimmerman + Martinez-Pons, 1992) Barry J. Zimmerman, and Manuel Martinez-Pons. (1992). Perceptions of efficacy and strategy use in the self-regulation of learning. In D. H. Schunk + J. L. Meece (Eds.) Student Perceptions in the Classroom: Causes and Consequences (pp. 185-207). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum. In contrast, defensive inferences serve primarily toprotect the person from future dissatisfaction and aversive affect, but unfortunately they also underminesuccessful adaptation. These defensive self-reactions include helplessness, procrastination, task avoidance,cognitive disengagement, and apathy. Garcia and Pintrich (1994) Garcia, T. + Pintrich, P.R. (1994). Regulating motivation and cognition in the classroom: the role of self-schemas and self-regulatory strategies. In D.H. Schunk and B.J. Zimmerman(Eds.), Self-Regulation on Learning and Performance: Issues and Applications (pp.132-157), NJ, Hillsdale, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. have referred to such defensive reactions as self-handicapping strategies, because,despite their intended protectiveness, they ultimately limit personal growth.

An introduction

I said in the beginning of this chapter that "Self- regulation is the conscious and nonconscious processesby which people regulate their thoughts, emotions,attention, behavior, and impulses. People generate thoughts, feelings and actions and adapt those to theattainment of personal goals." But what is meant by terms such as self-regulation, self-control, self-awareness, and self-monitoring? The difficult thing to figure out I would think would be how much of self-regulation or what is going on mentally is conscious or not conscious. When someone is doing any action,how much of the control they are employing is conscious and how much of it is unconscious? That is avery complicated question. To a certain extent it is like you are unconsciously saying to yourself variousthings while you are doing something, but you also might be saying things to yourself consciously at thesame time that also helps direct your behavior.

Other important questions are - how does a persons goals and motivations influence their feelings,behavior, self-control and actions? How much of feeling, impulses and impulse control, motivation andgoal creating is conscious or unconscious? If you think about it, your goals, motivations, and thenatural impulses that result from your emotions (which are to a large extent determined by your goals andmotivations) are going to be fluctuating and changing all of the time.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
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