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Perspectives from the study underpinning this are described below.

Collaborative activities

  • The high overall levels of satisfaction with collaboration, amongst respondents to the Collaborative questionnaire demonstrates the receptiveness and positive attitude of academics towards engaging in collaborations. This is an encouraging sign of acceptance.
  • Participants in the TX/UK Collaborative demonstrate a stronger propensity for collaboration than the wider Academic community in Swansea, both for academic and industrial collaborations. This high level of activity suggests stronger linkages across their cluster, a key factor in establishing competitive advantage Porter (2000).
  • The multidisciplinary nature of collaborators involved in the TX/UK Collaborative provides an interesting perspective of a more open culture within the cluster which fits with Porter and Sterns’ (1998) observation that not all actors within a cluster are necessarily aligned with a particular industry.
  • The greater prevalence of activities to support collaboration amongst the TX/UK cohort suggests a stronger culture and valuation of collaboration.


  • The responsiveness of institutions and individuals in realizing collaboration opportunities is recognized as a key success factor amongst respondents to the stakeholder interview. In general there is a positive view of institutional responsiveness, though limitations are observed in the abilities of institutions to provide the levels of support and alignment required.
  • From the Collaborative questionnaire, a positive view towards support and facilitation was also seen, however those involved in the TX/UK cohort with a wider perspective were most positive.


The heading ‘economics’ in the context of this study reflects the need to develop a sustainable cluster that creates true and measurable value, delivering a meaningful impact upon the region. The process starts with the identification of a sector that is relevant to the region and which has a global impact, offering markets with the commercial potential to contribute to the regional economy. Theoretically (or perhaps at least hypothetically), in a perfect world a region would gather together its key stakeholders, and with the benefit of the latest well-researched evidence arrive at evidence based consensus of which sector to develop, and the optimum approach. A holistic and integrated strategic plan would then be agreed and an implementation plan delivered. However, the world is imperfect and Wales is not a sufficiently coherent and cohesive community to deliver such an ordered solution. Despite this, in fairness to WAG, the regional government has published an economic development strategy “A Winning Wales” which together with further work defines the priority sectors as:

  • Pharmaceuticals/Bio-Chemicals
  • High technology
  • Aerospace
  • Agri-Food
  • Construction
  • Financial Services
  • Creative Industries
  • Automotive
  • Hospitality, Leisure and Tourism
  • Social Care

The WAG strategy does not contain the detail required to form the basis of a detailed regional plan. The implementation has therefore had to emerge ‘ground up’. The landscape of research in Wales is dominated by the HE sector as there is little large corporate R&D and the SME sector, active though it is, has not yet reached ignition point as a cluster. The University sector has been encouraged to compete by the funding model through instruments such as the Higher Education Economic Development (HEED) Fund. However, activities remain focused upon other major funding streams and their associated metrics, such as the Research Assessment Exercise, which is essentially a device designed to rank Universities to drive a formula for their financial reward. The RAE historically has not given ‘impact’ an equal weighting to more traditional academic metrics such as peer review articles, though there is currently much speculation as to how this will change under the Research Excellence Framework (REF).

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
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