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Proposal elements

Budget — know deadlines in your institution! Get help, if needed!

  • Carefully crafted to align with anticipated funding from target
  • Must be approved by department, dean, institution
  • Can sometimes be sent through institutional process before the full grant
  • Get feedback from experienced grant writers!

Budget elements

  • Salaries (PI, students, technical help) + Fringe benefits
  • Equipment
  • Supplies
  • Travel
  • Other (e.g., publication expenses)
  • Subcontracts
  • Indirect costs – F&A costs (facilities and administration, negotiated by institution)
  • Fringe benefits and F&A costs set by institution

Proposal elements

  • Research plan (usually in a specified order) — other items may be requested
    • Hypotheses/specific goals
    • Significance
    • Background
    • Prior results of relevance/preliminary data
    • Include collaborators if you need their expertise
    • Experimental plan
    • Timeline
  • No types, clear headers, some white space, use figures/tables
  • Clear flow from hypotheses to experiments to concluding section
  • Follow agency format precisely
  • Include, where permissible, preliminary data/figures

Other documents

  • Different agencies require different types of documentation
  • Read instructions very, very carefully and produce proposal accordingly
    • How to organize proposal
    • How to submit
    • What is allowed, not allowed
    • Criteria for review

Reviewer issues

  • Don’t assume reviewer will be an expert in your specific area
    • Give appropriate background, with proper referencing for the experts
    • Create a cohesive, interesting “story”
  • If you are responding to a review (e.g., NIH, NSF and others allow resubmission), formulate your response in affirming and polite tones, even if the reviewer was wrong

Research plan

  • Carefully present the importance of what you propose
  • Leave no question that you can accomplish what you propose
    • Be sure to indicate alternate routes in case what you propose does not work
  • Be very thorough in your citations (someone in the area will review it!)

Proposal elements

  • “Broader impacts”
    • NSF specifically requires that a proposal include activities that address the engagement of society with science
    • Proposed activities vary widely
    • Discuss with your institution what others have done that has been successful
  • Other agencies are beginning to request information on activities beyond the research plan (e.g., NIH and postdoctoral training)

How much is too much?

Think carefully about what you can reasonably do in the time frame of the grant

  • Don’t assume everything will work the first time (or even that it will work)
  • Don’t try to do more than you honestly feel is possible
  • Be aware that reviewers will probably know better about timing than you - get advice!

Good advice*

  • Calm down
  • Understand the situation
  • Communicate clearly

“This set of advice is good to repeat to yourself at intervals, and it is sometimes hard to do any, much less all, of these!”
*From We Were Soldiers

What “voice”?

  • Using first person can seem arrogant when read, but if you use it, be sure to use “we” unless you did all the work yourself
  • Write a few paragraphs in the first person and then read them; try them in a different voice and read them
  • Choose what fits you

Criteria for review

  • Criteria vary with agency, so need to read instructions carefully
  • Examples of criteria (not exhaustive):
    • Intellectual merit / quality of proposed work
    • Innovation
    • Creativity of original concepts
    • Well-conceived and organized activities
    • Investigator qualifications
    • Institutional context/access to resources
    • Broader impacts
  • Criteria used can vary depending on the type of grant
    • Research
    • Training
    • Small business innovation (e.g., SBIR)
  • Always read the instructions, which almost always provide information on criteria for review

Collaborating

Assess how collaborative funding is viewed in your department and your institution

  • Can be viewed positively
  • Can be viewed negatively
  • But remember you must have independent funding as a junior investigator for the P&T process

Ways to prepare

  • Find publications on grant writing
  • Ask to see successful proposal submitted by your colleagues
  • Find out if your institution offers any grant-writing or grant draft-feedback activities (e.g., a mock review panel for your proposal)

Foundations

  • Proposal processes are highly idiosyncratic, so you have to know the requirements - quite individual
  • Foundations
    • National examples – sometimes nominations are by institution
      • Packard, Searle, Keck, Pew
    • Often have local foundations that should be explored
    • Funding very economy-dependent

Corporations

  • Contracts negotiated through institutional research office
  • Elements often negotiated (institutions normally try to charge F&A costs at some level)
  • Terms and amounts vary significantly
  • Ask about industry support at your institution or institution-of-interest if this type of support is important in your area

When you are funded

  • Be aware that the funds go to the institution for your use
  • Be fiscally responsible and keep up with your funding (learn how to read the budget monthly)
  • Be sure your students and staff are aware of costs and exercise good judgment in ordering

Don’t let funding consume you

  • Publish!!!
  • Collaborate when possible
    • Shared techniques/approaches/new ideas
  • Discuss your ideas
  • Read
  • Be brave
  • Be prepared to fail!
  • And then write the next grant…..

Enjoy the process!

  • You can do the research that you love and choose the students and collaborators with whom you will work!
  • Be sure that you include relaxation in your planning and put thought into how to balance your work/life along the way! It can be great fun!

Questions & Answers

so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Rice university’s nsf advance program’s negotiating the ideal faculty position workshop master collection of presentations. OpenStax CNX. Mar 08, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11413/1.1
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