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The Lewis model of chemical bonding is one of the most powerful models in all of Chemistry. With the simple concepts of the octet rule and the sharing of an electron pair to form a chemical bond, we can predict what combinations of atoms and which molecular structures are likely to be stable or unstable. For example, we can predict that the molecular formula C 4 H 10 should correspond to a stable molecular structure, since it possible to draw a Lewis structure in which all four carbon atoms have an octet of valence electrons and each hydrogen atom has two valence electrons. In fact, we can even predict that there should be two such molecular structures corresponding to two different stable compounds, butane and methyl propane (often called isobutane). Lewis structures also allow us to predict the relative strengths and lengths of chemical bonds. For example, we can predict that in the molecule propene C 3 H 6 , one of the C-C bonds is a single bond and the other is a double bond; correspondingly, we can predict that the double bond is shorter and stronger than the single bond.

In general, for any molecule containing some combination of atoms of C, N, H, O, and any of the halogens (F, Cl, Br, or I), we can predict with confidence that the molecule will be a stable compound if we can draw a Lewis structure in which the C, N, O, and halogen atoms all have an octet of valence electrons. This is a very significant statement, since the overwhelming majority of the molecules of organic chemistry are composed of only these atoms. The converse is also generally true: if we cannot draw a Lewis structure in which these atoms have an octet of valence electrons, we will predict fairly confidently that a stable compound of that molecular formula probably does not exist. Note that “stable” does not mean “non-reactive.” In this context, “stable” means that the compound exists and can be isolated for long periods of time. Methane CH 4 is a stable compound which can be manufactured, captured, stored, and transported. However, it is also a reactive compound, reacting rapidly with oxygen gas in one of the most common combustion reactions in the world.

These are the reasons why we say that the Lewis structure model of covalent bonding is one of the most important models in all of Chemistry. However, like most good models, the understanding we get from the model comes with even more questions we might want to ask. In this Concept Development Study, we will address several of these, while others will wait for later studies. First, why does sharing a pair of electrons create a chemical bonding? More pointedly, what does it even mean to “share” an electron between two atoms? And why do atoms prefer to share a pair of electrons, rather than one or three? Of course, we’ve also seen that atoms can share more than one pair of electrons, creating double or triple bonds. We might have guessed that, with more electrons being shared, these electrons would repel each other, leading to a higher energy, but this is not the case. Why does sharing more than one pair of electrons produce a stronger bond?

Questions & Answers

how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Concept development studies in chemistry 2013. OpenStax CNX. Oct 07, 2013 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11579/1.1
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