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A: As no one in your family recognizes the drawing, you must consider the possibility that it was drawn by somebody from outside the family. Since this is not known, you cannot assume that you are a copyright owner of this drawing.

The “zone of uncertainty” about this drawing makes it an “orphan work”: something that is presumably still under copyright, but whose owner is not findable. Whether or not to display it in public is an individual’s choice.(American Library Association 2011)


What about Danielle? Art and photos on the Internet have copyright protection, just like anywhere else. Danielle has infringed on the copyright of the other photographer. The easiest approach to this situation is for the two of them to come to an out-of-court settlement, either by themselves or with a professional mediator.

Glossary :

Actual damages : In a copyright case, it is the actual number of dollars lost on account of the defendant’s actions.

Statutory fees : Predetermined payments established by law to compensate for certain injuries. Statutory damages are sometimes made available because it is too difficult to calculate actual damages. (Nolo Plain English Law Dictionary (External Link) )


Scenario 1) My roommate has been working on a collage for several months. He could not find the right materials for one portion, so when I went home, I took several pieces of fabric from my grandmother’s sewing bag. One of them was just what he needed. The collage is finished and attracting attention; he expects to sell it for a good price. It got me thinking; without my contribution, he might never have finished it. Aren’t I a part copyright owner?

Scenario 2) I created a painting based on an idea my uncle came up with during a walk we took together. He now claims copyright interest in my painting. Is this possible?

Scenario 3) My paintings are displayed in a gallery. Some photographer came in and took careful photographs of each one. He says that since he took the photos, he owns the copyright of the photos. Is this possible?

Scenario 4) I attended a sporting event with my friend, who is a photojournalist,. I brought my camera, but he did not. During the event, a fight broke out in the stands near us. My friend asked to use my camera, and took several quality pictures of the fight. He then returned the camera to me, but asked me to send “his” pictures to him after the game. I suggested that he pay me a small fee for these pictures, as it was my camera that made them possible. He says he doesn’t have to, because copyright goes to the photographer. What is the correct answer?

Scenario 5) My graduate advisor and I have put together an academic journal article on the use of fine art in psychotherapy. We would like to include three of the paintings that have been used successfully. Even though the journal we’ve submitted it to isn’t an art journal, the editor is insisting that we get copyright clearance to publish these images. Why? Isn’t this an educational use?

Scenario 6) In our attic, I found two journals full of notes from a college student in the 1960s. My father said they were written by a friend of his. He’s lost track of the friend and the friend had a really common name, so I doubt I’ll ever find him. I’d like to write a one-act play based on one of the events in the journals. It is different from anything else I’ve read or heard about the 1960s and I think it would be a good production. Is it OK to use this?


Chapter 7: Artwork and Photography

"Circular 1-Copyright Basics." accessed Jun 23, 2003, (External Link) .

American Library Association. "Copyright: Orphan Works." 2011, (External Link) .

American Society of Media Photographers. "Copyright Tutorial: Photos of Public Buildings." 2011, (External Link) .

Findlaw.com. "Kelly v. Arriba Soft Corporation." 2010, (External Link) .

Laws.com. "Famous Cases Law: Rogers v. Koons." 2010, (External Link) .

Ovenall, Sarah. "Copyright for Collage Artists." Funnystrange.com2010, (External Link) .

Digital Millennium Copyright Act, (1998).

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
Commplementary angles
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im all ears I need to learn
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what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
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what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
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Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Copyright for the rest of us. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11385/1.2
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