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  • The specific hour requirements in the internship pertaining to working with IEP meetings, special education teachers, and ELL teachers were dropped and were replaced by evidence of competency and understanding in those areas;
  • The request that interns be allowed to be mentored by out-of-state principals was granted;
  • The experience requirement for principals serving as mentors was reduced from four years to three years; and
  • In an item requested by some universities, but addressed in great detail in the ICPEA letter, the percentage of courses that could be taught by adjunct professors was increased from one-third to no more than 80% of the total.

The number of years of teaching experience required for the endorsement was four years, and the number of candidates that a principal may mentor in a 12 month period was left at two. While the ISBE staff indicated in its memorandum accompanying the rules that out-of-state candidates should be required to meet the same requirements as participants in Illinois programs, this still did not appear specifically in the rules.

On December 16, 2010, the president of ICPEA testified in front of the Illinois State Board of Education. In his testimony, he thanked the ISBE staff for the changes made in the rules, and still requested that the board consider increasing the number of candidates a principal may mentor to more than two and allowing a system which would enable candidates to begin programs earlier than after four years of teaching. He also again urged specificity regarding the reciprocity issue.

The final push

During the time between the Illinois State Board of Education meeting December of 2010 and the final meeting of the Joint Committee on Administrative Rules (JCAR) meeting in the second week of April 2011, ICPEA members and member institutions continued to call legislators, write letters, etc. Over 150 letters were received by the ISBE and JCAR members during this time period. In the March 3, 2011 meeting of the ICPEA, the president was again directed by the membership to send another letter to both ISBE and JCAR regarding remaining concerns of the membership. This letter was sent on March 4, 2011. A final letter was sent on April 2, 2011, just days before the JCAR meeting in which the final rules were to be approved. During the final week before the JCAR vote, a small group of JCAR members were able to meet with key legislative members of the JCAR committee and were able to address the group’s remaining concerns one more time. As a result of these final efforts, JCAR directed the ISBE to revise the proposed rules pertaining to years of experience before a candidate could enter an administrative program. The ISBE staff was told to develop rules in this area which would enable candidates to be eligible for certification after four years of teaching experience. The ISBE staff was also instructed to address the out-of-state issue and to propose rules which would require out-of-state universities to comply with the new Illinois requirements.

Conclusions

Many of the higher education institutions in Illinois which prepare principal candidates are in direct competition with one another for students. Prior to the push for reform by ISBE and IBHE, it was not uncommon for some institutions to creatively look for ways to “poach” students from other institutions. However, as a result of what the ICPEA saw as a common threat, the member institutions put aside their differences and began working together more closely than ever before. Public and private institutions teamed up to first work together for reform, along with the major state agencies, and subsequently to fight against backtracking on agreements and unilateral changes in the rules which ICPEA members felt had been agreed upon during an extensive task force process. Personal and institutional relationships were clearly strengthened during the entire reform process, and the ICPEA emerged as an even stronger institution than before. Members are now willing and anxious to engage in collaborative ventures with their professional colleagues across the state. There is little doubt among the ICPEA membership that superintendent preparation programs are next on the docket of ISBE and IBHE. We have learned that we must be eternally vigilant in our dealings with these state agencies. Rather than thinking about “your turf” or “my turf,” we now tend to think in terms of “our turf.”

References

  • Commission on School Leader Preparation in Illinois Colleges and Universities. (2006). School leader preparation: A blueprint for change. Springfield, IL: Illinois Board of Higher Education.
  • Fry, B., Botttoms, G.&O’Neill, K. (2005). The principal internship: How can we get it right? Atlanta, GA: Southern Regional Education Board. Retrieved August 12, 2009 from (External Link)
  • Hackmann, D.&Wanat, C. (2007). Licensing principals: Iowa’s preparation reform initiative. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 2 (3), 1-36.
  • Illinois Board of Higher Education and Illinois State Board of Education. (2009). Newly defined principal preparation. Springfield, IL: Illinois Board of Higher Education and Illinois State Board of Education, pp.1-46. Retrieved August 9, 2009 from (External Link)
  • Illinois Principals Association. (2009). Distinguished principals program. Springfield, IL: Illinois Principals Association. Retrieved August 9, 2009 from (External Link) .
  • Illinois State Board of Education. (2008). General administrative endorsements entitled by institution. Springfield, IL: Illinois State Board of Education.
  • Levine, A. (2005). Educating school leaders: The education schools project. Princeton, NJ: The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation.
  • Tozer, S. (2008). Report to the Illinois general assembly. Illinois School Leader Task Force. Springfield, IL: Office of the Governor; Illinois State Board of Education; Illinois Board of Higher Education; and Center for the Study of Education Policy at Illinois State University.
  • University of South Alabama (2009). Instructional leadership for all Alabama schools. Alabama Instructional Leadership University Redesign. Mobile, AL, pp. 1-7.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
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what is nano technology
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
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AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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